Greek/Roman Gods & Heroes

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Last updated: November 28, 2019

Zeus
Greek king of the gods; was hidden by his mother Rhea so Cronus would not swallow him

Poseidon
Greek god of the sea, horses and earthquakes

Hades
Greek god of the underworld

Hestia
Greek goddess of hearth and home; sister of Zeus

Ares
Greek god of war

Pallas Athena
Greek goddess of wisdom, war and weaving

Phoebus Apollo
Greek and Roman god of the sun, music, poetry and medicine

Aphrodite
Greek goddess of love and beauty

Hermes
Greek messenger-god; god of travelers and thieves

Artemis
Greek goddess of moon and hunting; patroness of maidens

Hephaestus
Greek god of fire; forger of armor

Hera
Greek queen of gods; goddess of marriage; her special bird was the peacock

Jupiter
Roman name for Zeus

Neptune
Roman name for Poseidon

Pluto
Roman name for Hades

Vesta
Roman name for Hestia

Mars
Roman name for Ares

Minerva
Roman name for Pallas Athena

Venus
Roman name for Aphrodite

Mercury
Roman name for Hermes

Diana
Roman name for Artemis

Vulcan
Roman name for Hephaestus

Juno
Roman name for Hera

Gaea
Mother Earth; mother of titans, cyclopes, and giants

Cyclopes
One-eyed children of Mother Earth and Father Heaven

Uranus
Father Heaven

Cronus
The titan who rebelled against Father Heaven; He swallowed his children out of fear that one would overthrow him

Furies
Born of the blood of Cronus; their job is to pursue sinners

Prometheus
He gave humanity the gift of fire and helped in the creation of man; was punished for many years by being chained to rock and having his liver eaten out each day by an eagle

Pandora
Her curiosity unleashed evil upon the world

Atlas
His punishment from Zeus was to carry the skyupon his shoulders

Hope
The final gift left in the box opened by Pandora

Deucalion and Pyrrha
The only two survivors of the flood caused by Zeus

Eros
Greek god of love; son of Aphrodite; often shown blindfolded

Cupid
Roman name for Eros

Hebe
Greek goddess of youth; daughter of Zeus and Hera; cupbearer to the Gods

Iris
Greek goddess of the rainbow

Graces
Three sisters who represent the favor of the gods and beauty; daughters of Zeus and Euronyme

Muses
Nine sisters who give song and inspiration to humanity; daughters of Zeus and Mnemonsyne (Memory)

Nemesis
The personification of Righteous Anger

Triton
Trumpeter of the sea

Nereids
The nymphs of the sea; named after their father

Proteus
Had the power to change shape and foretell the future; son/companion of Poseidon

Naiads
Water nymphs who lived in brooks, springs and fountains

Persephone
Queen of the underworld; kidnapped by Hades and forced to stay in the Underworld for six months of every year after eating six pomegranate seeds

Tartarus and Erebus
Two divisions of the underworld

Charon
The boatman of the underworld; he ferries the dead souls across a river

Virgil
The Roman poet who describes the underworld in detail

Styx
The river in the underworld by which the gods make their oaths

Lethe
The river of forgetfulness in the underworld

Demeter
Greek goddess of the corn; daughter of Cronus and Rhea

Ceres
Roman name for Demeter

Dionysus
Greek god of wine and fertility

Bacchus
Roman name for Dionysus

Pan
Hermes’ son; part goat and part man; born in Arcady; liked to play reed pipes

Castor and Pollux
Sons of Leda; special protectors of sailors

Satyrs
The goat-men

Dryads
The nymphs of trees; each one’s life was bound up with that of her tree

Aeolus
King of the winds

Centaurs
The creatures who were half horse and half man

Chiron
The wisest of the centaurs

Gorgons
Dragon-like creatures with wings, whose looks turn people to stone

Graiae
Three gray women who shared one eye between them

Sirens
Women with enchanting voices whose singing lured sailors to their death

Oreads
Nymphs of the mountains

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