Hatshepsut in history. When she ruled she did


          Hatshepsut was possibly the greatest
pharaoh, female pharaoh, in history. When she ruled she did not come to power
with war, nor did she even engage in violence. She ruled brilliantly.
Hatshepsut’s reign was, above all, a peak period for the
arts in Egypt. Many of her artifacts have survived till this day that almost
every major museum in the world has some artifact from when she reigned. “She has become one of the most celebrated and
controversial women of Egypt and the ancient world in general.” (Ancient
History Encyclopedia) Even
in the MET (Metropolitan Art Museum) in New York, there is an entire hallway
that is devoted to the Queen.

Near the entrance of the Egyptian hallway there stands a pink
granite statue, eleven feet high, which had also been reconstructed, the very
Large Kneeling Statue of the Pharaoh herself Hatshepsut, during the year 1479. She
strides in a devotional posture with arms straight down and palms facing up
towards the sky which she is holding round shaped vessels which are offerings.
These pots are called Nu-pots, simply water pots. Against the front of a
triangular Kilt that ends above her knees. Hatshepsut is shown here as a male
king, with a false beard, broad shoulders and no sign of breasts. On her head
is also a crown signifying Upper Egypt. There lies at the base, an engraving on
this magnificent statue that explains the offering she is making to the god’s during
that time.

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          With her knees apart and her feet
close together in the back, showing detail of her toes, her posture is so
demure, like she had been brought up with discipline. It is Hatshepsut’s facial
features, though that gives the statue a personal character, her rounded face, the
lack of any meaning, with the fainted hieroglyphics on the back. Large, eyes
that are very wide under her stylishly arched brows that are firm, her lips
show a faint smile to create the impression that she was a ruler and knew how
to be a leader with purpose.

“Hatshepsut lived in a
golden age of Egypt, New Kingdom 18th dynasty, which includes other famous
pharaohs and queens such as Thutmose III, Nefertiti, and Tutankhamun. Unlike
Tutankhamun, Hatshepsut has no treasure-filled burial tomb, but she constructed
a magnificent rock-cut temple at Deir el-Bahri.” (Kids, Travel for) and also Amasis II. Hatshepsut’s
statues are in the same style, her pose for each one because she compared herself
to the successful and glorious pharaohs of the past, she pushed her future achievements.

          Amasis II was a great pharaoh, during
the 26th Century of the Egyptian reign. Being the last ruler at the
time he became King during an army revolt, obtaining the throne. Amasis had built
many temples and had encouraged the merchants of Greek to settle in the city of
Ancient Egypt. Amasis did not grow up royally, but he became king when the army
rebelled against Apries. On the other hand, he was a leader who cultivated good
relationships with both the lower classed and the wealthy foreigners.

Compared the to the Kneeling statue of Hatshepsut was the
kneeling statue of this King who was made with bronze, made with leaf and
inlay. The childlike appearance of this kneeling King Amasis statuette has the
same characteristics as Hatshepsut, but is also missing a few qualities that
make it different. With its large head and headdress, beautiful features such
as the nose and eyes, the plump arms at the side, his short legs in a kneeling
position, this is a realistic characteristic of a metal royal statue made
during the Late Period. Far more realistic than Hatshepsut, this work,
testifies to the high level of artistry attained during his rule.

          The statue of Amasis is a solid figure;
his limbs were all integrally casted. Comparing to Hatshepsut, Amasis’s
forearms were damaged in antiquity, probably when the figure was broken from
its base. He is holding also the nu-pots as well, and there is also no sign of
a beard, but his kilt is far more detailed than Hatshepsut’s. There is a
resemblance in both of them, the powerful broad shoulders and head, knowing both
were made to look like a ruler.

          Queen Hatshepsut and King Amasis are worth
studying in ancient Egypt. The woman Pharaoh had just the same influential
power as the future King, both their methods of acquiring and holding onto
power suggested a darker side to their reign and characters. Hatshepsut’s
statue really was empowering, the fact that she ruled as not just a politician,
but also a stateswoman for 20 years and it shows in the work of art. Compared
to the smaller statue of Amasis, when you walk into the room filled with many
other statues, the massive statue of the kneeling Hatshepsut will always catch
your eye. “Now my heart turns this way and that, as I think what the people
will say—those who shall see my monuments in years to come, and who shall speak
of what I have done.” (Hatshepsut, Smithsonian)


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