Evie (4.1.71-74). b. Pour in the pig’s blood

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Last updated: September 18, 2019

Evie Oakes Mrs. HunkeleEnglish II H1/26/17Word Trace: Blood in Act 1. a.  Second Witch: “Cool it with a baboon’s blood. / Then the charm is firm and good.” (4.1.

37-38). b. We will use the baboon’s blood to cool the potion.

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After that, the charm will be finished. c. First quote; no comparison yet.

Shakespeare uses the literary device of allusion and refers to “a baboon” from Edward Topsell, The historie of foure-footed beastes. 2. a. First Witch: “Pour in sow’s blood that hath eaten/ Her nine farrow; grease that’s sweaten / From the murderer’s gibbet throw/ Into the flame” (4.1.71-74). b.

Pour in the pig’s blood that has eaten her nine offspring, as well as the grease of a murderer on a gibbet. c. In both the first and second passage, the witches are using blood to conjure up the apparitions. The pig that has eaten her nine offspring represents Macbeth’s inability to protect the people of Scotland. 3. a. Second Apparition: Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn/ The power of man, for none of woman born/ Shall harm Macbeth.

(4.1.90-92).b. Be violent, bold and strong. Laugh at other men because no one born from a woman could ever hurt Macbeth. c.

The use of the word blood in this passage has a positive connotation. “Bloody” is strong, or masculine. The second apparition is a bloody child, who is encouraging Macbeth to commit more violent acts. Macbeth believes that he is indestructible because “for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth”. 4.          a. Macbeth: “Horrible sight! Now I see ’tis true,/ For the blood- boltered Banquo smiles upon me/ And points at them for his” (4.

1.137-139).             b. It is a horrible sight. Now I see that it is true, these are the children of Banquo. Banquo, with his blood covered hair, smiles upon me and points at them as if they are his.

            c. In this passage, the witches created 8 kings who followed Banquo. The saying “blood boltered” means that Banquo’s hair was matted with blood from the murderers. Banquo is smiling because he knows that his descendants will one day rule. 5.         a. Macduff: “Bleed, bleed, poor country!/ Great tyranny, lay thou thy basis sure,/ For goodness dare not check thee. Wear thou thy wrongs; The title is affeered.

” (4.3.39-42).            b.

Bleed, bleed, poor country. Great king, build yourself up, because no good person could stand up to you. Enjoy everything bad you have done, since your title is safe.           c. Macduff is personifying his country to add dramatic effect.

Bleed, bleed is symbolizing the damage and pain Scotland has gone through. Macduff’s affection to his own country leads him relate the country to a human being. 6.       a. Malcolm: “I grant him bloody, / Luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful, / Sudden, malicious, smacking of every sin / That has a name.

But there’s no bottom, none, /In my voluptuousness. Your wives, your daughters, / Your matrons, and your maids could not fill up/ The cistern of my lust, and my desire/ All continent impediments would o’erbear/ That did oppose my will. / Better Macbeth/ Than such an one to reign.” (4.3.

70-73).         b.  I know that Macbeth is murderous, lying, and deceitful, guilty of every sin. But there is not bottom to my sexual desires. Your wives, daughters, matrons, and maids could not fill my lust. My desire could never be stopped.

Macbeth would be a better king than me.         c.  Blood is used in this passage negatively. Malcolm knows that Macbeth is bloody/ murderous- but Malcolm says that he is worse.

The violent acts Macbeth has done is better than what Malcolm would do to every woman if he could. 7.     a. Macduff: Fit to govern? / No, not to live. – O nation miserable, / with an untitled tyrant bloody-sceptered,/ when shalt thou see thy wholesome days again..” (4.

3.120-123).        b. Fit to be king? You’re not fit to live. Our nation is miserable. Will our miserable country, ruled by a terrible king, ever see happy days again?        c.

Bloody-sceptered creates a negative connotation in this passage. Macduff is referring to Macbeth, who has brought shame into Scotland. The deeds he has done create a bad reputation for his beloved country. d.

General Conclusions for Act 4: The witches used blood to call on all of the apparitions. The blood represents all of the blood that has been shed because of Macbeth. The use of the pig’s blood who ate her nine offspring also foreshadows Macbeth’s later murder of Banquo’s children. Blood is also used to characterize Macbeth, as well as the country of Scotland because of Macbeth’s violent actions as king. e.

Blood in Macbeth: The word blood is used throughout Macbeth both literally and figuratively. The constant use of it reminds the reader of the consequences of all of the characters decisions. When Duncan’s murder is being planned, Macbeth sees a floating dagger pointing towards Duncan’s room. The dagger then becomes covered in blood, foreshadowing a later murder by a dagger. After the murder of Duncan, blood becomes more and more apparent, while Macbeth and Lady Macbeth become more and more guilty. In the beginning of the play, Lady Macbeth instigates murder, telling macbeth “My hands are of your colour, but I shame / To wear a heart so white” (2.

2.24). At first, she washes the blood off easily, feeling no guilt at all. Blood then starts to haunt her when she watched Macbeth murder the guards. In act 5, scene 1, she continuously washes off the blood of her and her husband’s victims while sleepwalking.

As she sleeps, she is remembering the details of the murder of Lady Macduff, Duncan, and Banquo. In Act 2, Scene 2, Macbeth states “Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood/ Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather /The multitudinous seas incarnadine, / Making the green one red” (2.2.

77-81). All great Neptune’s ocean represents the extent of the guilt that Macbeth feels. Nor can the blood or the guilt be washed off of Lady Macbeth or Macbeth’s hands. Blood shows both Lady macbeth and Macbeth’s character development. Lady macbeth at first has a cold and careless attitude towards the murders, then transforms into a guilt- ridden woman.

Macbeth, on the other hand, starts off as guilty, but progresses to a cold hearted killer as the play goes on. The use of the word blood helps the audience to see how tragedy changed many characters in the play.

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