Grade 7 – Elements of Poetry

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Last updated: December 4, 2019

meter
rhythmical pattern of a poemdetermined by the number of stresses or beats in each lineto describe the meter of a poem, read it emphasizing the beats in each line; then mark the stressed and unstressed syllables:slanted line (/) marks each strong stresshorseshoe symbol (u) marks each unstressed syllableweak and strong stresses are then divided by vertical lines (|) into groups called feet.

iamb
A common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.

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rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poemuse lowercase letters to indicate the rhyme scheme; each rhyme is assigned a different letter (ex: abab, or aabb)

free verse
poetry not written in a regular, rhythmical pattern, or meter;poet is free to write lines of any length or with any number of stresses, or beats.

couplet
is two consecutive lines of verse with end rhymes. often functions as a stanza.

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds:examples: crash, buzz, screech, hiss, neigh, jingle and cluck can help put the reader in the activity of a poem

alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds.used to draw attention to certain words or ideas, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects

stanzas
group of lines of poetry that are usually similar in length and patterseparated by spaceslike a paragraph of poetry-it states and develops a single main idea

ballad
A narrative poem, often set to music. Were used to relate tales before books were widely available, or people could read. Uses a repetitive rhyme scheme in order to be easier to memorize

sonnet
: a lyric poem of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to certain definite patterns.

It usually expresses a single, complete idea or thought with a reversal, twist, or change of direction in the concluding lines.

lyric
highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker;creates a single, unified impression

narrative
a story;can be either fiction or nonfictionnovels and short stories are types of fictional narrativesbiographies and autobiographies are nonfiction narrativespoems that stories

limerick
a humorous, rhyming, five-line poem with a specific meter and rhyme scheme;most limericks have three strong stresses in lines 1, 2 and 5 and two strong stresses in lines 3 and 4.most follow the rhyme scheme aabba

haiku
a three-line Japanese verse formfirst and third lines each have five syllables; second line has seven syllablesuses images to create a single, vivid picture, generally of a scene from nature

rhyme
repetition of sounds at the ends of words;in poems, rhymes lend a song like quality to their verses and to emphasize certain words

refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or a song

end rhymes
rhyming words at the end of lines

internal rhymes
rhyming words within linesalso emphasizes the flowing nature of a poem

slant rhymes
a rhyming sound that is not exact;rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e.

the words “stress” and “kiss”); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme

eye rhymes
rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation

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