Which of the following choices arranges plot stages in the correct order?a) Denouement, complication, exposition, climax b) Discovery, complication, reversal of fortune, exposition c) Exposition, discovery, turning point, climax d) Exposition, complication, climax, denouement
d) Exposition, complication, climax, denouement The correct answer is D. The correct order of plot stages is exposition, complication, climax, and denouement.
Consider these lines from the first stanza of Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven”:While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. ‘Tis some visitor,’ I muttered, ‘tapping at my chamber door.
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..’ Poe makes heavy use of which of the following poetic devices?a) personification b) sibilance c) onomatopoeia d) enjambment
c) onomatopoeiaThe correct answer is C. Poe makes heavy use of onomatopoeia (for example his use of “tapping” and “rapping” in the poem).
A short story writer who calls one of her characters a Benedict Arnold is using what literary device?a) allegory b) allusion c) simile d) personification
b) allusionThe correct answer is B.
She is using allusion to suggest that her character is treacherous (since Benedict Arnold was a famous American traitor).
A character that functions as a foil is used to __________.a) serve as the primary opponent of the protagonist b) narrate the actions of other characters c) serve as the intermediary between the protagonist and the antagonist d) emphasize and highlight the qualities or features of the protagonist or other characters
d) emphasize and highlight the qualities or features of the protagonist or other characters The correct answer is D. A foil character is used to emphasize and highlight the qualities or features of the protagonist or other characters.
_________ places more emphasis on structure than prose does, and readers are able to “create” the story according to their own interests.a) Comic books b) Graphic novels c) Short stories d) Hypertext fiction
d) Hypertext fiction The correct answer is D.
Hypertext fiction puts writing into electronic format with embedded links that create narrative options for both the reader and writer.
A literary technique that makes a comparison using the words “like” or “as?a) metaphor b) simile c) personification d) imagery
b) simileThe correct answer is B. A simile is a literary technique that makes a comparison using the words “like” or “as.?
A verse from Robert Frost’s “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” is reproduced below. The verse is an example of which of the following poetic techniques?My little horse must think it queerTo stop without a farmhouse nearBetween the woods and frozen lakeThe darkest evening of the year.a) superlative rhyme b) internal rhyme c) end rhyme d) none of the above
c) end rhymeThe correct answer is C. The rhyming words in the excerpt are placed at the end of each line.
This is an example of an end rhyme.
A formal essay is also called _________ and is used to explain a process, persuade and audience, or inform a reader.a) a personal essay b) an impersonal essay c) a novel d) pros
b) an impersonal essayThe correct answer is B. The formal essay is called “impersonal” as it is primarily concerned with achieving its purpose (to explain, persuade, or inform).
Which of the following statements about fiction as a genre is false?a) Fiction could refer to plays, movies, and other genres.
b) Fiction lacks artistic qualities but has many entertainment qualities. c) History, science, legend, myth, and everyday events can be blended with personal imagination to create fiction. d) The term “fiction” is most often applied to novels, novellas, and short stories.
b) Fiction lacks artistic qualities but has many entertainment qualities. The correct answer is B. Fiction often has artistic qualities as well as entertainment qualities.
When a playwright attempts to express the inner life of the human mind rather than the external world, he or she is employing the dramatic style called _________.
a) naturalism b) romanticism c) symbolism d) Expressionism
d) Expressionism The correct answer is D. Expressionism in drama simplifies plot, setting, and action in order to maximize psychological states of characters.
The development of which type of literature occurred during the Enlightenment as the availability of paper and printing processes increased?a) Nonfiction b) Fiction c) Comics d) Poems
a) Nonfiction The correct answer is A.
As the capacity to produce written materials increased during the Enlightenment, recording knowledge for the sake of knowledge became possible.
Which of the following is a nonfiction work?a) Pride and Prejudice b) The Castle of Otranto c) The Gallic War d) Utopia
c) The Gallic WarThe correct answer is C. The Gallic War is a nonfiction work.
_________ is a form of symbolism through sound created by using words that imitate sounds being described.a) Epithet b) Synecdoche c) Pun d) Onomatopoeia
d) Onomatopoeia The correct answer is D. Onomatopoeias use language whose sound imitates that which it names (such as “gurgle” or “hiss”).
Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels uses allegory, absurdity, and exaggeration to ________________.a) expose the worst of human nature, comment on the politics of the British government, and parody the travel narratives popular at the time. b) criticize the absurdity of military bureaucracy c) criticize the lavish living style of the French bourgeoisie d) comment on the flawed structure of Stalin’s communism
a) expose the worst of human nature, comment on the politics of the British government, and parody the travel narratives popular at the time. The correct answer is A. Swift uses allegory, absurdity, and exaggeration to expose the worst of human nature, comment on the politics British government, and parody the popular travel narratives at the time.
A short poem, often satirical, with a witty or ingenious ending is called an ___________.a) epithet b) epigram c) elegy d) ode
b) epigram The correct answer is B. A short poem, often satirical, with a witty or ingenious ending is an epigram.
George Orwell’s Animal Farm uses allegory and absurdity to criticize communism. This is an example of which literary form?a) Essay b) Satire c) Nonfiction d) Drama
b) Satire The correct answer is B. Satire is a literary form that blends humor and scorn to expose the vices and foolishness of a particular subject.
All nonfiction works have the following characteristic in common:a) They strive to represent facts. b) They emphasize the creative explication of an idea. c) They are completely accurate.
d) They further philosophical thought.
a) They strive to represent facts. The correct answer is A.
All nonfiction works strive to represent facts.
What is the ideal way to read a play?a) By ignoring everything that is not dialogue b) All in one sitting c) Intermittently; stopping to analyze and ask questions d) Plays can only be experienced as a theatrical performance
b) All in one sittingThe correct answer is B. If a play is read, it should be read completely, start to finish, including preface, introduction, stage directions, and notes.
Which literary element describes a recurring idea within a piece of literature?a) Motif b) Theme c) Style d) Plot
a) Motif The correct answer is A. A motif in literature is a recurring subject, theme, or idea.
A _________ is a fourteen-line rhyming poem.
a) ballad b) lyric c) sonnet d) pun
c) sonnet The correct answer is C. A sonnet is a short poem, typically one stanza, of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter.