In a workplace/business, there are many ways to deal withincidences that involve hazards, illness and risks.
One of the ways to dealwith these incidences is to identify them in the engineering workplace. Thenwhen the hazard, illness or risk has been identified then there are countermeasures and control measures that are put into place so that business can stillwork within a safe manner. Methods used to identify the hazard, illness or risk canvary when in different engineering backgrounds and situations. One of the mostcommon ways to identify a risk or hazard is to use a risk assessment. A riskassessment is used to identify a hazard in a workplace and then what controlmeasures are used to reduce the risk of that hazard. Some types of these riskassessment give the level of the risk. Other known methods on how to identifymethods are used to make their business/engineering work place safe are:· Baseline Hazard Survey.
This is the surveythroughout a whole business/workplace that will evaluate the safety of alldepartments of your business, form the work processes to the equipment andfacilities used. These surveys will provide you with the hazards in yourbusiness, where they happen in the business and how much effect they have onhealth and safety.· Job-Hazard Analysis. This is a type of analysisthat is used to identify, assess and control hazards that are associated withcertain jobs within an engineering background/workplace. This type of hazardidentification us broken down into steps when evaluating how safe a specificjob is. First of all you would evaluate the hazards that involved within thecertain job, then identify a controlmeasure so that the hazard is reduced.
These types of hazard identification areused for jobs that are hard to get rid of in a workplace and are also used foranalysis of jobs that have has a history of near missed and injuries. Howeverthis type of hazard identification takes a long time so this is not as timeeffective as some other methods. This method takes so long as they need to seean employee perform the job so that the assessor can see all possible waysthere is a danger to safety and when the hazards will occur and how severe theywill be.
· Date Sheets to Identify Chemical Hazards. Thisis the understanding of employees that work within your engineering workplacecan use and understand the safety sheets that are provided in the workplace.These data sheets are used to provide the information’s of certain chemicalsthat have effects on health and safety.
This data sheet gives the informationon physical and chemical and the safe handling of these chemicals. If employeeshandle these chemicals then they will understand the written hazardcommunication plan. · Look for New Hazards When You Change Equipment,Materials, and Work Processes.
The identification of hazards when using newequipment or work process, this involves identifying the new hazards that mightoccur from the changes and how to eliminate or reduce the hazard. This processneed to happen at each site that has had new equipment or anything changed. · Identification of Root Causes of Hazards. Eachaccident that happens in a workplace has a root cause, these root causes canoccur due to inadequate training or poor supervision etc.
The root causes areinvestigated to reduce the possibility of them happening again, and theseinvestigations must be done accurately. An example of this hazardidentification is to have a reporting system where the reports written byemployees and people that were involved to identify the root cause of theincidence. Once this root cause is identified then there will be controlmeasures put into place to eliminate the cause. An example of a control measureis to tell the employs what they need to avoid to stop the root cause.· Regular Workplace Inspections. This is the process of the workplace having aregular inspection to identify and possible hazards that may of occurred sincethe last inspection.
Also, this is the procedure that current control measuresfor existing hazards are still implanted and working effectively. Allworkplaces and engineering business need a regular inspection routine in placethat will be inspect every part of the business so that the employees andpeople involved within a business are kept safe. Some business will have asafety committee in place so that after every inspection they evaluate theoverall health and safety of the business. http://osha.
oregon.gov/OSHAConstructionDepot/2016/07/how-to-identify-hazards.htmlOnce the hazards have been identifiedthen are suitable control measures put into place so that the tasks in theworkplace can remain to be done in a safe manner. A risk assessment is also acommon use for the identification of control measures. These control measuresare normally identified after you have evaluated the risks that occur withinthe workplace. The evaluation willdetermine the likelihood of the hazard harming someone that is involved in thebusiness or an employee. The principle of the control measure Is bases upon thefact of if you cant get rid of hazard then the principle of controlling thehazard so that it doesn’t cause any harm to someone within the business. Mostbusiness follow the main steps when approaching control measures:· Seeing if there is an alternate option that hasa reduced risk.
· Closing of all areas that may cause harm orhave a major hazard when possible· Reduce the exposure to hazards when possible sothe use of timetable and organising work periods.· Provided Personal Protective Equipment (PersonalProtective Equipment legislation)· Provided first aid equipment and other welfarefacilities in case an injury does happen.· Make sure all employees and people involved inthe workplace are aware of the hazards.For similar activities and jobs then there most likely willbe a model risk assessment that will show you the common hazards that areinvolved within that workplace/activity. These types of model risk assessmentscan be issued by certain health and safety organisations/bodies and thebusiness can decide if they would like to implement the risk assessment. Thiswill depend on whether the risk assessment is suitable to that business type ofwork or the business can adapt it so that it is relevant to the type of thework that the business does.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/toolbox/managing/managingtherisks.htmOnce you have established the control measures then youwould describe how they do prevent accidents from having within the workplace.The principle of controlling hazards in the workplace has got a legislation,Control of Substances Hazardous to Health. This legislation is in place toreduce the risk to health and safety when there is the use of hazardoussubstances used in the business/workplace.
This involves the prevention ofhazardous substances being exposed to employees and visitor within thebusiness. When a business starts they should take into account of using safersubstances that can replace hazardous ones. This legislation also recommends touse less hazardous forms of material e.g. if a substance is safer in solid formthen it is recommended that the solid form is used in storage and if possiblein manufacturing/within the business. To follow this legislation you can use:· Using equipment to control the hazards · Controlling the way jobs are done, so thereforechanging work procedures to make it less hazardous where possible. Furthermore,you could reduce exposure to the hazard and make sure equipment is maintained. · Make sure employees are following all thecontrol measures and behaving in a safe working manner.
Control equipment are one of the general ways to controlhazards, an example this equipment canbe general ventilation, extraction systems are used but if not possible thenthe business must provide respiratory protective equipment. Other example ofcontrol equipment is spillage capture also providing Personal ProtectiveEquipment. The ways of working in a business is controlled as well,this is the operating procedures, training and supervision, furthermore itinvolves the emergency procedures and maintenance of equipment.
This requires testingall the control that are in place and this should be done regularly so that thehazard has no chance of causing any harm to an employee or someone involvedwithin the business. After each one of these maintenance checks you should keeprecords of any work done such as repairs to equipment. This initially helpsidentifying any repeating patterns and will also identify any root causes ofhazards. Last of all worker behaviour is an important part of theCOSHH legislation. This means when there are control measures put in place thenthey must be followed to insure peoples safety and so that they are not exposedto unnecessary hazards. Prime examples of employee control measures are:wearing PPE when necessary and that it is full PPE, Following all the hygieneProcedures, reporting any problems that have occurred to the supervisors andusing all the control equipment. All of these Factors of the COSHH legislation are in placeto make sure that the workplace is hazard free and if there are hazards then that,they are controlled.
htmP2In this task I will be talking about the associated risksand hazards associated with a milling machine. I will be doing this by making arisk assessment that shows the hazards, the level of the risk associated withthese hazards and the control measures in place to minimalize/neutralize theserisks. Milling Machine Risk Assessment. Potential Hazard People Affected Risk Level Control Measures Cuttings that have come of the milled piece of material. The employee using the machine and people surrounding the machine Medium An emergency stop button if the amount of debris is too much to so the person using the machine will no longer be safe. A guard that sits in appropriate position so that most of the debris will hit the guard.
A vacuum that should be provided to remove the cuttings from the work area, when the machine is not in use. Where PPE in case the cuttings move in the direction of the operator. Harm from the rotating milling piece. The employee using the milling machine. High A plastic guard that surrounds part of the rotating milling piece, so that there is less surface area for the operator to touch. An emergency stop button so that the machine can be stopped if the operator gets caught in the milling machine. Only people that have suitable training are allowed to use the milling machine and if they are not trained then they must be supervised by someone who is. A clamp used to hold thee material down so that the operator doesn’t need to put his hand near the rotating milling piece when the machine is in use.
Enough space provided around the machine so that operator doesn’t get pushed or interfered with whilst using the machine. Flying pieces of the milling machine, due to cutting to heavier materials. People that situated near the machine. Low Warning signs that show the weight limits for the milling machine. Where PPE so if the machine does break then PPE will reduce the injury that could be caused. An emergency stop button so if you can visually see the machine begin to fail then you can stop the machine therefore neutralising the risk.
Only people trained can use the machine and if they are aware of milling heavier pieces then the process should be supervised. Slip, trip and fall Hazards in the Workplace. Everyone who is located within that work area. Medium.
All debris is cleaned up of the floor regularly and if there is a slip hazard then there should be a sign provided so that there is minimal chance of anyone slipping. Clean up the slip hazard immediately. If needed then use moisture-absorbent mats so that all liquid slip hazards can be absorbed. Manual handling of heavy items such as vices and heavy pieces of material that needs to be milled. The person handling the heavy object and surrounding people. Medium Don’t move the heavy items unless necessary and if they are needed to move then make sure two people move the item.
Wear the suitable footwear so if you do drop the item/equipment then it will cause minimal harm. Accidental starting of the milling machine. The people that are anywhere near the machine. Low When the machine is not being used then turn it off at the supply when possible so that its less likely to accidentally turn the machine on. An emergency button so that if the machine is accidentally turned on then it can be stopped quickly. Have a two step system so that its harder to accidentally turn the milling machine on. Sharp edges on cutters, work pieces and swarf.
People handling the cutters the work pieces and swarf. High Avoid handling the Cutters, work pieces and swarf when possible and use Gloves accept from when using the milling machine. Keep the sharp edges pointed away from the body when possible.
Make sure there is enough space for you to move around safely when handling the cutters, work pieces and swarf.