Humanities

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Last updated: November 25, 2019

To what does Prospero attribute the loss of his dukedom in Act I?
His own negligence as a ruler.

Prince Henry the Navigator was motivated to promote voyages of discovery and colonization by
the desire for African gold and to join in the Ottoman slave trade.

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In comparison to Lutheranism, Calvinism was much more:
authoritarian with respect to personal conduct and morality.

The term Reconquista refers to the
defeat of the final Muslim principality in Spain, Grenada.

Although he did manage to discover a world unknown to Europeans, Christopher Columbus did so in spite of
gross miscalculation of the earth’s size.

The Peace of Augsburg in 1555:
established the principle that the ruler of a territory determined the religion of that territory.

By the 1560s the area of Europe that seemed to have the greatest Lutheran confessional affiliation was:
Northern Germany and Scandinavia.

In the Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes argued that
any form of government that protects its subjects might act as a sovereign.

In 1588, the “Invincible Armada” was destroyed by:
the English.

The Italian Renaissance declined because:
Italy lost its supremacy as the center of world trade

The plays, Tamburlaine and Doctor Faustus were masterpieces written by:
Christopher Marlowe.

The “Elizabethan Settlement” included all of the following EXCEPT:
accepting papal authority over the monasteries and convents

Which of the following statements is true regarding the witch mania of the seventeenth century?
It reflected fears about the inadequacy of traditional remedies to ward off evil.

Luther received support from German princes for a number of reasons, such as:
all of the possible answers are correct

Between 1450 and 1600, the population of Europe:
nearly doubled.

Caliban and Ariel represent which of the following in The Tempest?
Two competing aspects of Prospero’s conscience.

In contrast to the civic humanists, Castiglione, in his book The Courtier, stressed as the hallmark of true nobility:
an ideal of effortlessness and elegance at court.

After 1525, Protestantism was “domesticated” by becoming more politically conservative and by focusing on:
the patriarchal family as the central institution of reformed life.

Conceptually having succeeded in the crusade against Granada, through her sponsorship of Columbus’ voyages, Isabella
helped export the tradition of crusading to the New World.

During the sixteenth century, in both Protestant and Catholic countries, marriage practices changed to encourage:
more parental control over their children’s choice of marriage partners.

Rabelais’s Gargantua and Pantagruel:
satirized religious ceremonialism and scholasticism.

The Swiss city of Zürich is most often associated with which Protestant reformer?
Zwingli.

The most prominent northern Renaissance intellectual movement was:
Christian humanism.

At the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church:
reaffirmed almost all of the doctrines that Protestants criticized

After amending the Edict of Nantes in 1629, Cardinal Richelieu:
abolished the semi-autonomy of Burgundy, Dauphiné, and Provence.

Luther believed that works of piety and charity were:
the natural outgrowth of justification and Christian devotion.

During the Renaissance, sculpture broke with the past in that statuary
epicted freestanding figures ?0Òin the round.?1Ó

In general, which group of people profited most from the Price Revolution?
aggressive entrepreneurs and large-scale farmerssmall landholders

In contrast to Lutherans, Zwinglians, and Calvinists, Anabaptists:
believed that only adults should be baptized, not children.

The industry that most fundamentally shaped the sixteenth-century Spanish colonies in Central and South America was
mining.

During the later Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic Church
changed a great deal because it suffered from the same economic hardships caused by the Black Death as the rest of Europe did.

The works of Boccaccio, Chaucer, and de Pisan all demonstrate
the spread of vernacular literacy.

Time became standardized in the fourteenth century due to
the invention and proliferation of mechanical clocks.

The Golden Horde was the
Mongol dynasty that controlled Russia

Humanists believed that excellent scholarship and poetry could only be written in
classical Latin and classical Greek

In late medieval Italy there was a renewed interest in studying texts written in Greek because
Greek-speaking intellectuals fled to Italy as the Mongols and Ottoman Turks continually took territory from the Byzantine empire.

Which of the following statements best characterizes Machiavelli’s attitude in The Prince?
the ends justify the means

Which of the following was something we learned about the Black Death from our in-class simulation?
All of the above.. It demonstrated how little one could do to protect oneself from contracting the plague.b. It illustrated why people’s faith in the Church was called into question.

c. It showed just how quickly the plagued spread throughout a city.d. It showed why the plague created new opportunities for upward mobility among the survivors. Correcte. All of the above.

Master Eckhart taught that
by renouncing the senses, one could draw inward and ultimately find God.

The theological system called nominalism was based on William of Ockham’s fundamental insight that
e. human knowledge of God depends on what God reveals through scripture.

Which characters are in love with Alison? (canterberry tales)
John, Nicholas, and Absalon

Holding legitimate and unchallenged authority over a defined territory is one definition of
sovereignty.

In The Prince, what lesson does Machiavelli try to drive home about human morality?
Acting in ways that we think of as moral for people, often works against a prince or good ruling.

The social mobility of the fourteenth century was made possible largely due to the
Black Death.

Dante’s Divine Comedy depicts the poet’s mythical journey through:
hell, purgatory, and heaven.

After conquering territory in what is now Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Armenia, and Anatolia, the Mongols who controlled this territory, called the Ilkhanate, converted to
Islam.

It is better for a prince to be loved than feared by his people.
False

The Ottoman empire was tolerant of all faiths EXCEPT
Non-Sunni Muslims.

After the fall of Constantinople, the attitude of the Ottoman sultans toward Orthodox Christians
was carefully to protect and promote the authority of the Greek Orthodox patriarch.

The early humanist Petrarch constantly urged
the resurrection of the classical past.

The commerce that occurred as a result of the Pax Mongolica was facilitated by the introduction of
double-entry bookkeeping and early forms of credit transfers

Bubonic plague is spread by
flea bites.

What is the central theme of Christine de Pisan’s City of Ladies?
The book is an allegory that defends the character, capacities, and history of women

Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales in
Middle English.

A fundamental source of conflict in the Hundred Years’ War was that
the English king was a vassal of the French king for Gascony.

The English Lollards were the lay followers and successors of which late medieval theologian?
John Wycliffe

The social mobility of the fourteenth century was made possible largely by the
The Black Death

For Europeans, the most important consequence of the Mongol conquests was
the commercial links it established between Europe and the Far East along the Silk Road.

One of the technological advances that helped to end the Hundred Years’ War was
the adoption and use of cannons.

The goal of the humanist education system was to
produce virtuous citizens and able public officials.

As the definition and identity of the nobility became less clear after the plague,
nobility increasingly was demonstrated by one’s lifestyle.

The medieval doctrine of transubstantiation taught that
the Eucharist became the body and blood of Christ during Mass

Petrarch thought the goal of a Christian writer was to inspire people to do good rather than concentrate on abstract speculation.

True

Machiavelli supports his advice to rulers by:
All of the above.Answers: a. Using examples from the politics of his day.b. Quoting ancient Roman writers.c.

Using ancient Greek and Roman leaders as examplesd. Using examples from ancient wars and battles.

The Mongols ruled the vast territory of their empire directly
False

Being a slave carried relatively little social stigma in the Ottoman empire.
True

Ottoman society was closed and intolerant.
false

Two of the countries that illustrate the growth and development of national monarchies were
France and England.

In the “Wife of Bath’s Tale,” the knight must marry the old woman who gave him the answer to the puzzle he needed to solve. Why did the old woman become young and beautiful and faithful?
The knight allowed the old woman to choose for herself.

Which of the following metaphors does Machiavelli use to describe Fortune?
A lady who changes her mind and must be mastered

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