Famine – state in which organism can be connected with shortage or absence of food; feeling of futility caused by absence of food; scary famine, work famished, suffer because of famine, perish (with famine), weaken because of famine, famine harass someone, tease, gets in one’s hairThis short definition doesn’t tell anything about how it truly looks like. Numbers are scary, horrible but veritable.Every 3, 6 second someone famishedAbout 815 million of people suffer from famine and undernourishment160 million of kids suffer from famineEvery year 15 million of kids die from famineAbout 183 million of kids weight less that they shouldFamine. In our times it is probably the biggest problem on the world.
Where should we looking for the reasons? What can we do? How can we help? These questions are very common today, but the help is still too small. A famine is a phenomenon in which a large percentage of the population of a region or country is undernourished and death by starvation. Famine was so well known for thousand years and people suffer from it also in the ancient world.Famine was one of the biblical four horsemen of the Apocalypse. In spite of the much better technological and economic resources of the modern world, in spite of million people who want to help – famine still strikes many parts of the world, mostly in the developing nations. Famine is associated with many aspects of nature, economy, administration, political situation, naturally-occurring crop failure and pestilence, artificially with war and genocide. Africa, Asia, and South America – these regions are at the highest place on the famine list.
Bangladesh, Somalia, Ethiopia, Peru in this places number of human who suffer from famine is the biggest. I am going to show how important and scary the famine is. We must do something because it can be too late.South America – PeruModern famines have often occurred in nations that, as a whole, were not suffering a shortage of food. When we want to talk about famine in Peru, we must firstly know something about conditions in this country, natural environment and causes of famine which are in this point strongly connected with nature.The mountains share Peru into three geographic areas. To the west of the Andes lie the coastal lowlands.
To the east is the upper Amazon basin and in the middle are the Andean highlands or Sierra. Peru has a temperate climate along the coast which is influenced by a cold ocean current – Humboldt. Rainy season starts from June ends in October and conditions are cooler in the Andes with the rainy season from October to April while the Selva has a tropical climate with humid and hot conditions from October to March.We can call Peru as a one of the poorest countries in the whole Latin America, and its people have long suffered the effects of a struggling economy. Inflation has been as high as 8,000 percent in recent years.
What more, more than half of Peru’s nation has been unemployed or underemployed. The financial crisis has created hardships and very bad circumstances for residents. Many families also with little children live without adequate sanitation and without a source of safe water, and more than half of the population lacks access to health care services.
Sometimes problem is no money but sometimes also absence of medicines. Poverty, poorness is a serious problem afflicting half of all residents. 20% of the families are extremely poor and do not have enough food to properly feed their children. Peruvians typically try to earn a living from mining, fishing, or agriculture.Nature also isn’t their confederate.
El Niï¿½o is the name given to the occasional development of warm surface waters in the Pacific Ocean along the coast of equatorial South America. El Niï¿½o occurs roughly every 2 to 7 years, usually around Christmas, and lasts usually for a few weeks or months. Peru is also affected very heavily by El Niï¿½o. It caused a big drop in economic resources there.
The people depended fully on anchovies off the coast of Peru. In 1970, Peru supplied one twelfth of the world’s fish according to weight. Anchovies were the main thing caught. In 1972, stocks tremendously dropped, because of El Niï¿½o and too much fishing. Two years later another one hit and stocks fell even lower, to where they couldn’t reproduce themselves. In 1975, Fisheries minister stopped fishing off the coast of Peru. The stocks will never recover, but sardines have replaced the anchovies.
It all caused the famine. Even though we will try to help Peruvians to make their politics and economy better we couldn’t change the nature..
.Asia – western IndiaIndia – country in which lives million of people, country witch is very differential if we talk about culture and religion, country from which many remarkable people come. On the other side we can see famine. How it can be when on the streets we can see fat and well fed cows?Ancient sources tell us about huge famine defeats. Peoples say that whole provinces were desolate in 1022 and 1052.
After the British colonization in 1756 India for twelve times labored famine.India has three major seasons: Summer, Winter, and the monsoon. The summer months (April – June) are hot in most parts of India.
The winter months (November – March) are pleasant throughout India with bright sunny days. Winter is more severe in the northern plains, and in the foot hills of the Himalayas, while the southern, eastern and western zones of India remain pleasantly cool. The monsoons break at the beginning of June on the South-west coast of India, and gradually break at all parts of the country, except south-eastern areas. These areas receive most of their rainfall between mid-October and end-December.Today in India the main way to earn food is to be a farmer.
More than 3/4 of population are farmers. About the half of India territory is used for agriculture. Some parts of these areas are watered but most of them are dependant on summer monsoons which aren’t at the same time every year and it caused dry weathers and lost of fruits. The most popular there is rice and wheat, millet and corn.
Industrial agriculture is cotton and tea. From this information we can conclude that probably everything is going in the right way. True is different. Agriculture in India isn’t effective. They live without mechanization, pesticides, and new techniques of agriculture.
Agriculture in India is under – developed, primitive. It can’t give food for so many people.Next problem in India is overpopulation. India as a first country in Asia tied to control the birth rate but without good results. For example in 1998 only 41% of marriages used the contraceptives.What more the big problem is also religion. Hinduism forbids killing cows.
They give people milk, natural dung, but it is too small. Advantages of eating meat could be bigger.The last one are conflicts. The most important is this about the Kashmir. Both countries have nuclear bombs and prognoses aren’t good.
With today’s problems with economy India can’t prove agriculture or education. Forecasts are really distressing.Africa – EthiopiaPeople in Ethiopia through the ages, have faced frequent natural disasters, armed conflict, and political repression, and in the process they have suffered hunger, societal disruption, and death.Ethiopia is today one of the world’s poorest countries and it is still facing food shortages. Despite work done in response to previous famines, most notably in the 1980s, the underlying factor of poverty has yet to be adequately addressed by the international community. Drought in 2002 has brought Ethiopia to the brink of disaster and images of emaciated, malnourished children, and cattle carcasses, are beginning to appear again. More than 11 million Ethiopians face serious food shortages and possible starvation.
According to C.A. Wood famine incidences caused by droughts on Ethiopia goes back to 11th century. Some even refer as far back as to 253 B.
C. And between 1900 and now, about 19 famine periods were registered in the country’s history. What is really alarming the period of next periods is getting smaller and shorter year after the year.
We can ask – what are the causes of famine? Natural causes are at the first place dry and unpleasant climate and droughts caused by unfavorable rainfalls. To the mad – made causes we can rank low production and income, abandoning fallow practices, loss of soil fertility, and diminished coping capacity of rural population. In Ethiopia we can meet also other problems. Increasing demand for fuel energy and construction: deforestation, loss of soil and water resources is very hard to change.
There are also many problems with development policies and strategies like lack of appropriate settlement policy that considers land use and carrying capacity, lack of emphasis for urbanization and non farm economics activity in country.Children are dieing, suffering from famine. The picture of Ethiopia day by day looks worse.
We must react! We must do something.What we can do?It is very difficult to appropriately answer this question. There are many ways in which we could help people who suffer from famine, but lots of them simply don’t work.Firstly in my opinion we should give the responsibility to work of organizations like Red Cross or UNESCO. One person can’t do so much as groups of people could. I know that there are many speculations about the ways in which charity organizations work, but I think we should trust them.
Collecting clothes, food which can’t go bad quickly is the best way to help such organizations. Not money or doles but true things which can be use.I think that great idea is also to sponsor poor children in countries where people are starving. Children loose their homes, families, parents. Even little help can be important and can make that smile will appear at their faces.I my opinion also in school for example in my country teenagers should make some whip rounds and make the action – children for children, or schools in Poland for schools e.
g. in Ethiopia.I consider that more information should be given to institutes which can help like universities or pharmacies and also all people around the world. People should know exactly what is going on and why to help and be sure that their help is useful.
What more I consider that giving the help for teaches people in poor countries also can be useful. Then, they could help themselves after some time and they could believe in themselves.