the repetition of similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginnings of words.
Some bold soul slips by me and I sigh
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds.
A land laid waste with all its young men slain…
the rhythmical pattern of a poem.
the use of words whose sound suggests their meaning.
buzz, hiss, honk
the repetition of sounds at the end of words.
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem.
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, or beats, in spoken and written language (see also meter)
the arrangement of materials within a poem; the relationship of the parts of a poem to the whole; the logical divisions of a poem.
a two-line stanza, usually with the same end rhymes.
a line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a punctuation mark of some kind.
the continuation of the sense of grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next.
a group of lines in a poem, considered as a unit; like paragraphs in prose
using words to mean something other than their literal (or factual) meaning.
an exaggeration that creates humor, emphasizes particular points, and/or creates dramatic effects.
“I’ve got a million things to do!”
words that appeal to one or more of the five senses; sensory language
a figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else. It works by pointing out a similarity between two things.
a black bat night
a type of language in which an inanimate subject is given human characteristics.
the sun grinned, the rain danced
makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as.
quiet as a mouse, good as gold
anything that stands for or represents something else; concrete objects that represent abstract ideas.
Winter or cold represents death
a songlike poem that tells a story, often one dealing with adventure and romance.
a poem with a shape that suggests its subject.
poetry that is not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or set rhyme scheme
a highly musical poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker.
a story told in verse (poetic form). It often possesses the elements of fiction, such as characters, conflict, and plot.
a fourteen-line poem, often written in iambic pentameter.
the feeling or atmosphere created by the poem
the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem.
the attitude toward the subject and audience conveyed by the language and rhythm of the speaker