Havasupai, that is a division of the Hokan

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Last updated: August 30, 2019

Havasupai, an American Indian tribeliving at the bottom of the Grand Canyon for more than 800 years and also knownas Blue-Green water people. Havasupai people’s origin was in west known asSpirit Mountains in Clerk Berry, Nevada (Nation Voices, 2014). They came thereat the time of inter-reservations by Government. Main reason to migrate fromthere to Grand Canyon was population. Havasupai tribe found 60 years lateramong all American Indian tribes. They speak a northeastern Yuman (written language for almost 25 years) thatis a division of the Hokan linguistic family.

They cultivated their land byplanting squash, corn, beans during Spring and Summer and they moved to highelevation upland near canyon where they would hunt (mainly Sheep and Deer butalso Squirrels and Rabbit) during Fall and Winter (Leave the couch and Go,2016).Main responsibilities of Havasupai people were to help in rescue people in hikingand also some trail work (Timothy, 1998). Traditionsand Health IssuesThe Havasupai celebratedthree traditional ceremonies a year, the largest (in the fall) including music,dancing, and speechmaking. One important ceremony was cremation (burial fromthe late nineteenth century).

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People of Havasupai region are suffering fromPrenatal issues, Chronic disease, Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2), Depression. Amongall Havasupai people majority of Diabetes patients are female (more than 50%).  In 1989, members of the smalltribe of approximately 650 people who are suffering from poverty approachedArizona State University professor John Martin and 100 of them signed a consentform to “study the causes of medical disorders.

” (Santos, 2010). Researchers continuedtheir research into other medical disorders followed by Diabetes without additionalconsent from the tribe and some of them used samples for their papers aboutinbreeding, alcoholism. This importantlyimpacted the integrity of their community and their trust of outsiders (NewYork Times, 2010).DiabetesDiabeteswhich is commonly known as High blood sugar level is a metabolic disorder (WorldHealth Organization, 2014).

Type 1 DiabetesMellitus is known as Insulin dependent(juvenile) Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetesis known as non-insulin dependent (adult) Diabetes. Globally422 million people have diabetes till 2016 among them 90% of the cases are oftype 2 Diabetes (World Health Organization, 2015). Increasing rate of Diabetesis because of urbanization and lifestyle changes, including increasingly sedentarylifestyles, global nutrition transition (known as “Western style” Diet). Commonrisk factors for Diabetes are Overweight, Hypertension, abnormal Lipid levels,less physical activity (American Heart Association, 2015).

In Havasupai tribe nutritiontransition with obesity is major factor for Diabetes type 2 specially inFemales.CancerCancer is a group of disease which involvesabnormal cell growth that can invade into other parts of body (Jemal et. al,2011). In 2008, approximately 12.7 million cases of cancer diagnosed and by 2010 approximately 7.98 milliondeaths were recorded.

(R, M, Lim et. al,2012). Risk factors for cancer areAlcohol, Sunlight, Diet, Hormones and so on. (National cancer Institute, 2015).  Havasupai, an American Indian tribeliving at the bottom of the Grand Canyon for more than 800 years and also knownas Blue-Green water people. Havasupai people’s origin was in west known asSpirit Mountains in Clerk Berry, Nevada (Nation Voices, 2014). They came thereat the time of inter-reservations by Government.

Main reason to migrate fromthere to Grand Canyon was population. Havasupai tribe found 60 years lateramong all American Indian tribes. They speak a northeastern Yuman (written language for almost 25 years) thatis a division of the Hokan linguistic family. They cultivated their land byplanting squash, corn, beans during Spring and Summer and they moved to highelevation upland near canyon where they would hunt (mainly Sheep and Deer butalso Squirrels and Rabbit) during Fall and Winter (Leave the couch and Go,2016).Main responsibilities of Havasupai people were to help in rescue people in hikingand also some trail work (Timothy, 1998). Traditionsand Health IssuesThe Havasupai celebratedthree traditional ceremonies a year, the largest (in the fall) including music,dancing, and speechmaking.

One important ceremony was cremation (burial fromthe late nineteenth century). People of Havasupai region are suffering fromPrenatal issues, Chronic disease, Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2), Depression. Amongall Havasupai people majority of Diabetes patients are female (more than 50%).

 In 1989, members of the smalltribe of approximately 650 people who are suffering from poverty approachedArizona State University professor John Martin and 100 of them signed a consentform to “study the causes of medical disorders.” (Santos, 2010). Researchers continuedtheir research into other medical disorders followed by Diabetes without additionalconsent from the tribe and some of them used samples for their papers aboutinbreeding, alcoholism.

This importantlyimpacted the integrity of their community and their trust of outsiders (NewYork Times, 2010).DiabetesDiabeteswhich is commonly known as High blood sugar level is a metabolic disorder (WorldHealth Organization, 2014). Type 1 DiabetesMellitus is known as Insulin dependent(juvenile) Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetesis known as non-insulin dependent (adult) Diabetes.

Globally422 million people have diabetes till 2016 among them 90% of the cases are oftype 2 Diabetes (World Health Organization, 2015). Increasing rate of Diabetesis because of urbanization and lifestyle changes, including increasingly sedentarylifestyles, global nutrition transition (known as “Western style” Diet). Commonrisk factors for Diabetes are Overweight, Hypertension, abnormal Lipid levels,less physical activity (American Heart Association, 2015). In Havasupai tribe nutritiontransition with obesity is major factor for Diabetes type 2 specially inFemales.CancerCancer is a group of disease which involvesabnormal cell growth that can invade into other parts of body (Jemal et.

al,2011). In 2008, approximately 12.7 million cases of cancer diagnosed and by 2010 approximately 7.98 milliondeaths were recorded. (R, M, Lim et. al,2012). Risk factors for cancer areAlcohol, Sunlight, Diet, Hormones and so on. (National cancer Institute, 2015).

        

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