Grade 11 Poetic Terms

Topics: ArtSymbolism

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: November 28, 2019

speaker
the narrator of a poem

stanza
a group of lines arranged together

couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse

rhythm
a pattern recurring at regular intervals, can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain,

meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

free verse
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern

end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

approximate rhyme
rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical. Also known as slant rhyme, imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme,

rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always); this pattern is shown with letters

onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sound they name

alliteration
consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

consonance
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds

refrain
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

simile
a comparison of two things using as or like

metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things

extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work

implied metaphor
a comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated

hyperbole
exaggeration often used for emphasis

personification
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else

allusion
a reference in a literary work to something famous, e.g. biblical, literary, historical

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

lyric poem
a short poem in first person point of view that expresses emotion

Shakespearean Sonnet
The sonnet form composed of three quatrains and a final couplet written in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg

iamb
two feet, of poetry, the first being unstressed, the second stressed

oxymoron
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms

haiku
a Japanese formula poem of five lines with 17 syllables

ballad
a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature

narrative
a form of poetry that tells a story of a situation or event in anyone’s life

quatrain
a stanza of four lines

apostrophe
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.

blank verse
unrhymed poetry that has a regular rhythm and line length, especially iambic pentameter

caesura
a pause or break within a line of poetry

diction
word choice

epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds

enjambment
the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next

foot
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm

iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

euphemism
a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term

Italian sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd. Also called a Petrachan sonnet.

Choose your subject

x

Hi!
I'm Jessica!

Don't know how to start your paper? Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from me.

Click here