Humanities Chapter 2 The Greek World

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Last updated: November 29, 2019

The Greeks began to write down the stories about the past their archaiologia ca.

800BCE in the form of epics. The follow are true about the Greek epic

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1)The Iliad narrates an episode in the 10 year Trojan War2)The Homeric epics established three epic conventions that were followed for centuries afterward: in media res, invoking the muse, and stating the poem’s subject at the outsetHistory designates their author as Homer3) History designates their author as Homer4) The Odyssey narrates the adventures of Odysseus (Ulysses) on his return home from the Trojan War

What is not true about the Greeks epics
To rally the citizenry’s support of war, the poems present only glorified picture of war not its realities

The Greeks considered ___ ___ which cultures to be their ancestors
Minoan Culture

This performance space is the ___, Which was built in the early Third century BCE. It was renowned for its ___ ___ which made it possible for every viewer to see and hear the performance equally
1)Theatre at Epidaurus2)Democratic design
This chart represents the three classical orders of architecture in Greece; the far left is an example of the __ the middle is an example of the ___ and the far right is an example of the
1)(left)Doric order, 2) (middle) lonic order3) Corinthian order
This chart represents the three classical orders of architecture in Greece; the far left is an example of the __ the middle is an example of the ___ and the far right is an example of the

Hellenistic art had a sense of animation, drama and psychological complexity that did not exist in that of Classical Greece
True

The fresco, entitled___, was discovered at the palace complex at ___, ca.

1450 – 1375

1) Bull Leaping, Toreador Fresco2) Knossos
The fresco, entitled___, was discovered at the palace complex at ___, ca. 1450 - 1375

This sculpture is__ __; it is a Roman copy of the original bronze sculpture done by__ca. 450-440BCE
1)Doryphoros, Spear Bearer2) Polyclitus
This statement accurately describe sophists
They were committed to humanism, a focus on the actions of human beings, political action being one of the most important

The vessel___ was created by the___ ca. 540-530BCE
1) Botkin Class Amphora2) Greek, Greece or Mycenaean
The vessel___ was created by the___ ca.</p>
<p> 540-530BCE”></p></div>
</p></div>
<div class=
Lasting for over 1000 years, the Olympic Games originated as a result of the Greek’s belief in agonzesthai which mean to contend for the prize
True

The chorus was a group, or company, of actors who commented on the action of some Greek dramas, both tragedies and comedies
True

The following statements that are true of the Mycenae culture
1) they were a warlike people who lived in cities surrounding fortified hilltops.2) Their art is dominated by battle and hunting scenes3) The culture was feudal in nature, relying on a system of allegiance between a lord and those who relied on him for protection

The following statement that is false of the Mycenae culture
Their constant wars prevented their development of trade and impoverished them

The painting of the Botkin Class Amphora embodies the concept of arete, the Greeks belief in a person’s reaching his or her highest human potential

The Vaphip Cup was discovered in a tomb at Vaphio south of Sparta, Greece. It was created ca. 1650-1450BCE by the__ __
Minoan culture

The elevated platform on which the actors performed and painted scenery could be hung___ The structures originally a tent used as a changing room the actors but later transformed into a building often 2 stories tall___The parados were entryways through which the__ could enter the orchestra
1) Proskenio2) skene3) chorus
A female figure that serves as a column is called
Caryatid

The following are true about the artifacts of the Cyclades
1) The figurines were highly simplified and abstract2) It is thought that they were used for home worship and buried with their owners3) They were most often marble figurines

The following is not true about the artifacts of the Cyclades
There were no male figurines

This architecture is the __ __ located in __ __ and believed to have been constructed ca. 1300 BCE
1) Lion gate2) Mycenae Greece
This architecture is the __ __ located in __ __ and believed to have been constructed ca.</p>
<p> 1300 BCE”></p></div>
</p></div>
<div class=
Unique to Crete and the Minoan culture is the emphasis on the bull, as shown in the Toreador Fresco found in Knossos
True

Lyric poems are generally written to be accompanied by the lyre and their origin is associated with the poetess known as Sappho: the poems’ themes’ were love and personal relationships
True

This sculpture is either an orginal sculpture created by Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athanadoros of Rhodes or a ___ copy of the original; its subjects are__ ___, the Trojan Priest who tried to warn his countrymen about the Trojan Horse, and his__
1) Laocoon and His Sons2) Sons
This sculpture is either an orginal sculpture created by Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athanadoros of Rhodes or a ___ copy of the original; its subjects are__ ___, the Trojan Priest who tried to warn his countrymen about the Trojan Horse, and his__

This sculpture is called___ and was created ca. 600BCE; though it resembles statuary from Egypt, it differs in its ____, reflecting the artist’s desire to represent the human body as it appears in nature.
1)New York Kouros2)Naturalism
Goddes of war, but also, though her association with Athens, of civilization
Athena

King of the gods, usually bearded and associated with the eagle and thunderbolt
Zeus

God of the sun, light, truth, prophecy, music and medicine
Apollo

God of war, and son of Zeus and Hera, usually armored
Ares

This Architecture is called the___ and is it located on the ___ in Athens, Greece; it was designed by__ with contributions by___
1) Parthenon2) Acropolis3) Ictinus4) Callicrates
This Architecture is called the___ and is it located on the ___ in Athens, Greece; it was designed by__ with contributions by___

This sculpture is entitled___ it was dedicated in 530BCE and its medium is ___ ___
1)Peplos Kore2)Polychromed Marble
This sculpture is entitled___ it was dedicated in 530BCE and its medium is ___ ___

The correctly statements that describe Aristotle and his teachings
1) Aristotle believed that by observing the material world, one could come to know universal truths, a method that came to be known as empirical investigation2) He studied everything from biology to various genres of literary expression and formulated hypotheses in all of them3) In Poetics, he postulated the idea of catharsis, the cleansing, purification, or purgation of the soul, which he applied to Greek Tragedy

The statement that is incorrect about describing Aristotle and his teachings
As a student of Ploto, he agreed with his teacher’s philosophies and sought to extend them, rather than aruge

All statements are true about Alexander the Great
1)He established cities named Alexandria from Egypt to the Indus River in the largest empire the world have ever known.2)Aristotle, who was Alexander’s teacher had great influence over the conqueror’s love of Greek culture and learning, which he spread throughout his empire3)During Alexander’s time, sculpture flourished, especially that of Lyssipus, who Alexander hired to do his portraits.

This statement is not true about Alexander the Great
Though he conquered most of the known world in the name of Greece, he was nerve really revered by the Greek people because his origins were in Macedonia

The term that means counterpoise in Italian and refers to the weight shifted stance developed by the ancient Greeks in their sculpted figures is which of the following terms
contrapposto

A play that explores the physical and moral depths to which human life can descend, based on conflict, whose subject is the lessons the living can learn from the dead
Tragedy

A play that is amusing or lighthearted and designed to make its audience laugh
Comedy

Someone or something that represents an opposing will in a Greek play
Antagonist

The leading character in a Greek play with a tragic flaw that brings him or her into conflict with others
Protagonist

The Kore, the young boy counterpart of the adult kouros, was considerably shorted and clothed, demonstrating its naturalism in its dress
False

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