Game poetry terms

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: November 30, 2019

POETRY
A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)

POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY
The poet is the author of the poem,The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.

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POETRY FORM
FORM – the appearance of the words on the page

POETRY FORM
LINE – a group of words together on one line of the poem

POETRY FORM
STANZA – a group of lines arranged together

Couplet
a two line stanza

Triplet (Tercet)
a three line stanza

Quatrain
a four line stanza

Quintet
a five line stanza

Sestet (Sextet)
a six line stanza

Septet
a seven line stanza

Octave
an eight line stanza

RHYTHM
The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem,Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain

METER
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

METER cont.
foot

TYPES OF FEET (cont.

)

Iambic,Trochaic,Anapestic,Dactylic

END RHYME
A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

INTERNAL RHYME
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.

NEAR RHYME
a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme

RHYME SCHEME
rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).

ONOMATOPOEIA
Words that imitate the sound they are naming:BUZZ

ALLITERATION
Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

CONSONANCE
Similar to alliteration EXCEPT .The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words

ASSONANCE
Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry.

REFRAIN
A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

LYRIC
A short poem

HAIKU
A Japanese poem written in three lines

CINQUAIN
A five line poem containing 22 syllables

SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET
A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.

NARRATIVE POEMS
A poem that tells a story.

CONCRETE POEMS
In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem.

SIMILE
A comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or “resembles.”

METAPHOR
A direct comparison of two unlike things

EXTENDED METAPHOR
A metaphor that goes several lines or possible the entire length of a work.

EXTENDED METAPHOR
A metaphor that goes several lines or possible the entire length of a work.

IMPLIED METAPHOR
The comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated.

Hyperbole
Exaggeration often used for emphasis.

Litotes
Understatement – basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it is ironic.

PERSONIFICATION
An animal given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities.

Idiom
An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression.

It means something other than what it actually says.

SYMBOLISM
When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else

Allusion
Allusion comes from the verb “allude” which means “to refer to”

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