I. INTRODUCTIONIn contemporary era, the term”globalization” has been widely used across the globe. With the presence ofglobalization, many countries have changed their strategies of relations toadapt to this new environment including China and The United States.
These two major powersare seen to be potential rivals in this globalized world. However, havingproved by recent positive bilateral relations, it is believed that conflictsincluding military confrontation between the United States and China, to agreat extent, have been reduced and replaced by more comprehensive cooperation.This essay will examine the U.
S.-China relations in recent years byhighlighting both conflicts and cooperation in various areas through bilateraland international frameworks. Then it will evaluate whether or not theglobalization has an impact on the decrease in military conflicts between thetwo countries. II. BODY1.
ForUS and China, their relations during this inter-connected era have experiencedsome situations which challenge each other. a. Oneof their main conflicting aspects is economic competition. b.
Anothermajor issue is influence race on international stage.c. Thefinal aspect is military confrontation.………The above findings seem that the UnitedStates and China have not changed their original perspectives of seeing eachother as rivals. However, it is more likely to be true that both countries havechanged the game from zero-sum to win-win strategies in this globalized world.For the United States and China, cooperation is considered to be crucialstrategy that both countries should use. 2.
a. Thereare several cooperation frameworks that promote U.S.-China relations in the eraof globalization.
One of fundamental cooperation mechanisms is bilateralrelations including economic and political cooperation. Mastanduno (2007)agrees that economic cooperation between the United States and China is crucialfor promoting peace and ensure the stability of world politics. Mill (cited inArmstrong, Farrell & Lambert, 2012, p. 89) also sees the positive impact ofeconomy on peace and stability. He says ‘it is commerce which is rapidlyrendering war obsolete’. In addition, Garret (2006) agrees that new cooperationframeworks including Sino-American ties may enable both countries to becomestrategic partnership in the long run. However, he expresses his concern overpossible conflicts that might happen if China wants to reduce U.
S. influence inEast Asia. In the same way, Daojiong (2017) also sees no much improvement in bilateralrelations between the United States and China under Trump’s presidency. Hesuggests that in order to play more crucial role in global leadership, bothcountries should introduce new long-term mechanism for sensitive issues, forexample, in terms of Taiwan, North Korea and East Asia related issues. Incontrast to Garret’s and Daojiong’s perceptions, Womak (2016) argues that theUnited States and China may not want to fight against one another andcooperation is a key element that benefits both countries. b. Another framework is that both countrieshave common international responsibilities to take (i.e.
respect internationallaws, non-interference, disbarment, denuclearization…) c. The final aspect is that the UnitedStates and China share common issues that require both countries to jointlyaddress (i.e. terrorism, climate change and nuclear crisis). III.CONCLUSIONThrough the discussion above, it is likelyto be true that the cooperation frameworks play a fundamental role in promotingU.
S.-China relations in this modern world. In terms of economic and politicalcooperation, both countries share similar benefits that require them to acceleratethe existing bilateral strategies and introduce new long-term mechanisms. Interms of international responsibilities and global threats, the respects oninternational laws and the address of international issues are necessary for theUnited States and China and this may help reduce conflicts between them. In conclusion, itshould be clear that while the globalization promotes cooperation between theUS and China, it, to a great extent, reduces the likelihood of militaryconfrontation between them. However, it is not absolutely sure that the twocountries will continue this positive trend in the future. Therefore, it isrecommended that the two countries should work closely to bring mutual benefitsfor their peoples and nations as well as to avoid conflicts.
Reference ListArmstrong, D., Farrell,T., & Lambert, H.
(2012). InternationalLaw and International Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press.Daojiong, Z. (2017). China-US Relations Under Trump:More Continuity Than Change. Asian Perspective, 41, 701-715.Garrett, B.
(2006). US-China Relations in the Era of Globalisation andTerror. Journal of Contemporary China, 15(48), 389-415.
Mastanduno, M. (2007). Rivals or Partners? Globalisation and US-ChinaRelations. Harvard International Review, 29(3), 43-48.
Womack, B. (2016). Asymmetric parity: US-China relations in a multinodalworld. International Affairs, 92(6), 1463-1480.