Type: Profile Essays
Sample donated: Claudia Rivera
Last updated: September 18, 2019
I (John Calvin Coolidge) was born on July 4, 1872 in Plymouth Notch, Vermont. I grew up helping my father ‘tend accounts and sell apples'(“Life Before The Presidency”) on our family farm. As a boy selling apples and helping around the house and on the farm, I didn’t have much ambition in life beyond ‘following my father’s footsteps and becoming an honest small-town merchant'(“Life Before The Presidency”).
After all, ‘my mother died when I was twelve and my sister a few years later'(“Biography”). I was a pretty average student in the town’s elementary school, but ‘managed to obtain entry to a prestigious college nearby in Amherst, Massachusetts'(“Life Before The Presidency”).This was where I found my passion for politics and where I really blossomed. I graduated with honors in 1895, earning excellent grades in my last two years and graduating cum laude(with distinction or with a degree). I was also a member of the Republican Club, earning a reputation on campus for my public speaking skills.
I took the junior prize for oratory(public speaking) and ended my college career taking first prize in a national contest for my senior essay, “The Principles Fought for in the American Revolution.” I soon studied law in a firm nearby(Northampton, Massachusetts), passed the bar in 1897, and opened a law office shortly after. My rise in politics was ‘quiet, methodical, and steady’ (History.com), beginning around 1900 where I won a meager position on the City Council. I was then elected as county clerk in 1903, and married the love of my life, Goodhue shortly after in 1905.
After my marriage I slowly climbed the tall ladder of state politics for the next 15 years. I became the governor of Massachusetts through a narrow margin. However, it only gave me more motivation to aim even higher.It was not until The Boston Police Strike of 1919 that “I pursued policies that reflected both my fiscal conservatism and social progressivism” (KhanAcademy). I deployed the National Guard and asserted control over the police in the Boston Police Strike of 1919, which was when I garnered national attention and admiration. I soon ran for the Republican Presidential nomination in 1920, but was not successful (marking only the second time I failed my political goals).
However, I was elected as Vice President. I ‘kept a low profile as President of the Senate, but quickly grew frustrated with my largely ceremonial duties as vice president'(History.com).
I wanted to play a bigger role. As if my prayers were answered, in some sort of twisted and horrible way, on August 2, 1923, I woke my son and daughter-in-law in Vermont, to tell them that their father would soon be the president of the United States of America. I also told them of President Harding’s death from a heart attack, we knelt, we prayed, and was soon my house flooded with reporters.
“At 2:24 a.m., with the newspaper men settled and a copy of the Constitution retrieved, I administered the oath of office to my son by the light of a kerosene lamp. I then went back to sleep, as the 30th president of the United States”(“Life Before The Presidency”).
2) Describe THREE (3) historical things you did during the 1920’s that made you a notable person who should be remembered by Americans. I looked out for the people. As many of you know, Harding was and is still regarded as on of the worst presidents of all time.
Some believe that he didn’t even want to become president, but that’s not why you should remember me. Harding is remembered for all his scandals, sexual scandals, teapot dome scandals. He even appointed his friends, who were ‘bad men who took kickbacks when they worked for the government'(Teapot Dome scandal) and he had a carefree manner which “left a bad taste in the public’s mouth”(Teapot Dome scandal). The point is that I cleaned up the government. I even rooted out and removed the people who caused the Teapot Dome Scandal, which was the secret leasing of federal oil reserves. I did this ‘quickly, masterfully, and with little help from the Republican regulars in Congress'(Presidentprofiles.com). I actually appointed 2 special counsel members, one Republican and one Democrat; my timing was impeccable, because the senate was about to take extreme action; because of my work, corruption, which knows no party, was removed from powerful positions of government.
I believed in small government, and actually grew the economy. I cut taxes and believed that the government should only assist businesses or regulate lightly. I “presided over sustained growth–and without accumulation massive debt”(History.com). I reduced the huge amount of debt collected through WW1, and cut the high wartime taxes. I made the government operate more efficiently, effectively, and economically. As a result of my actions “National debt lowered from $22.
3 billion in 1923 to $16.9 billion in 1929.”(Coolidgefoundation.org).
I also reduced the federal Budget from 22.3 billion to 16.9 billion in a span of 6 years, which helped the economy grow, and increase government efficiency. I stopped the infamous Boston Police String of 1919, which ‘hit the United States and posed a threat to public safety. Keep in mind that suspicions were heightened because of the fear of communism.
For those of you who are unfamiliar with this topic, on September 9, more than 1,100 officers went on strike for higher pay and shorter hours, as their “wages lagged badly during the war”(“Boston Police Strike”). At this time I was governor