the repetition of initial identical consonant sounds. or vowel sounds in successive words or syllables
repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row.
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this is a deliberate form of repeition and helps make the writer’s point more coherent.
a figure of speech in which the name of one object is subsituted for that of another closely associated with it
word or phrase used two or more times in close proximity
a writer’s attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diciton, figurative language, and organization of the sentence
language describing ideas and qualities rrather than observable or specific things, people, or places. the observable of physicla is using described in concrete language
a writer’s attempt to remove himself or herself from any subjective, personal involvement in a story
arguments that draw on recongnized experts or persons with highly relevant experience are said to rest on authoritative backing or authority. readers are expevted to accept claims if they are in agreement with an authority’s view
an expression used in informal conversation but not accepted universally in formal writing or speech
an event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way.
also the manner of expression of such an event or situation may be ambiguous
an indirect reference to something with which the reader is supposed to be familiar
sentence which begins with the main idea and then expands on that idea with a series of details or other particulars
a blancing of two opposite or contrasting words, phrases or clauses
rather than the dictionary definition, that associations suggested by a word. implied meaning rather than literal meaning or denotation
a work of fiction or nonfiction is asid to be unified if all the parts are related to one central idea or organizing principle. is dependant on coherence
a word or words, either figurative or literal, used to describe a sensory experience or an object perceived by the senses.
always a concerte representation
a figurative comparison of two things, often dissimilar, with the use of connecting words “like” or “as”
when a reader is aware of a reality that differs from a character’s perception of reality
sentence consisting of three or more very short independent clauses joined by conjuctinos
when a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain rather than probable. sweeping generalizations occur when a write asserts that a claim applies to all instances instead of some
an individual instance taken to be representative of a general pattern
a comparison of two things, often unrelated. a figurative verbal equation results where both parts illuminate one another
the use of images, especially in a pattern of related images, often figurative, to create a strong, unified sensory impression
the purifying of the emotions or leieving of emtional tensions; an empathetic identification with others
qualities of a fictional or nonfictional work that evoke sorrow or pity
when a writer musters relevant opposing arguments