INR FINAL

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Last updated: April 29, 2019

The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 was a(n)
policy of exclusion meant to direct European powers to stay out of the Americas.

The Washington Consensus refers to
a series of neoliberal economic reforms

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Dependency Theory refers to the idea that
divides poor developing countries into the “periphery,” who are exploited by the wealthy Core countries

The Union of South American Nations (Spanish–Union de Naciones Suramericans) or UNASUR is the union of MERCOSUR and CAN, and focuses on trade, security, and politics.
true

David Campbell suggests that the relationship between knowledge and power is that power shapes knowledge.

True–David Campbell suggests that the relationship between knowledge and power is that power shapes knowledge. He illustrates it using the Mercator and Peters projections of the global map (p,224-225), suggesting that powerful Europeans put themselves at the center of the map, though they were not actually at the center of the world. He contrasts the commonly used map with a southern-centered one.

Positivism was founded on an empiricist theory of knowledge which argued that sensory experience provides the only legitimate source of knowledge. Here, the knower and the known are independent.Correct!
True– Positivism was founded on an empiricist theory of knowledge which argued that sensory experience provides the only legitimate source of knowledge.

Here, the knower and the known are independent. See discussion on p.227.

Poststructuralism is interested in
the social construction of meaning the linguistic construction of reality the historicity of knowledge divorcing from empiricism for post-empiricism all of the above

efers to a specific series of representations and practices through which meanings are produced, identities constituted, social relations established, and political and ethical outcomes made more or less possible, according to poststructuralists.
{Discourse} refers to a specific series of representations and practices through which meanings are produced, identities constituted, social relations established, and political and ethical outcomes made more or less possible, according to poststructuralists, p.234-235.

characterized colonialism as a process through which the world was divided into “five hundred million men” and “one thousand five hundred million natives.

Franz Fanon

is the idea that identities and culture have their own necessary features which are impermeable to those of others.
essentialism –Essentialism is the idea that identities and culture have their own necessary features which are impermeable to those of others. See discussion on p.252.

Grovogui claims that postcolonial theory does not assign states responsibilities within the international community. It only critiques the ‘white man’s burden’ notion of duty that ‘great states’ have now.
p.263, postcolonialism is also certain of its responsibility and duty toward other members of the international community.

The Roosevelt Corollary is
the assertion that the US could intervene in Latin America (especially when US commercial interests were at risk)

Why was the Panama Canal important to the US? (select all that apply)
It provided a new route for international trade and military transport.–It was strategic during WWI and WWII.

Where did the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put offensive missiles?
Cuba

A Banana Republic is
an economy largely dependent on exporting a limited-resource product, and operates as a commercial enterprise for private profit.

Feminists have claimed that only by introducing gender analysis could the differential impact of the state system and the global economy on the lives of women and men be fully understood.
True–Feminists have claimed that only by introducing gender analysis could the differential impact of the state system and the global economy on the lives of women and men be fully understood.

Text lifted from p.205.

Feminist work has broadened the definition and analysis of security with particular interest in understanding economic insecurity as it differentially affects women.
True–Feminist work has broadened the definition and analysis of security with particular interest in understanding economic insecurity as it differentially affects women. See p.

214-215.

Carol Cohn suggests that what was striking about the defense professionals who abstracted war and plotted mass death was that they were charming and likable.Correct!
true

Africa is a country.
False

Africa was part of the New Imperialism (1881-1914) in which European powers carved up colonies for themselves.
True

All of these countries held colonies within Africa *except*
Lithuania.

The Berlin Conference (1884) divided up the continent of Africa between the French, German, British, and Portuguese, being sure to keep in mind the existing ethnic and cultural boundaries of the people already living there.
False

Green theory emerged ..

..

in response to modern ecological crisis, advocating for attention to environmental concerns–Green theory arose in response to modern ecological crisis, advocating for attention to environmental concerns (p.267-268).

The first wave of green theory critiqued both Western-style capitalism and Soviet-style communism, both of which were regarded as different versions of the same industrialism – which is bad for the environment.
The first wave of green theory critiqued both Western-style capitalism and Soviet-style communism, both of which were regarded as different versions of the same industrialism – which is bad for the environment. See text on p.

269. TRUE

Green international relations theories see the politics of climate change no differently than liberal theories – they just alert liberal theories that it is something worth thinking about.
False–Green theories, according to Eckersley, radically rethink the way that climate change is portrayed. See p.278-281.

According to Colin Hay, it is difficult to conceive of a topic more controversial or that has given rise to a greater proliferation of literature in recent years than the nature, extent, and consequences of the “War on Terror.”
False–According to Colin Hay, it is difficult to conceive of a topic more controversial or that has given rise to a greater proliferation of literature in recent years than the nature, extent, and consequences of globalization (p.287).

Which of the following is not a potential index of globalization listed in the textbook
the proliferation of multilingual people and businesses. –cross-border flows of goods, investment, and information; trans-national processes of political deliberation and decision-making; inter-dependence between states; the development of a world system whose dynamic and developmental trajectory is not reducible to the simple product of the units/states which comprise it; the proliferation of problems to which global solutions are required; and the development of institutions charged with responsibility for fashioning genuinely global public policy are listed as potential indexes in table 15.2 on p.

294.

Globalization is counterposed to international and globalization …

.because policy-makers may embrace globalization by, for instance, promoting a global regime of free trade and free capital mobility both domestically and on the international stage.

Globalization is counterposed to {protectionism} and {isolationism} .

…because policy-makers may embrace globalization by, for instance, promoting a global regime of free trade and free capital mobility both domestically and on the international stage. See text on p.

296.

Globalization is uncontroversially a positive force in people’s lives in the IR literature.
false

The “Arab Spring” is
uprisings against totalitarian governments in the ‘Arab’ world beginning in the Winter of 2010 through the current Syrian uprising.

Just like in Africa, the borders between European imperial powers in the Middle East are important in understanding the region’s contemporary issues.
True

One country that has negative relations with Israel, that are exacerbated with nuclear tensions, is ______.

Iran

Many Middle Eastern countries (along with several North African countries, and select others in the world) are part of the economic international organization called
OPEC

In the “second debate” in International Relations,
scientifically-minded International relations scholars looked to define and redefine systematic scientific methods of inquiry for the discipline of IR.

____ theory does not attempt to generate, or track, causal patterns over time, but asks, “How is this thing constituted?”
{Constitutive} theory does not attempt to generate, or track, causal patterns over time, but asks, How is this thing constituted? p.28.

Ole Waever suggests that IR is …
something that should aspire to the ideal of relevance through theory, navigating a middle ground.

–Ole Waever suggests that IR is something that should aspire to the ideal of relevance through theory, navigating a middle ground. See discussion on p.323-324.

Waever thinks we should stop talking about IR as a series of great debates already.
False–He sees debatism as a part of the structure of the discipline, and sees it as helping us understand what the discipline is.

See discussion on p.317.

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