Grade 7 Poetry Terms

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Last updated: December 11, 2019

alliteration
the repetition of similar initial (beginning) consonant sounds in order to create a musical or rhythmic effect, to emphasize key words, or to imitate sounds

concrete poem
a poem that takes the shape of the object it describes

figure of speech
where a word or words are used to create an effect and are not the literal meaning

free verse
a poem that does not use consistent meter patterns, rhyme, or any other musical pattern; it tends to follow the rhythm of natural speech

haiku
a Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, usually about nature

imagery
the creation of images using words; images relate to the five senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing)

lyric poem
a short poem that expresses the personal thoughts and feelings of the poet; may resemble a song in form or style

metaphor
a figure of speech in which two different things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another; does NOT use “like” or “as”

meter
is the rhythm established by a poem; based on the syllables and accents of the syllables

mood
the general feeling that a piece of writing creates within the reader

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

onomatopoeia
a figure of speech in which a word imitates the sound it is describing

personification
a figure of speech in which human characteristics are given to nonhuman things

paraphrase
restating a text or passage of a text in one’s own words

repetition
the repeating of words, phrases, lines, stanzas, or sounds

rhyme
is a repetition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words; usually at the end of lines

rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyming lines in a rhyming poem or in lyrics for music; it is usually referred to by using letters to indicate which lines rhyme

rhythm
the sound pattern that one hears while reading poetry

simile
a figure of speech in which two different things are compared using “like” or “as”

stanza
a grouping of lines separated from others in a poem

symbol
a person, place, or thing that represents an abstract idea or concept; something that represents something else

theme
the main idea or the lesson learned from a poem

tone
the speaker’s or narrator’s attitude towards the subject

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