Describe Hegel’s proposal of a dialectic model
every condition (or “thesis” confronts its opposite condition (“antithesis”) which then generates a synthesis. The synthesis in turn produces its opposite and so on, continuing evolution that movies toward the goal of spiritual freedom
Shellys poem reflects a visionary and moral perception of nature. To what did he compare the elemental forces of nature with?
the inconstant state of human desire, the wind, the ocean and the creative powers of the poet
What was the movement Wordsworth and his English contemporaries initiated called?
Who rejoiced that nature’s fleeting beauty might forever dwell in art?
Who was the leading nature powet of the 19th century, embraced the redemptive power of the nature?
What was landscape to Western romantics?
a source of inspiration and mirror of their own sensibilities
What is transcedentalism? Name some transcedantalist writers
cultural movement in which oneness of spirit and nature are encouraged and the realizatio of the higher spiritual self through sympathy with nature. Writers: Whitman, Thoreau, and Emerson
What was documented in the art of Catlin?
the lives of the Native Americans and their customs
Whose paintings served as an example of American folk art, which made use of natural imagery for decorative and symbolic purposes?
In this industrial-based society, the site for production of goods hs changed from homes to where?
newly constructed factories, mills and mines
Briefly describe the theory of natural selection and its importance?
all living things evolve from a few simple forms, species either failed to survive; it displaced human beings from elevated placed in hirarchy of human beings and it advanced the idea of the unity of nature and human kind
What becomes a source of inspiration and personal solace in Chinese literature, as reflected in She Fu’s confessional prose, and its painting?
For 19th century Romantics, what was an expression of the expansive subjectivity of the individual?
Whose remarkable career becomes a model for heroic action propelled by an unbounded imagination and ambition?
Why was prometheus the Greek diety considered a symbol of heroic freedom by the Romantics>
selfless suffering champon of humanity by incurring the wrath of the gods against them
Who was the literary figure symbolizzing the quest to exceed the limits of knowledge and power, became the quentissential figure for Romantics writers, painters, and composers.
To Goethe, how did he envision his legendary character Dr.
as a symbol if the everstriving human will to master all forms of experience at the risk of imperiling his internal soul
The act of exalting the soverign state above all else is called?
The defeat of Napoleon’s second army happened at what locations?
Why was “Frankenstine” considered a Gothic novel?
a type of entertainment that features elements of horror and the supernatural cast in a medieval setting.
Name the most famous antislavery novel in America
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
The most important antebellum musical contribution of Americal’s population was?
The beginning of “Faust” is a scene in which God is making a wager with?
Who wrote the romantic opera “Tristan and Isolde” in 1859?
In Bizet’s “Carmen” (1875) what does the lead character do for a living?
carmer works in a cigarette factory
The final exile location of Napoleon was?
The pupil of Jacques-Louis David who rejected Neoclassicism in favor of more realistic scenes of France’s emperor in theatrical settings was?
Who found inspiration in uncommon subjects such as the restless vitality of untamed horses and the faces of the clinically insane?
Who hailed imagination as paramount in the life of the artist and focused on snsuous and voilent subjects? He said, “I have no love for reasonable painting”
What is exocitism?
the condition of being foreign, striking, or unusual in color or design
By far, the most popular musical instrument in ninetheenth century Europe was?
What was the rumor regarding Paganini?
created a pact with the devil because he wouldn’t publish his own work
What is the purpose of Wagner’s letimotif?
signified a particular person, thing, or idea in the story and unity of poetry and music
Which composer united poetry and music in the intimate form of the lied?
Who heightened the importance of fantasy and story in his legendary Russian ballets Swan lake, the nutcracker and sleeping beauty?
The italian composer Verdi and Germany’s Wagner are still famous for exploiting what (hint: sociopolitical) themes in their compositions?
Musical pieces (often short) that have an improvised sound in spite of their careful written notaion are called?
During the second half of the 19th century, as Western industrialization accelerted which movement came to rival Romanticism both as a style and as an attitude of mind?
Describe some of the effects Western imperialism in some parts of Africa, Asia, and in the middle east had on independent growth and productivity?
coloniazation, civil services, rise of slavery and bitter rivalry amongst Europeans
What is Utilitarianism?
held that governements should work to secure “the greatest happiness” for the greatest number of people
Which social theory argues that society should operate entirely in the interest of the needs of the people, communially and cooperatively, rather than competitively?
What early social theory was formly based in the ideas of the Enlightenment?
Who was the leading proponent of liberalism who defended the exercise of individual liberty as protected by the state?
John Stuart Mill
Zola initiated a variant form of literary Realism known as?
Ibsen was the dramatist who shocked his contemporary audiences with such subject matters as incest, insanity and venereal disease from what country?
what are the two technological inventions during the 19th century that encouraged artists to produce objective records of their surroundings?
photography and lithography
in painting, who led the realist movement with canvases depicting the activities of the humble and commonplace men and women?
who shocked the public taste by modernizing Classical subhects and violating conventional painting techniques?
What architecture offered a prophetic glimpse into the decades that would produce steel-framed skyscrapers?
Paxtons Crystal Palace
In the opera “Madame Butterfly”, the italian “verist” Giacomo Puccini presented a timely view of what sociopolitical phenomenon?
Western presence in Asia and the clash of radically different cultures
By the mid 19th century, what technology/instrument was used to document all aspects of contemporary life as well as to provide artists with detailed visual data?
Debussy drew inspiration from what art forms to create a mood of reverie in the shifting harmonies of his Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun?”
Indonedian music, wagnerian opera, and symbolic poetry
Who was the provocative Gernamn thinker that detected in European materialism a deepening decadence called for a revision of traditional values?
Who presented a positive view of life as a vital impulse that evolved creatively and intuitively?
Name some of the symbolist poets who devised a language of sensations that evoked (rather than described) feeling
Paul Verlaine and Arthur Rimbaud
Why would the Impressionists sacrifice the details of perceived objects?
in order to capture the effects of light and atmospghere and truied to record an instaneous vision of the world
Which painter fused the immediacy of the French painting fashion withe the Classical demand for line and form; he is famous for his depictions of ballerinas
Toulouse-Lautrec was famous for his posters of what?
parisian life or life in paris
An ornamnetal style originated in belgium that became enourmously popular in the late ninetheenthe century was?
Louis Comfort Tiffany is famous for advancing the “new art” in what mediums?
Duncan was an innovative pioneer of what art form?
Which painters lived for many years in Tahiti?
What is pointilism?
the use of many tiny dots to generate the impression of a solid form
According to the text, the first modernist painter was?
Contributing to the European obsession with foreign culture was the World’s Fair of 1880 held in what city?
What medical innovation allowed Europeans to send expeditions into Africa without fear of malaria?
What style focuses on ornamental delicacy, intimacy, and playful elegance, which also dominated the salons of Paris and the courts and churches of Austria and Germany?
Name the female painters who produced for an almost exclusively female clientele?
Name the First Painter to King Louis XV, head of the Royal Academy in Paris and a favorite of the Marquise de Pompadour?
Who began his or her career painting theatrical backdrops?
What kind of paintings was encouraged by the philisophes’ demand for an art of moral virtue and produced by Greuze and Chardin that were among the most popular images of the 18th century.
genre painting; depict every day life and values of ordinary people
Archeological investigations encouraged new interest in what artifacts and produced a more accurate picture of Classical culture than had been available previously?
What style expressed in the architectural achievements of Thomas Jefferson in America replaced the Rococo style just as the French Revolution swept away the Old Regime?
The Scottish architect of the new style who focused on Greco-Roman residential manors in England, such as Kedleston Hall, was what?
Who was the English poetry-maker famous for Classical motifs?
Neoclassicists drew on the arts of imperial Rome to glorify the French capital of Paris and which individual?
Describe some of the characteristics of classical music, especially features similar to those admired by Neoclassical writers, painters, sculptors and architects.
Order, symmetry, formal restraint, and intellectual control
Name two to three instruments in each of the following orchestral froups: strings, percussion, brass, woodwinds
strings: guitar and violinpercussion: base, tympony, and snare drumsbrass: trumbone, trumpetwoodwinds: flute and clarinet
What’s the siginificance of Douglass, champion of the abolitionists movement in America?
serve as living proof of the potential of black slaves to achieve brilliantly as a free person
Darwin’s argued that by means of natural selection (in one or two sentences)
observed the tendencies of certain organisms to increase rapidly over time while retaining traits favorable to their survival