I.IntroductionChild sexual abuse or child molestation occurs whena child is unexpectedly involved in sexual activity with older people. (Rowan, 2006). Alarge number of Vietnamese people regardthat children who are sexually abused must be through a sexual contact. Infact, not only touching gestures but non-touching behaviours such as showingthem depraved photos, giving them aphrodisiac drugs or capturing photos onsensitive parts of their body are also considered child molestation (Rowan,2006).
Unfortunately, there has been an alarming increase in the number ofsexually abused victims recently in Vietnam. “Between 2014 and 2016, more than4,100 cases of sexual violence against children were reported” (Child sexualabuse on the rise in Vietnam, 2017), from Vietnamnews, one of the most Vietnamesereliable online magazines. Therefore, it is high time we joined hands togetherto protect our young generations.
In the scope of this research, possiblefactors, negative impacts and feasible solutions related to this situationwould be discussed thoroughly.2.Discussion2.1 Main causes of child sexual abuse.There are various reasons that could be found inmost of sexual abuse incidents in Vietnam.
First of all, children often receiveinadequate care from parents. It is approximately estimated that parents use up7.5 in 24 hours dealing with a bunch of work and hectic schedules while theyonly spend 47 minutes per week being with their beloved children (Daily mail reporter,2011).
Especially, in some poor villages in Vietnam, parents whose youngster ismolested are usually industrious workers with a hope to earn enough for livingand have no choice but leave their son or daughter at home alone (Child sexualabuse on the rise in Vietnam, 2017). Meanwhile, in urban areas, some familiesencounter generation gaps. Therefore, family members hardly discover similarfeatures from others or sit down together for frequent talk and share. Inaddition, there is a common misunderstanding among Vietnamese adults that victimsare only females with the percentage of 90% people asked in a VTV24’s survey (Thuctrang au dam o Vietnam, 2016). In fact,it is recorded that 1 in 6 boys is proneto be abused just in the average of 9 (Lew, 2004).
Secondly, lack in general awareness about thissituation appears to be a great chance for “bluebeards” to get access tochildren. Most of kids are less aware of possibly abusing risks coming frompeople who are close to them. In their naïve world, their neighbor, uncle,brother or even father can never do anything to harm them. (Rowan, 2006)Sadly, they can. In order to fulfil sexual desire,those cold-blooded evils would betray the victim’s belief and turn him or herinto a slave serving for their sexual purposes.
Mr Nguyen, deputydirector of the criminal police unit under the Ministry of Public Securityclaimed that “Most child sex offenders have close relationship with theirvictims such as teachers, relatives, or neighbors” (VOA, 2017).Thirdly, the issue would be more serious due tosilence from victims’family. Vietnamese belief and opinions are told to beinfluenced by some Asian countries such as China, Thailand and Korea. Moreover,sex is regarded as sensitive or even impolite issue to refer. As a result,parents whose victim tend to be really scared that their little kid’s futurewould end up in rumors and disparage.
Rather than reporting the crime, theyoften move to another place and pray their youngster could soon suffer from thatnightmare (Thu Van, 2017).2.2 Consequences of child sexual abuse.According to the article “Effects of Child Sexual Abuse on Victims” (2011) from National Center forVictims of Crime, sexually abuse victims, especially kids may suffer fromsevere both short-term and long-term effects. It also pointed out some obviousconsequences such as uncontrollable performance, poor sleeping quality, and atrocious academic achievement at school.
Significantly, this kindof child maltreatment leads to a numberof unavoidable issues. Regarding psychological aspects, abused childrenare more likely to be more vulnerable, depressed and lower self-esteem (Croft, 2016). Somemight cope with depressive disorder for a long period. Daugherty believes thatsome appear to have distorted perspective on sex and marriage ( Why Me? Helpfor Victims of Child Sexual Abuse (Even if they are adults now), 2006). Meanwhile, others could not overcome obsession, leadingto a dreadful decision – suicide (Daugherty, 2006). Turning to another point, an increase in childabuse could put a heavy strain on medical expenses. National surveys recorded that40 in 1000 abortion cases in Vietnam are due to molestationannually (Nguyen, Shiu &Farber, 2016).
In the USA, the government spend $220 million per day for this issue (EstimatedAnnual Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect, 2012). In comparison to a wealthynation like the USA which could partly bring the whole scene of how hugefinancial budget, Vietnam, a developing country has to face bigger obstacles tothis situation. In fact, there have been a significant number of Vietnamese victimsreceiving physical and mental treatment at public hospitals (Nguyen, Shiu &Farber, 2016). As their pains are really massive, the therapy has become more complicated and costlier than ever.Besides, Lowyargues”Although only 2% to 10% of abused children becomeinfected, childhood syphilis, gonorrhea, condylomata acuminata, and chlamydiatrachomatis must always be considered” (Sexually transmitted diseases inchildren, 1992). In Vietnam, the number of infected kids tends to be lower. However, the risks of spreading those diseases through unprotectedsexual contacts are possible (Rowan, 2006).
2.3 Solutions to child sexual abuseWhen it comes to possible approaches for this issue,many changes are proposed. Initially, gender education should be taught atschools in order that young students could be provided with sufficientinformation and effective methods to protect themselves from child sexoffenders. However, it is not considered as a core subject in most Vietnameseschools. As a parent, Ms Hoa agreed with the importance of sex education butsuspected its positive results due to inappropriate curriculum (Thu Ha, 2017). Meanwhile,Mr Hogberg, the Embassy of Sweden in Hanoi statedin his own hand book that “We adults are used to talking to childrenabout norms, values, rights and wrongs.
We are usually good at explaining thatit is wrong to fight, take other people’s things and say bad words. We explainhow to be a good friend, and we talk about conflict and the dangers of theInternet. But there are topics that many of us grown-ups find difficult to talkwith children about – such as relationships, the body’s private parts and whatyou can and cannot do with the bodies of others.” (Respect! My body, 2017).Consequently, it is believed that much more effort needs to be put intodeveloping the quality of sex lessons for children.Secondly, it is governmentalresponsibility introduce tricter law and carry out effective investigation togive abusers heavy punishment.
According to Vietnamese law system, unwantedsexual contacts happen between men and women while the other is forced tofollow. As a results, those sexual offenders who abuse innocent boys usually takeadvantage of phrases “between men and women” to receive a lighter sentence. Recently, aCanadian men has been accused of abusing young boys in Hanoi. Surprisingly, heused to have a record of previous convictions and offences and then be deportedfrom his motherland (VTV24 reporter, 2017). It still leaves a big question whyVietnam accepted his immigrating application.
In 2014, after many victimsclaimed that they were sexually harassed by Minh Beo, a famous actor in VietNam, the People’s procuracy of Vietnam still remained silent. Not only when he abused an American boy did he paid for hiscrime. Despite many reports from vitctim’s family, Cao Manh Hung’s case wasdelayed in litigation for months. Obviously, it is authorities’irresponsibilitythat makes those evils become more ruthless.Thirdly,the whole community ought to have more positive attitudes towards victims. Forexample, rather than be supported to report the crime, a young girl in ThachThat, Hanoi was blamed for having ruined the village’s reputation.
( VTV24reporter, 2017). We are now living in the 21st century. Hence, someshort-sighted views should be eliminated. It is clear that abused victims haveno faults.
Instead, they deserve to be helped and encouraged to reveal thosebluebeards’ mask.Finally,parental contribution to solve this problem is the most valuable. Parents aresuggested to spend much more time for kids and try to become their reliablefriend. Two generations living under one roof should have frequent talks. Inaddition, family base should be built on mutual trust. Communication amongfamily members is more important than anything else (Rowan, 2006).
III.ConclusionThe analysis above has shown many aspects of childsexual abuse in Vietnam through some facts, statistics and main reasons. Childmolestation may leave permanent scars in its victims’ soul. Thus, people areencouraged to make a contribution to reduce as many abusing incidents aspossible. The writer believes that there would be no place for child abuse ifthe community is aware of this issue.
It is time people broke the silence toprotect our young generations from evil hands of pedophiles. “Our lives beginto end the day we become silent about things that matter” (Martin Luther King,Jr )