Type: Definition Essays
Sample donated: Justin Rios
Last updated: September 23, 2019
Introduction Education is a field of study that dealswith method and knowledge, skills, understanding that you get from attendingschool, college or university. The 1987 constitution also stimulates that allrights of very Filipinos to avail quality education in all levels. Educationalso occupies a central place in the Philippines political, economic, social,and cultural, life.
It is also been strongly viewed as a pillar of nationaldevelopment and a primary avenue for social and economic mobility (UNESCO,2008). For the past decades the Philippine education system has subscribe the K-10format which implies a 10 year education which has six years of elementaryeducation (Grade 1 to Grade 6) and four years of secondary education . To the factthat only the Philippines is the only remaining Asian state that followed K10program (Department of Education, 2010). A proactive strategy plan was initiated by the Philippine governmentthrough the reform in educational system.
This educational system resulted tothe implementation of the K-12 basic education curriculum which aims to addressonslaught of globalization and regional cooperation for the graduations ofHigher Educational System Institution to be globally competitive (UP systemInformation Office, 2013). The proposed educational reform in the Philippinesis primarily driven by the effort to meet the standards of education in globalworld where our graduates with only ten years of basic education are at thedisadvantaged (Tabora, 2012). Unlike theprogram, the K-12 basic education system was a mandatory year of pre elementary(kindergarten) followed by six years of elementary education (Grade 1 to Grade6) , 4 years of being a junior high school (Grade 7 to Grade 10) and two yearsfor senior high school (Grade 11 to Grade 12 ). It was also institutionalizedunder the Republic Act No. 10533 enable the nationwide implementation making asthe K-12 a legal framework in the Philippines basic education system (Okabe, 2013).Through media publicy and pronouncement of the former President Aquino and hiseducational minister Armin Luis, the goals and the objectives of the shift areundoubtedly well meaning. The Department of Education discussion paper 2010cited a list of the following ideas for the shifts: “1Enhancing the qualityof basic education in the Philippines is urgent and critical.
2Thepoor quality of basic education is reflected in the low achievement score ofFilipinos students. 3Trends in International Mathematics and ScienceStudy (UP Information Office, 2013). 4The congested curriculumpartly explains the present state of education. 5 The quality ofeducation if reflected in the inadequate preparation of high school graduatesfor the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education. 6Mostgraduating students are too young to enter the labor force implies that therewere who do not pursue higher education would be venerable to exploitationlabor practice. 7The current system also reinforce the misperceptionthat the basic education is just a preparatory step for higher education.
8Theshort duration of the basic education also puts the million of overseasFilipinos workers (OFW’s) especially the professionals and those who intend towork abroad end up as an informal laborer or who are underemployed”. Similarly, as the country launches anew education policy it is important to examine new the policy interpolatedwith the existing through on education. The Philippine Educational System is adoor example of a boat sailing in a body of changes and challenges as a matterof fact of followed the same pattern of education as that of the rest of theworld (De Guzman, 2013). As it is the first time to implement K-12 program inthe Philippines , this study does a bit of research on many existing literaturesand clearer evidences on how or data can make a better understanding of affectivityon K-12 curriculum to the lives of the Filipino students and how can theFilipino families or society can benefit it. Theoretical BackgroundThis study is anchored on different theories to supportthe foundation of changing Philippine basic educational system: 1.) Philippine educationcauses political and economical breakdown.
Accordingto Laguatan (2011) because of severe economic depression ,lack of jobopportunities and political oppression thousands of Filipinos are desperatelyselecting better lives for themselves. Their families took risk and bravelywent to different countries to seek whatever jobs were available. This meansdue to the consequences and treats of Marcos dictatorship, Filipinos migratedto work abroad end up being unemployed or underemployed.2.
) The TranstheoreticalModel (TTM). This model attends to therole of uncertainty towards change and it as find that there are six (6) stagesto identify the behavioral changes (Howley, 2012). The first stage 1Precontemplation stage: (Not ready),people in this stage do not tend take action in foreseeable future. 2Contemplation stage: (Getting Ready),it is the stage in which people intend to changes. 3Preparatory stage: (Ready), where peoplemake specific behavioral changes and actively pursue changes.4Active stage, people make specificbehavioral changes and actively pursue change 5Maintenance stage;a stage where individuals strive to avoid resuming old behavior.
6Termination stage; where it is thelatest stage where people are no longer resuming the old behavior as the newbehavior becomes a habit (Persey & et.al , 1999).3.) The Loucks and PrattModel. Found out by Loucks, S andPratt, H (1979) suggest that the model defines the field of education to helpthe district of the school and modify their practice.
4.) Diffusion ofInnovation Model. Which seeks toexplain how innovation spread through groups (Rogers, 1961). This model alsolook into how individual value and accept changes as an advantage of as itimproves the previous generation (Robinsons, 2009). This four theories where chosen for a two number ofreason; first they characterized in hoe should the K10 be changed, second theview of readiness to undertake the changes should be characterized bypreparation stages which at this point individuals have to consider theiroptions and make a decision to have forward, hence in making preparation places(Howley, 2012). This study finds “information-seeking andinformation-processing activity” where the each individual are motivated to indentifythe advantages and disadvantages of the full implementation of the K-12program. Statement of the Problem This study aims to assess the readiness and effectivenessof the K-12 program for the beneficiary of Humanities and Social Sciences(HUMSS) senior high school students (Grade 11-12) studied at the University ofCebu in the school year 2017-2018.
Specially, it seeks to answer thefollowing questions :1.) What are the profile of HUMSS Senior High School Studentsin terms of :1.1 Age1.
2 Educational Aspect1.3 Family BackgroundA. Types of FamilyB. Members of the Family1.4 Environmental Background A. Type of CommunityB. Societal Background1.
5 Financial Capabilities 2.) What are the level of effectiveness of the curriculum forthe lives of Senior High School Students and to their family: 2.1 Preparation of the Program A. Preparationof the Educational Materials B.
Preparation of Teachers and Educational Sectors C.Preparation of School Facilities D. Qualityof Education for Real-life Connection 2.2 Real-World Preparation A. Level of Education B. Employment C. Professionalism D.
Global Competencies3.) How important is the new curriculum to the lives ofthe Filipino Youth? Hypotheses · The implementation ofK-12 program needs more improvement in terms of guidelines , re classificationof services offered by the program to become more understandable and to producean efficient productive future graduates. Scope and Delimitation This study focuses on the assessmentof effectiveness of the K-12 curriculum implementation to the Philippineeducational system and the self –assessment on readiness of the Humanities andSocial Sciences (HUMSS ) students and their affecting families face the radicalchanges into their lives.
The effectiveness of the K-12curriculum will assess a centralized new educational system to improve thequality of education in the Philippines eligibility of competency preparedness ofcourse steamlining, workforce surplus and the alternative programs of thehigher educational institutions. Next are the effects of the additional years spend insecondary education of Senior High School Students and to their families due tothe new policy and financial expenses for school funds of their child. The University of Cebu Main Campus–New Building is the where the study will be conducted and the senior highschool department serves as the respondents of the study. Significance of the Study The study will greatly benefit the following :Department of Education. As the key catalyst of educational system, thegovernment agency will benefit from this Senior High School Students’ feedbacksto analyze if the program needs to render better services , by this they canenhance the revisions of the implementation of the program.Parents.
As the supporters of theirSHS students they will realized the importance of enhancing the level ofeducation of their children as it helps them to nourish their hiddenpotentials, great number of opportunities rises to the future of theirchildren’s wellbeing.Teachers. As the agents of change, this will provide them anoptimistic approach in enhancing the competitiveness of the Filipinos graduatesin unified interventions, assistance to guarantee smooth success of theimplementation of the program.Schools.
As the custodian of changes and managers of educational institutionor schools that they will provide multi-facilitated services and programs towidely imply the new curriculum for theneeds of the Senior High School students. Definition of TermsPillar-a person or a thing regarded as reliably providing essential support forsomething.Avenue-a way of approaching a problem or making progress towards something.
Economicmobility- is the ability of an individual, family or some other group toimprove (or lower) their economic status—usually measured in income.Proactive-(ofa person, policy or action) creating or controlling a situation by causingsomething to happened rather than responding to it after it has happened.Onslaught-a large quality of people or things that is difficult to cope with. Exploitation- the action or fact of treating someoneunfairly in order to benefit from their work.Interpolate-insert (something of a different nature) into.Eligibility-the state of having the right to do or obtain something satisfaction of theappropriate conditions.Surplus- more than what is needed or used, excess.