How did the attack on the twin towers on September 11, 2001 effect the United States?Kassandra RodriguezWord Count: Table of ContentsSection 1: Identification and Evaluation of Sources Pages………………………
p. -Section 2: Investigation………………………………………………………..p. Section 3: Reflection………………………………………………………..
Section 1: Identification and Evaluation SourcesThe Closing of the American Border: Terrorism, Immigration, and Security Since 9/11, Edward AldenThe origin of the book The Closing of the American Border: Terrorism, Immigration, and Security Since 9/11 was written by Edward Alden and published by Harper Collins in 2009. The purpose of the book was to teach and educate people on how homeland security has improved. By reading the book, I came to value the changes that were made to help prevent any future attacks and protect the people of this nation. Another value is the different The limitation was the single author. When a single person writes something there is a higher chance of there being bias, even without the author noticing. The content of this book is the aftermath of the attack on the twin towers on September 11, 2001.
Source 2: Brian Michael JenkinsThe origin of the book is written by Brian Michael Jenkins. The book was written with the purpose of teaching readers about the years after the attack on September 11 and how the country has changed since before the attack. What I believed to be of value in the book was being able to learn about how much the country has changed and how the attack has been able to help shape our country for the better. One limitation the book had was that I would have liked to see interviews in the book of everyday people saying how their lives have changed since the attacks. Section 2: InvestigationMy question of research was “How did the attack on the twin towers on September 11, 2001 effect the United States?” I believe that although the attack was horrible, it has helped shape our country. The attack has had both a positive and negative impact on not only the United States but the world as a whole.I also researched the subject because I wanted to see how our country has progressed and I would like to know what has changed since the terrorist attacks. I expect to see many changes ranging from actions of everyday citizens to changes of law.
I believe the attack had a big impact on the country and has shaped how our country has grown. I think I will find how people’s everyday lives will be affected by the changes made to prevent any future dangers. Many people’s daily lives were forever changed due to the attacks on the Twin Towers in New York on September 11, 2,753 of those people would live not see the next day. The attack has brought both positive and negative effects, stereotypes have been formed, laws have been signed, wars have been started and countless more changes have been made.
These changes have affected the everyday lives of people in other countries as well as those who live in the United States of America. Charles Poladian reports, “Psychologically speaking, Americans have changed since 9/11. In some ways –whether it’s further awareness of foreign threats or the idea that the U.S.
is not completely safe” Americans underwent an existential crisis” This can backed by Raquel Torres, “When I found out, I felt that The United States wasn’t untouchable anymore, but we weren’t just tapped, we were shoved. I worried for the safety of my family and our country.” Raquel says she began to worry about her family and became worried that there could be another attack that could have taken the lives of her loved ones just as the attack in New York had taken the many lives of other’s loved ones. She no longer felt safe in her home as she had before. Some Americans had also formed ideas that the few individuals involved in the attack represented the religion and race as a whole.Due to the religion and race of the terrorists on September 11, there have been multiple stereotypes centered around muslims that have had negative effects on those people to this day.
However, it is a little known fact that about 60 muslims were killed in the attacks. Meaning not only Christians, Catholics and Jewish people were affected, Muslim lives had been lost as well. Many people do not think that the Muslim community had suffered , many believe they were bad people, however it can be argued that they have suffered more. One can say that a Muslim person must fight to be recognized for their hard work, fear for their safety against hate crimes and fight for freedom of judgement. Evan McMorris-Santoro says, “The numbers tell a distressing tale. In October 2001, an ABC poll found that 47 percent of Americans had a favorable view of Islam. By 2010, that number had dropped to 37 percent. And today, alarmingly, only 27 percent of Americans have a favorable view of Muslim Americans.
” This has caused troubles for the Muslims inside and outside of the United States. Many of the harmful and well-known stereotypes of muslims have originated from the September 11, attacks. These stereotypes have had a negative impact on many muslims to this day. In late 2015, NBC News reported, “Anti-Muslim hate crimes are approximately five times more frequent than they were before 2001, according to the FBI.” Although these people had no part in the attacks on September 11, they have been treated unjustly and have been discriminated against for their faith.
These people who have had no connection to the attackers have had to struggle for simply believing in the same entity and praying the same prayers.Dean Obeidallah has said, “Even today, Hamdani, who lives in Lake Grove, New York, is fighting for her son’s recognition as an NYPD cadet. Salman – who was initially wrongly suspected of being involved with the attacks – said ongoing discrimination against Muslims is a primary factor in why he isn’t being recognized.” Unfortunately, this case is not the only one like this, there are countless others that have not been reported.
There are many more people struggling for the recognition of their hard work. After the attack, patriotism became very strong in the United States. The people of this country did what they could to help others affected by the attack, they had donated blood The Seattle Times reports, “Estimated units of blood donated to the New York Blood Center: 36,000,” many Americans wanted to go to war immediately, on September 12, the amount of people that had registered to go to the army was astonishing.
Raquel Torres said, “My husband wanted to sign up to join the army the very next day, I remember the news saying that there were lots of other people that had also signed up. Because I had my two young daughters, I would not let him sign up, I was terrified that I would have lost him.” Although many people had registered to join the army, there were many people in the same situation as Raquel and her husband.People who wanted to join the military but were not allowed, whether it be for their age, family or for other reasons. A year after September 11, 2001, the U.S immigration policy had been greatly modified. The Homeland Security Act and the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002 had all been created to improve national security. The Homeland Security Act was created to prevent future terrorist attacks and to reduce any vulnerability inside the United States.
Operation Enduring Freedom after the Taliban had refused to extradite Osama Bin Laden, the leader of al Qaeda and the attacks on the twin towers. Because Bin Laden was not sent to the United States, the United States had invaded and bombed Afghanistan. Operation Enduring Freedom involved the United Nations coming together to find those who had made such a great country suffer.
Section 3: ReflectionMy goal was to write a paper on a historical question that I had asked. My question was “How did the attack on the twin towers on September 11, 2001 effect the United States?”While writing this paper, I was saddened by remembering how many people had died on 9/11. I was sad then I realized how many lives have been saved.
I also was disappointed when I found out about how many lives had been negatively impacted for being the same religion as the terrorists. . There were also times when I was confused and did not know where else to go with my paper. I did not know if I was on the right track or if if my paper was about something other than what it was supposed to be. Other times I was very interested and focused, enjoying what I was doing. One thing I enjoyed about writing this paper was the knowledge I gained, I enjoyed reading and researching on my topic.
Because I wrote this paper, I learned about something that I was interested in but would not have researched in my free time. This paper gave me the chance to research something that interested me and not something that I thought was boring or a waste of time.If I had to do this project again, I would change my topic. I would research something that I do not know much about. Instead of writing about something I am interested in, I would ask a friend about something they are interested and research that.
I would do this so that I can learn about more things. Things that are not only interesting to me so that I have a broad education on many topics. Bibliography:Alan, Edward.
The Closing of the American Border: Terrorism, Immigration, and Security Since 9/11. N.p.
: Harper Collins, 2009. Print.National Commission on on Terrorist Attacks. The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (Authorized Edition).
Authorized Edition ed. N.p.: W. W.
Norton, 2011. Print.Jenkins, Brian Michael, and John Godges. The Long Shadow of 9/11: America’s Response to Terrorism. N.p.: Rand Corporation, 2011. Print.
Poladian, Charles. “The United States After 9/11: 6 Things That Have Changed Since 2001.”International Business Times.
N.p., 11 Sept. 2015. Frumin, Aliyah, Am, and A.
Sakuma. “Hope and Despair: Being Muslim in America After 9/11.” NBCNews.com. NBCUniversal News Group, 11 Sept.