Golden Age of Latin Literature

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Last updated: May 9, 2019

Golden Age
-Roughly 1st century BCE in period following Caesar’s death-The high point of Latin literature, overseen by Mycaenas, the emperor Augustus’ patronage agent

Why?
-Augustus brought back economic stability and had the money to bring great sophistication to Rome

Catullus
-Truly Caesarian-Extremely wealthy-Love poet who wrote 60 short carina-Epicurean and admirer of Sappho-Magnum Opus: His poems

Vergil
-Pre-Augustan and Augustan-Discovered by Mycaenas-Georgics, Eclogues-Magnum Opus: Aeneid

Horace
-Pre-Augustan and Augustan-Discovered by Mycaenas-Originator of Carpe Diem-Epodes, Satires-Magnum Opus: Odes (longer poem)

Ovid
-Truly Augustan-Banished for Ars Amatoria-Tristia, Heroides – mostly in couplets-Magnum Opus: Metamorphoses

Martial
-Silver Age-epigrammist

Juvenal
-Silver Age-16 satires in dactylic hexameter-“panem et circenses” and “who watches the watchmen?”

Silver Age Historians
-Livy (early Roman myths)-Suetonius (12 Caesars)-Tacitus (also Caesars)

Silver Age Philosophers
-Cicero (orator)-Pliny

Silver Age Playwrights
-Plautus (Amphitruo)-Terrence-Both comedy

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