In Some countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, kids
had been accused of witchcraft, not for making sorcery, but for having something
evil or contact with the occult and/ or made gods angry and this is for them,
the cause that makes them different from other children. This accusations, had
been don from someone inside family, or from the community.
“Proofs” of being guilty are any criteria
that might seem different from “normal children”, that they look different, act
different of were born different. These kids turn to be vulnerable physically and
emotionaly because the way they are treated. This is mostly divided in three categories:
The first category, are regular
orphans who lost one or both parents, or have any disability or illness.
The second category are children
that had an special birth: such as premature births, twins, the breech
positions, face-up position
The third category involves
children with albinism, this kids are the most vulnerable, as they believe they
have different hidden powers, and their organs are sold to have those powers.
with these arguments, any child can be accused of witchcraft just because they
are “different” to “normal” kids, and they are worried about evil going trhough
these accusation could seem part of their believes, social studies had find ut
that it turns to be also an economic situation: if the kid dies during exorcism
there is one mouth less to be fed, or also the leaders of Pentescotal churches,
charge fees for these exorcisms and they have found a business in these
kid is accued of witchcradt, they are forced (with different methods) to
confess something they even don´t know. Normally they end up saying they are
doing witchcraft because of the violent methods. Next steps could be swallow a poison,
fastening, potting soubstances in the eyes, ears, mouth in order to end up with
the evil, to different ways of torture, many of the children die during the
confessions or the procedures.
child survives, normally he is rejected from the community, turning him into an
abandoned child and starts living in the streets and suffering the same as
these children: alchohol, drugs, physical and sexual abuse, which is a
violation to their rights.
from Sub-Saharan Africa, keep this beliefs, so this can also be found in other
countries in a minimun scale.
“Limited medical knowledge about illnesses
combined with such a cultural belief system “predisposes people to look for
scapegoats for who is responsible” (MacLean, 2014).