Freshman poetry terms

abstract languageex. god, education, vice, transportation, poetry, war, love
sometimes called rhetoric, figurative, or conceptual language. It refers to things that are intanglible, that is, which are perceived not through the senses but by the mind, such as truth.

alliterationex. Mickey Mouse; Peter Piper
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

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a reference to another work of literature, person, or event

assonanceex. Thou foster child of silence and slow time
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

cacophonyex. Breakers crashed onto jagged rocks and clawed the sand with brutal stikes
Harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance


I love hime to death adn I just know we will live happily ever after

an expression that has been overused to the extent that its freshness has worn off

colloquialismex. “What’s up”
a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing (y’all, ain’t)

concrete languageex. spoon, hot, walking, smile
Language that describes specific, observable things, people, or places, rather than ideas or qualities.


home connotates family, love, warmth, and comfort

an idea that is implied or suggested

cononanceex. These words these are i think i know.His house is in a village though
repetition of internal or ending consonant sounds of words close together in poetry;

contrast: juxtapositionex. Strange Fruit juxtaposes smells, putting “scent of magnolia” and the “smell of burning flesh” in the same line
the act of positioning close together (or side by side)


I think I shall never SEE A poem as lovely as a TREE

a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse

denotationex. to go from one place to another is a journey
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression

the manner in which something is expressed in words

end rhymeex. I think I shall never SEE A poem as lovely as a TREE
rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

euphonyex. A sweet breeze pleases me
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds

figurative language
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.

hyperboleex. mile high ice cream cone
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

iambic pentameterex. A horse, a horse, a kingdom for a horse
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

internal rhymeex. Bring fresh SHOWERS for the thirsting FLOWERS
a rhyme between words in the same line

Irony: verbalex. A girl goes on and on about how she would never hurt an animal yet is wearing a leather belt
words say one thing, but mean something different

Irony: dramatic
irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.

Irony: situationalex. A fish that drowns
A situation or event that is the opposite of what is or might be expected

literal language
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.

metaphorex. My family is a rich tapestry of personalities bound together by affection and respect.
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

extended metaphor
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a description.

onomatopoeiaex. Swish, gurgle
using words that imitate the sound they denote

representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature

the act of doing again

be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable

rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements

when the author’s tone, style, or dictino change in the course of the poem


Her hair was as soft as silk

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’)

someone who expresses in languageNOT the author

an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.

a stanza of four lines

something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible

a system of symbols and symbolic representations

of one’s speech, varying the pitch

the atmosphere created in writing

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

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