Type: Proposal Essays
Sample donated: Katherine Moody
Last updated: December 20, 2019
Germany was suffering an economic depression in the 1920s.
After they made a compromise to sign the Treaty of Versailles and pay all the countries involved World War I a large sum of money, their economy slowly plunged into a recession. But then, Hitler came to power and brought Germany out of its economic state. However, this prompted German citizens to support the idea of anti-semitism which led to the Holocaust: One of the worst genocides in history. The Treaty that Led to the Mass Murder of Jews.Life in Europe was going by like a zooming motorcycle in the 1900s, but then everything came to a thundering crash. On June 28, 1914, the heir to the Austria Hungary throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, were assassinated during their visit in Sarajevo by a Serbian nationalist named Gavrilo Princip. After receiving confirmation from Kaiser Wilhelm II that Germany would fight by their side, Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia a month after the assassinations on July 28, 1914. As the war raged on, more and more countries declared war on each other turning a conflict between two countries into a tangled ball of yarn called World War 1.
It seemed as if an end to the war was non-existent, but then Germany suffered a loss of their strongest ally, Austria-Hungary. *Finally, Germany surrendered on November 11, 1918.* On January 18, 1919 The Paris Peace Conference began and dozens of leaders congregated to consider an immutable way to end the war. The leaders of the conference wereBritish Prime Minister David Lloyd George President Woodrow Wilson of the United States French Premier Georges clemenceau Premier Vittorio Orlando of ItalyThese leaders were called the Big Four Prior to the conference President Woodrow Wilson proposed a plan called the Fourteen Points its purpose was to bring a lasting peace without victory but the other 3 leaders rejected his irenic proposal and imposed more severe conditions.
After much debate, the Allied powers presented the Treaty of Versailles where German leaders to sign on May 7th 1919 The constraints of the treaty were that Germany had to relinquish their territories to Belgium and Germany would have to reduce their military: the German army had a quota of 100,000 men and the Navy could only use vessels that weigh less than 10,000 times and they could not have submarines. Along with that, Germany had to discontinue their Air Force program. Yet these conditions were considered somewhat inconsequential compared to what is stated in Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles or known as the war guilt clause. In addition 2 reducing the military and conceding their territories Germany was required 2 take full responsibility for starting World War 1. This also meant Germany had to pay 132 billion gold marks or 33 billion US dollars in reparation costs. Germans found these terms to be excessive, degrading, and ultimately, enraging.
Nonetheless, world war 1 officially ended when German leaders signed the Treaty of Versailles at Versailles Palace in the Hall of Mirrors on June 28, 1919, exactly 5 years after Archduke Ferdinand’s assassination.In the months after, Germany did what they were told They reduced their military, gave up their territories, but they were struggling to pay such a towering amount of money. Due to the war, Germany couldn’t import and export goods and all supplies went towards the war cause therefore, their economy was unstableAlong with that, Kaiser Wilhelm II put Germany into more debt by borrowing money because he sold war bonds to the public rather than increasing taxes. In the December of 1922, Germany’s economy suffered another blow when French and Belgian troops invaded the Ruhr valley to pillage goods and raw minerals to compensate for the money that Germany did not pay. Germany tried to get back on its feet by a means of social spending, but it only got worse. Proceeds from taxes began to plummet and The government became dependent on urban utilities. Feeling backed into a corner, the German treasury began printing an inordinate amount of money to pay off the debts causing prices to inflate exceedingly high. The inflation was so severe that millions of Reichsmarks were worthless and the rich suddenly became poor.
Artists depicted this economic crisis by showing people that had wheelbarrows full of money that still couldn’t afford a loaf of breadHowever, Germany’s economy did not collapse completely until the us requested to get their money from Germany because they were suffering from the great depression. This, among other things made the economy collapse.Germany’s economic distress gave rise to a new leader and government.Born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889, Adolf Hitler would be considered to the German people’s’ savior. When world war 1 broke out, Hitler applied to serve in the German army and was accepted August 1914. In 1918 when Germany surrendered, Just like many of the German people, he felt shocked and betrayed by leader and Marxists.
After the war ended, he returned to Munich, Germany and worked as an intelligence officer. In the September of 1919 Hitler joined the German Workers Party which had changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers Party commonly known as the Nazis because he supported their nationalist, anti-Semitic, and anti-Marxist ideas. In 1921, Hitler replaced Anton Drexler as party Chairman. However, he spent 9 months in prison for being involved in the Beer Hall Putsch which resulted in several deaths.
While serving his time in jail, hitler published his book Mein Kampf or My struggle. It was a book filled with propaganda and lies. Once he finished serving his sentence, Hitler ran against 84 year old, Paul von Hindenburg in 1932 and won because he won over german citizens by promising to reverse the effects of the Treaty of Versailles. Now that he was chancellor, he used his power to form a dictatorship. Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany’s economic distress since there was an oddly countless rich Jewish business owners compared to everyone else. From 1933 to 1939, Hitler and his regime put hundreds of laws into place prejudice against Jews.
On April 1,1933 Hitler effectuated a national boycott of Jewish businesses. Soon after, on April 7, The Law for restoration of Professional Civil Service was enacted which excluded Jews from state service. In addition to that, Hitler abrogated the licenses of Jewish tax consultants, and he began to regulate amounts of Jewish people in schools, universities, medical professions, and legal professions. By 1934, Actors that were Jewish were prohibited from performing in movies and theater. As time progressed, the discrimination against the Jews got worse.On September 15, 1935, the german government instituted the Nuremberg Laws that stated that anyone with three or four grandparents that were Jewish is considered to be a Jew regardless of whether they observed the religion or not. The Nuremberg Laws also imposed the Law for the protection of german blood and german honor. This law forbid marriage between jewish and non-jewish germans.
Hitler’s entire plan was to separate jews from german society and to fulfill his wish of having an Aryan race. In 1936 Hitler and his regime suppressed their discrimatory actions against jews because they were hosting the winter and summer olympics and they wanted to avoid criticism and they did not want to negatively impact tourism. However, after the Olympics,