FIS Grade 8 Poetry Terms

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Last updated: December 8, 2019

alliteration
the repetition of similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginnings of words.

alliteration
Some bold soul slips by me and I sigh

assonance
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds.

assonance
A land laid waste with all its young men slain…

meter
the rhythmical pattern of a poem.

onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sound suggests their meaning.

onomatopoeia
buzz, hiss, honk

rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the end of words.

rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem.

rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, or beats, in spoken and written language (see also meter)

structure
the arrangement of materials within a poem; the relationship of the parts of a poem to the whole; the logical divisions of a poem.

couplet
a two-line stanza, usually with the same end rhymes.

end-stopped
a line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a punctuation mark of some kind.

enjambment
the continuation of the sense of grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next.

stanza
a group of lines in a poem, considered as a unit; like paragraphs in prose

figurative language
using words to mean something other than their literal (or factual) meaning.

hyperbole
an exaggeration that creates humor, emphasizes particular points, and/or creates dramatic effects.

hyperbole
“I’ve got a million things to do!”

imagery
words that appeal to one or more of the five senses; sensory language

metaphor
a figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else. It works by pointing out a similarity between two things.

metaphor
a black bat night

personification
a type of language in which an inanimate subject is given human characteristics.

personification
the sun grinned, the rain danced

simile
makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as.

simile
quiet as a mouse, good as gold

symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else; concrete objects that represent abstract ideas.

symbol
Winter or cold represents death

ballad
a songlike poem that tells a story, often one dealing with adventure and romance.

concrete poem
a poem with a shape that suggests its subject.

free verse
poetry that is not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or set rhyme scheme

lyric
a highly musical poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker.

narrative
a story told in verse (poetic form). It often possesses the elements of fiction, such as characters, conflict, and plot.

sonnet
a fourteen-line poem, often written in iambic pentameter.

mood
the feeling or atmosphere created by the poem

speaker
the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem.

tone
the attitude toward the subject and audience conveyed by the language and rhythm of the speaker

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