Humanities Chapter 5 Terms

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Last updated: April 24, 2019

creative literature
– literature pursuing excellence of form or expression and presenting ideas of permanent or universal interest

fiction
– works of literature that emanate from the author’s imagination rather than from fact

novel
– a fictional prose narrative of considerable length, has a plot that unfolds from the actions, speech, and thoughts of the characters

2 categories of novels
– sociological-panoramic and dramatic-intimate

sociological- panoramic
: covering a wide ranging story of many years in various settings

dramatic-intimate
: covering a restricted time and setting

short stories
– short prose fictional works focusing on unity of characterization, theme, and effect

fables
– a short story that has a moral woven into it; example: Aesop’s The Fox and The Grapes

folktale
– a short story that does not have a moral

accismus
– a form of irony in which a person feigns indifference to, or pretends to refuse, something he or she really desires

Saki
– pseudonym for the Scottish writer H.

H. Munro

narrative poetry
– a form of poetry that tells a story; example: The Canterbury Tales

The Canterbury Tales
– narrative poem written by Geoffrey Chaucer

dramatic poetry
– a form of poetry that utilizes sensational form or technique; example: Robert Browning’s “My Last Duchess”

My Last Duchess
– dramatic poem written by Robert Browning

lyric poetry
– a form of poem that comprises a brief, subjective work employing strong imagination, melody, and feeling to create a single impression of the poet’s personal emotion

sonnet
– represents the most finished form of lyric poetry

Petrarch
– developed the sonnet form to its highest expression

William Shakespeare
– an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist non-fiction

hagiographics
– accounts of the lives of saints and other religious figures

John Wesley
– the Anglican clergyman who founded the Methodist Church

essay
– a nonfictional literary composition on a single subject, usually presenting the author’s personal views

The Federalist Papers
– famous essay written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison

Oliver Goldsmith
– Anglo-Irish novelist, playwright and poet

The Vedas
– “sacred knowledge”; the most sacred Scriptures of Hinduism

drama
– form of literature that consists of a composition in prose or poetry intended to portray life or character or to tell a story usually involving conflicts and emotions through action and dialogue

tone
– the atmosphere of the story that represents the author’s attitude toward the story’s literal facts

character
– the psychological spine of individuals, the driving force that makes them respond the way they do when faced with a given set of circumstances

plot
– the structure of the work that embodies more than the storyline or the facts of piece

theme
– consists of what the author has to say; may mean a definite intellectual concept or it may indicate a highly complex situation

Toni Morrison
– Chloe Anthony Wofford; one America’s most celebrated authors; wrote Beloved, a novel that examines the destructive legacy of slavery

The Great Gatsby
– novel written by F. Scott Fitzgerald that functions as not only a piece of scenic detail, but also as a symbol of divine nearsightedness

rhythm
– this characteristic of poetry consists of the flow of sound through accents and syllables

imagery
– a verbal representation of objects, feelings, or ideas that can be literal or figurative

Phyllis Wheatley
– American poet who wrote “On Virtue”; her poetry invokes imagery, figures, and allegory to make the moral quality of virtue a “bright jewel” and imbue it with personal characteristics

figures
– poetic characteristic that takes words beyond their literal meaning

Robert Frost
– American poet who wrote “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”; highly regarded for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech

metaphors
– figures of speech by which new implications are given to words

symbols
– the practice or art of using an object or a word to represent an abstract idea

personification
– a figure of speech in which abstract qualities, animals, or inanimate objects take on human characteristics

hyperbole
– an intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect; occurs frequently in love poetry

allegory
– a figure of speech in which abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures and events

Christina Rossetti
– English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children’s poems; famous works include the poem “Uphill”, Goblin Market, and Remember

rhyme
– the coupling of words that sound alike; the most common sound structure in poetry

alliteration
– a type of poetic sound structure that repeats an initial sound for effect; example: “fancy free”

assonance
– a type of poetic sound structure that uses a similarity among vowels but not consonants; example: “quite like”

consonance
– a type of sound structure that repeats or involves recurrence of identical or similar consonants; example: “the ousel cock so black of hue”

meter
– the type and number of rhythmic units in a line

line
– determines the basic rhythmic pattern of the poem; takes its name from the number of feet they contain

facts
– the verifiable details around which writers shape biographies

anecdotes
– stories or observations about moments and a biography that take the basic facts and expand them for illustrative purposes, thereby creating interest

Alice Walker
– American author and activist; in her works the battles she fights are for rights for blacks and women; works include “Roselilly” and The Color Purple

Roselilly
– The story of a rural African-American woman from Mississippi who is about to escape poverty and disgrace by marrying a man she barely knows, a Muslim from the North; written by Alice Walker

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