the formation of a word, as cuckoo, meow, honk, or boom, by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.
Point of View
the position of the narrator in relation to the story, as indicated by the narrator’s outlook from which the events are depicted and by the attitude toward the characters.
Also called storyline. the plan, scheme, or main story of a literary or dramatic work, as a play, novel, or short story.
the locale or period in which the action of a novel, play, film, etc.
, takes place.
the adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work. (the bad guy)
a word that names or signifies something specific: “Wind” is the denotation for air in natural motion.
“Poodle” is the denotation for a certain breed of dog.
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning: the irony of her reply, “How nice!” when I said I had to work all weekend.
the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively: the dim imagery of a dream.
the person that is used by the speaker of an utterance in referring to anything or to anyone other than the speaker or the one or ones being addressed.
to show or indicate beforehand; prefigure: Political upheavals foreshadowed war.
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as “to wait an eternity.”
the highest or most intense point in the development or resolution of something; culmination: His career reached its climax when he was elected president.
a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest.
a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in “she is like a rose.” Compare metaphor.
the creation and convincing representation of fictitious characters.
Elements of Fiction
There are six main elements of fiction. They are, Plot, Setting, Character, Conflict, Symbol, and Point of View.
the person used by a speaker in referring to the one or ones to whom he or she is speaking: in English you is a second person pronoun.
a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication: an allusion to Shakespeare.
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop.
a particular kind, sort, or type, as with reference to form, appearance, or character: the baroque style; The style of the house was too austere for their liking.
any sound considered with reference to its quality, pitch, strength, source, etc.
: shrill tones.
the commencement of two or more words of a word group with the same letter, as in apt alliteration’s artful aid.
something used for or regarded as representing something else; a material object representing something, often something immaterial; emblem, token, or sign.
of the nature of or involving a figure of speech, especially a metaphor; metaphorical and not literal, as in figurative language .
the aggregate of features and traits that form the individual nature of some person or thing.
the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure.
a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly.”
a formal expression of opinion or intention made, usually after voting, by a formal organization, a legislature, a club, or other group. Compare concurrent resolution, joint resolution.
a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “A mighty fortress is our God.” Compare mixed metaphor, simile.
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes an important inner change, as a change in personality or attitude: Ebeneezer Scrooge is a dynamic character.
the grammatical person used by a speaker in statements referring to himself or herself or to a group including himself or herself, as I and we in English.
the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning: A possible connotation of “home” is “a place of warmth, comfort, and affection.
a person who gives an account or tells the story of events, experiences, etc.a person who adds spoken commentary to a film, television program, slide show, etc.
to come into collision or disagreement; be contradictory, at variance, or in opposition; clash: The account of one eyewitness conflicted with that of the other.
My class conflicts with my going to the concert.
a device in the narrative of a motion picture, novel, etc., by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work.
a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic: The need for world peace was the theme of the meeting.
a prevailing emotional tone or general attitude: the country’s mood.
the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work.