HIST150 exam #1

Topic: ArtCinema Art
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Last updated: May 6, 2019
Human beings evolved in
Sub-Saharan Africa

From its very beginning Western Civilization benefited from trade goods, crops, and animals originating in
The Middle East

The earliest stage of human history is called
The Paleolithic Age

The defining elements of civilization include all of the following except
Great stone pyramids

During the Paleolithic Age, the basic lifestyle of human beings was primarily
hunting and gathering

During the Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages, human tools were made primarily of
stone

The most important development of the Neolithic Age was
agriculture

Agriculture was developed
in the Neolithic Period

The chief rivers of ancient Mesopotamia were
the Tigris and the Euphrates

The earliest known civilization of Mesopotamia was
Sumer

Which of the following was not true about Sumerian Life?
Nomadic wandering, taking care of flocks

Sumerian religion was
noted for its pessimism

The first great conqueror in the history of Mesopotamian civilization was
The Epic of Gilgamesh

The Sumerian system of writing
was called cuneiform

Hammurabi of Babylon was known for
his code of laws

Which of the following is not true about Hammurabi’s law code?
provided for trial by jury

The Indo-Europeans
(all of the above)provided most of the languages for Europe, as well as Hindi in Indiaoften fought and moved on horsebackestablished the Hettite kingdom in what is now modern Turkey

The earliest important Indo-Europeans people in the Near Eastern world were the
Hittites

The chief river of Egypt is the
Nile

The Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and order was expressed by the Egyptian world
ma’at

The term hieroglyphics refers to
the sacred writing of Egypt

Nubia was
a kingdom on the upper Nile, south of Egypt, inhabited by Black Africans, and influenced by Egyptian Culture

The great pyramids of Egypt
were part of the Egyptian belief in the afterlife

The Middle Kingdom of Egypt
saw an end to the anarchy of the First Intermediate Period

On some occasions the ruler of Egypt was a woman. By far the most powerful of these was
Hatshepsut

The New Kingdom pharaoh, Ahknaten
introduced new ideas in art and religion

The major cities of Phoenicia were
Sidon, Tyre, and Biblos

The most important contribution of the Phoenicians to Western Civilization was
the alphabet

The kingdom of Israel reached it peak under the temple-building king
Solomon

After the death of Solomon
his kingdom split in two, the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah

In addition to preaching monotheism, the Jewish prophets also
preached that religion was not merely ritual, but also ethical behavior

Among the Hebrew beliefs that have had an important impact on Western Civilization was
(all of the above)the creation of the world at a specific timethe concept of ethical monotheismthat history was a purposeful, morally significant event

The new metal that transformed ancient warfare after 1200 BC was
Iron

The great empire that dominated the Middle East through a combination of iron weapons and ruthless terror was the
Assyrian

The success of the Assyrian empire was based on
(all of the above)the use of iron weaponry and systematic brutalityskilled administration and the spread of the Aramaic languageskilled military engineers and a trained officer corps

The great ruler of the neo-Bablonian empire was
Nebuchadrezzar

The neo-Babylonian empire
(none of the above)was ruled by Alexander the GreatRepudiated the Assyrian idea of bloody conquestssaw the decline of Mesopotamian astronomy

The Persian Empire under Cyrus was held together by
and administrative system which curbed the abuse of power by officials

The great Persian religios prohet was
Zoroaster

The text argues that the Persians adopted many things from older civilizations, but the adoption that had the greatest long-term impact was
coinage, a Lydian invention

Zoroaster’s religious beliefs had a similarity to Jewish ideas in all the following areas except
the need to observe strict dietary laws

Western Civilization can be said to have begun in
Greece

The epic poem Illiad, which recounts the prowess and anger of Achilles, was composed by
Homer

The largest Minoan palace on the island of Crete was
Knossos

Minoan Civilization
had artists who often painted frescoes featuring bulls and athletes

The epics of Homer are set in the period of Greek history called the
“Dark Age”

Mycenaean Civilization
(all the above)was centered around palaces and warrior kingswas depicted many years later in the Homeric epicswas an ancestor of later Greek civilization

Which of the following was NOT a result of the widespread violence and movement of peoples in the eastern Mediterranean around 1200 BC.?
the establishment of democracy at Athens

The Greek “Dark Age” commenced when
the Mycenaean culture collapsed

A major event at the end of the Greek “Dark Age” and the beginning of Classic Greek Civilization was
the spread of Greek colonies over much of the shorline of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

Although the Greeks learned many hings from earlier civilizations, the philosopher Plato said the
Greeks turned those things into something finer

The Greek gods
(all the above)resembled human beingsshared the same virtues and defects as mankindwere immortal

The oracle at Delphi was presided over by the god
Apollo

The Greek invention of philosophy, or the knowledge, involved the idea that
The cosmos was orderly, accessible to human reason, and based on natural laws

Which of the following was NOT one of the early Greek philosophers, or scientists?
Gilgamesh

Tyrant was the name given to:
a ruler who uses physical force rather then hereditary right or constitutional means to seize power

The normal term used to characterize the Greek city-state is
polis

Respectable Athenian women
tended to stay within the home, presiding over spinning and weaving

Bisexual relationships were common in Greek society because
(all of the above)segregation of the sexes was strictly regulatedmale/male relationships were thought to offer the highest possibilities for love and intellectual developmentmen feared that female sexuality would betray their control of family paternity

The purpose of Solon’s reforms was to
open participation in government to the new commercial middle-class

The Greek political reformer Cleisthenes
established an Athenian constitutions with many democratic features

Athenian democracy differed from modern democracy in many ways, with several groups excluded. Which of following was not excluded?
persons not of Athenian ancestry, even though they were born in Athens

The Greek polis known for its emphasis on military training was
Cornith

Sparta developed a strict military state and society in order to
keep their conquered people, or helots, in subjection and slavery

Which of the following was Not true of the Olympic Games?
Men and women could complete together in some events

Which of the following Persian War battles was a Persian, rather than Greek, victory?
Thermopylae

During the Persian Wars
(none of the above)Athens defeated SpartaXerxes of Persia conquered Greece, ending Athenian democracyAthens and Sparta invaded Persia and destroyed the Persian Empire

The great historian of the Persian Wars, justifiably known as the Father of History, was
Herodotus

The Delian League, a maritime union organized to defend the Aegean against Persia, became converted into a virtual empire for the benefit of
Athens

Which of the following apply to Pericles, the architect of Athens’ Golden Age?
(all of the above)relationship of men to the godsjust relationships between rulers and their subjectsthe consequences of hubris, or arrogance and pride

The Theban Plays of Sophocles are and illustration that the great Athenian play wrights
tried to explore complex moral problems in their plays

According to Thucydides, the Peloponnesian War was caused by
Sparta’s fear of Athens’ growing power

The historian who wrote about the Peloponnesian War was
Thycidides

Which of the following was NOT and advantage for Athens in the war with Sparta?
The best land army in Greece

Alciiades
has been described as an Athenian hero, military genius, and traitor

Socrates believed that
true wisdom lies in the endless search for knowledge

The Greek Philosopher who argues that the world of the senses was only a shadow of ultimate reality was
Plato

Unlike Plato, Aristotle
argued that one had to observe and study actual entities rather than seek out ideal forms

Which of the following statements is not true of the comedies of Aristophanes?
the exaltation of military values

The tragedies of Euripides
asked Athenians to reflects on their own actions during the Peloponnesian War

Hippocrates, the father of medicine, taught that
all diseases have natural causes which can be discovered by observation

During the half century following the Peloponnesian War
constant warfare between the poleis weakened Greece politically and culturally

The period of ancient Greek history that followed Alexander the Great is called
Hellenistic

During the Hellenistic World
(all of the above)Ancient Middle Eastern and Greek civilization joined ina manner that changed them bothThe Eastern Mediterranean was dominated by Greek language and cultureKings ruled large kingdoms rather than citizens ruling independent city-states

Evidence suggests that during the Hellenistic period, as compared to the Classical, Greek women
were freer from family authority and could work and ern money

Macedonia was
a Greek speaking kingdom north of Greece but not thought of as Greek by those who lived in a polis

The southern Greek states, the self-described “civilized” Greeks, regarded the Macedonians as
backward because they did not have the political life of the city-states

Philip II of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great
(all of the above)participated in several Greek wars after the Peloponnesian WarReformed the Macedonian army, especially the phalanx, to make it more formidablehoped to unite the Greek city-states under his leadership

Demosthenes opposed the expansion of Macedonia under Philip II because
Philip threatened the traditional freedom and self-government of the polis

The southern Greek states were defeated by Philip II at the battle of
Chaeronea

Philip II dreamed of conquering Persia, but did not do so because
he was assassinated under circumstances that have never been clearly explained

Alexander’s love of Greek culture, literature, and science seems to have come from his tutor
Aristotle

In which country was the greatest of the many Alexandrias founded?
Egypt

During the conquest of the Persian Empire, Alexander
(all of the above)was brutal in battle, but generous in peaceperfected the art of siege warfarewon every battle, often against great odds

I Egypt, Alexander
was declared to be the god Ammon, and crowned as pharaoh

In order to consolidate his authority in Greece, Alexander
publicly identified himself with the legendary Greek heroes, Heracles and Achilles

Which of the following policies did Alexander NOT follow in his imperial rule?
Destroyed all conquered cities to obliterate non-Greek culture

In 323 BC., Alexander died in Babylon from
alcohol abuse and fever

Alexander turned back from his quest for the end of the known world because
his Macedonian troops refused to go beyond India

Alexander’s legacy includes
(all of the above)the blending of Greek and Asian culture which we call Hellenisticthe idea of a single great empire of many peoples ruled by one kingan ideal of heroic military genius emulated by many subsequent leaders

Following Alexander’s death his empire
was divided by his generals into three main sucessors kingdoms

The Alexandrian successor king ruled over by his general Ptolemy and his successors was
Egypt

The Ptolemaic rulers Egypt
conducted their official business in Greek, while permitting traditional Egyptian culture to continue

Arsinoe II
(all of the above)married her brother and became Queen of Egyptmarried the king of Thracewas worshiped as the goddess in Egypt

The Alexandrian monument regarded as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world was
the lighthouse, or Pharos

The Rosetta Stone was important because
it was written in three scripts: Greek, cursive Egyptian, and hieroglyphics, permitting the translation of the Egyptian language

An unexpected consequence of Alexander’s conquests and the subsequent breakup of his empire was
the unification of most of India under Chandragupta Maurya and Asoka

The Seleucid dynasty ruled
the Asian part of Alexander’s empire

The Hellenistic monarchy of the Seleucids
had as its economic basis control of Middle Eastern trade routes to the Mediterranean

The Antigonids ruled
Macedonia

In the Hellenistic age, which was not a change experienced by the Greek poleis?
the common citizens reasserted control of the governments, making them more democratic

Which of the following was not true of the increasingly diverse Hellenistic world?
there was a growing Chinese influence, especially in the Antigonid Kingdom of Macedonia

The Hellenistic monarchs created a new economy in the eastern Mediterranean by
(all of the above)standardizing the currencyspreading new agricultural practices and productsestablishing royal monopolies in key industries to control production

During the Hellenistic period slavery
increased in numbers and ethnic diversity

Urban problems in the Hellenistic Age included
(all of the above)lack of public safetypoor sanitationuncertain food supply

The ruling class of the Hellenistic monarchies was made up of the
Greek/Macedonians and those educated in Greek language and culture

During the Hellenistic period women
were allowed freer access to economic and cultural professions

A good example of a Hellenistic royal city in both its planning and in its art, is
Pergamum

A major difference between “Classical: Greek art and the art of the Hellenistic era was
the tendency towards realistic rather than idealistic portrayal in sculpture

The Maccabees led a Jewish revolt against King Antiochus IV because he
attempted to Hellenize he Jews and violated the Temple with an altar to Zeus

Greek schools of the Hellenistic era
emphasized Homer as the primary literary text

Hellenistic “New Comedy” plays generally contained
romantic stories about the problems of everyday people

The Hellenistic school philosophy that advocated the rejection of the goods of this world in order to achieve happiness was that of the
Cynics

Although differing in approaches to life, the Hellenistic philosophies of Stoicism, Epicureanism, and Cynicism had man things in common.

Which of the following was not shared by them?

they argued for an increased participation in the life of the polis

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the mystery religions?
Ceremonies were led by the civic leaders so the gods would protect the polis

Hellenistic Science
made important advances in mathematics and astronomy

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