Humanistic Traditions Book 5

Topics: ArtPaintings

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Last updated: November 26, 2019

Rococo Style
The style that focuses on ornamental delicacy, intimacy and playful elegance. It also dominated the salons of Paris and the courts and churches of Austria and Germany.

Vigee- Lebrun
Name the female painter who produced portraits for an almost exclusively female clientele

Boucher
Name the French Painter to King Louis XV, head of the Roayl academy in paris and a favorite of the Marquise de Pompadour

Watteau
Began their career painting theatrical backdrops

Genre – depict elements of everyday life
Painitings that encouraged by the philsophes’ demanded for an art of moral virtue and produce by Greuze and Chardin that were among the most popular images of the 18th C

Greco-Roman
Archaeological investigations encouraged new interest in what artifacts and produced a more accurate picture of Classical culture that had been available previously

Neoclassicism
the style that expressed in the architectural achievements of Thomas Jefferson in America replaced the Rococo style just as the French revolution swept away the old regime

Robert Adam
The scottish architect of the new style who focused on the Greco-Roman residential manors in England, such as Kedleston Hall

Wedgwood
English pottery maker famous for Classical motifs

Napoleon
Neoclassicist drew on the arts of IMperial Rome to gloify the French capital of Paris

Order Symmetry and intellectual control
the characteristics of classical music especially features similar to those by admired neoclassical writers, painters, sculptors and architects

woodwinds
flutes, clairnets, oboes

string
sitar, violin cello, harp

percussion
drums, tambourine, timpani, snare drums

brass
trombone, trumpet, horns

Hedge’s proposal of a dialectical model
every condition confronts its opposite condition which then creates a synthesis; thesis, antithesis and the synthesisdilectical model according to which all reality, all history and all ideas progressed toward perfect freedom

the inconstant state of human desire
Shelly compared what to the elemental forces of nature

natural selection
all living things including human beings evolved from a few simple forms species either develop into higher form of life or fail to survive

Romantic
Exalting the natural landscape as the source of sublime inspiration and moral truth, this movement Wordsworth and his English contemporaries initiated

John Keats
rejoiced that nature’s fleeting beauty might forever dwell in art

Wordsworth
leading nature poet of the 19th C embraced the redemptive power of nature

became and independent an publicy acclaimed subject in the visual arts inspiration to the arts the indescribable innocence of nature, natural man
landscape to western romantics

Native population of America
what was documented in the art of Caitlin

Hicks
painter that served as an example of american folk art, which made use of nautal imagery for decorative and symbolic purposes

Factories
the site of production of goods changed from homes to which place

natural selection
the hierarchy of living things advanced idea of nature and human kind

nautre
a source of inspiration and personal solace in Chinese literature as reflected by Shen Fu;s confessional prose & in painting

the hero
19thC romantics , this was an expression of expansive subjectivity of the individual

Napoleon
whose remarkable career became a model of heroic action propelled by an unbounded imagination and ambition

selfishly imparted wisdom to humanity
Prometheus the Greek deity considered a symbol of heroic freedom by the romantics, because

serves as a prime example as promthean defiance of authority and defense of human liberty
Whats significance of Douglass, champion of the abolitionist movement in America

Faust by Goethe
who was the literary figure symbolizing the quest to exceed the limits of knowledge and power became the quintessential figure for Romantic writers, painters and composer

a symbol of the human will master all forms of experience at the cost of the soul
to goethe, how did he envisions his legendary character Dr.Faust

nationalism
the act of exalting the sovereign state above all else

waterloo
the defeat of Napoleon’s second army happened where?

dark subject matter
what made Frankenstein considered a Gothic novel

Uncle Toms Cabin
most famous antislavery novel in America

spirtual
the most antebellum musical contribution of American population

satan
the beginning of Faust is a scene in which God is making a wager with ………

wagner
Isolde in 1859

worked in a cigarette factory
what did Bizet’s Carmen ( 1875) what does the lead character do for a living

St Helen Lena
final exile location for Napoleon w

Antione-jangros
the pupil of Jaques louis david who rejected neoclassicism in favor of more realistic scenes of Frances emperor in theatrical setting

gericault
found inspiration in uncommon subjects such as the restless vitality of untamed horses and the faces of the clinically insane

Eugene
hailed imagination as a a paramount in the life of the artist and focused on sensuous and violent subjects ” i have no love for reasonable painting”

exoticism
the condition of being foreign or unusual in color or design

Piano
most popular musical instrument in 19th C Europe

made a pact with the devil
the rumor regarding Paganini

leitmotif
short musical phrase that signifies a person, thing or idea in the story

Franz Shcubert
composer that united poetry and music in the intimate form of the lied

Tchaikovsky
heightened the importance of fantasy and story in his legendary Russian ballets Swan Lake, the Nutcracker and Sleeping Beauty

nationalistic themes
italian composer verdi and germany’s wagner are still famous for exploiting what ( hint sociopolitical ) themes in their compositions

impromptu
musical pieces that have improvised sound in spite of their carefully written notation are

realism
during the second half of the 19th C as western industrialization accelerated which movement came to rival romanticism both as a style and as an attitude of mind

political impact, rise of slavery , bitter rivalry
describe some of the effects western imperialism in some parts of Africa, Asia and in the middle east had on independent growth and productivity

utilitarism
government should work to achieve greatest happiness of the people

socailism
social theory argues that society should operate entirely in the interest of the needs of the people, communally and cooperatively rather than competitively

liberalism
early social theory was firmly based in the ideals of the englihtment

John stuart mill
leading proponent of liberalism who defended the exercise of individual liberty as protected by the state

naturalism
Zola initiate a varient form of literary realism known as

Norway
Ibsen was the dramatist who shocked his contemporary audiences with such subject matters as incest, insanity and vernal disease from what country

Photography and lithography
the two technological advances inventions during the 19th C that encouraged artist produce objective records of their surroundings

courbet
in painting, who led the realist movement with canvases depicting the activities of humble and commonplace men and women

manet
shocked public taste my modernizing classical subjects and violating conventional painting techniques

crystal palace
architecture offered a prophetic glimpse into the decades that would produce steel framed skyscrapers

americas imperialist presence in asia
in the opera madame butterfly the italian verist gaicomo puccinin presented a timely view of what sociopolitical phenomenon

camera
but the mid 19th C what technology/ instrument was used to document all aspects of contemporary life as well as to provide artist with detailed visual data

indonesian music, wagerian opera, symbolist poetry
debussy drew inspiration from what art forms to create a mood of reverie in the shifting harmonies of his prelude to the afternoon of a fawn

nietzche
the provocative german thinker that detected in European materialism a a deepening decadence called for a revision of traditional values

Henry bergson
presented a positive view of life as a vital impulse that evolved creatively and intuitively

Paul Verlaine and Rebaund
symbolist poets who devised a language of sensation that evoked feeleing

to capture effects of light and atmosphere
why would the impressionist sacrifice the details of percieved objects

Edgar Degas
painter fused immediacy of the french painitn fashion with the classical demand for line and form, he is famous for ballerina paintings

stamp of art nouvo and scenes from everyday life in paris
toulouse-lautrec was famous for his posters

art nouvo
an ornamental style originated in Beligium that became enorously popular in the late 19th C

glass
Louis Comfort Tiffany is famous for advancing the “new art” in what medium

modern dance
duncan was innovative pioneer of what art form

gaugin
which painter lived for many years in Tahiti

pointillism
the use of many dots to generate the impression of a solid form

cezanne
first modernist painter

paris
contributing to the eurpoean obessession with foreign culture was the Worlds fair of 1880 held in

quinine
medical innovation allowed Europeans to send expeditions into africa without fear of malaria

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