Grade 7 – Elements of Literature

Topics: EntertainmentEvents

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Last updated: April 28, 2019

Dynamic characters
Characters in a story that experience change or development because of conflict.

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Foreshadowing
When a writer presents a hint or preview of something that will later be revealed in the story.

Plot
Describes the structure of a story. A series of related events, each connected.

Static characters
Characters that do not change throughout a story; their characteristics and actions rarely vary.

Conflict
Dramatic struggle between two forces in a story.

Round characters
Convincing, true to life characters; have a variety of personality traits.

Setting
Where a story takes place; the time it occurs.

Flat characters
Stereotyped, shallow, and sometimes symbolic characters; show only one or two personality traits.

Point of View
The perspective from which a story is told.

Protagonist
Main character in a story who experiences conflict.

Antagonist
Character in a story who opposes protagonist.

Theme
The central idea or message of a story.

Name the four types of conflict in a story.
Human vs. SocietyHuman vs.

NatureHuman vs. HumanHuman vs. Self

Exposition
Beginning of story, before the action starts.

Introduces the main characters, setting, and conflict.

Rising Action
Series of conflicts and crisis leading to the climax.

Climax
Turning point, most intense moment – mentally or in the action.

Falling Action
All of the action following the climax.

Resolution
Conclusion; the tying together of all the threads in the story.

3rd Person Omniscient narrator
All-knowing outsider

3rd Person Omniscient narrator
Can enter all minds

3rd Person Omniscient pronouns
He, she, him, her, they, them, it, its

3rd Person Limited narrator
Outsider

3rd Person Limited narrator
Enters only 1 mind

3rd Person Limited promouns
He, she, him, her, they, them, it, its

1st Person Limited narrator
Self

1st Person Limited narrator
Enters only 1 mind

1st Person Limited pronouns
I, me, mine, my, we, us

Without conflict there would be no plot or story
True

Setting is never another character in a story
False

A man fighting to survive a fire is an example of
Human vs. Nature

A child trying to decide whether or not he should tell a lie is an example of Human vs. Society.
False

Dynamic characters are more exciting than static characters.
True

Static characters remain the same throughout a story.
True

Dynamic characters change throughout a story.
True

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