IntroductionTawheed means oneness is (wahad) i.e one and its derivatives are (wahdan) i.e unique and (wah’datan) i.e incomparable. Waheed or Wahad denotesthat being which, in its existence and attributes is unique and incomparable.It means Allah the most high is unique and incomparable in his being andattributes. It means to believe in oneness of Allah. That is to believe thatthere is no god beside Allah.
All the legitimate acts of worship must bededicated to him alone. He is the sole creator and maintainer of the universeand what is in it. Thethree aspects of TawheedThey are 3 categories of tawheed :-1. Tawheedar – Rubiyah (Maintaining the unity of lordship)2.
Tawheed– al Asma was – sifat (Maintaining the unity of Allah’s name’s and attributes)3. Tawheedal – Ibadah (Maintaining the unity of Allah’s worship) 1. Tawheedar – RubiyahThis type is to affirm that Allah is one andunique in his action’s, such as creation, provision, giving life and death.
Noone deserved to be worshipped except Allah alone. We should supplicate Allahalone, seeks his help, trust him and dedicates legitimate worship to him alone.The faith in the oneness of Allah is to believe that Allah is unique in hisbeing, incomparable and without any partners. He has no wife, nor children nordoes he have mother or father. He is not a part of any other being, nor is anyother being a part of him.Surah112 Al- Ikhlas (Purity)(i) Say, heis Allah the one.
(ii) Allahthe self-sufficient master.(iii) He givesno birth and nor was he born.(iv) Andthere is no one like him. 2. Tawheedal- Asma Was – SifatThistype is to believe that Allah enjoys unique divine name’s and attributes withwhich Allah has named and qualified himself and those with which his messenger,may Allah exalt has mention named and qualified him without comparing him withhis creatures and without suspending, distorting the meaning if his names andattributes.Theattributes of Allah are countless and so many that it is not possible even toenumerate them or even to imagine them.Thistype of divine attributes are: -The First ruleAll ofthe names of Allah are beautiful and perfect and are free from everyprobability of defect.The Second ruleThenames of Allah are both appellations and epithets; appellations in term of hisessence and epithets in term of the meaning and significance.
As forappellations such as the Living, the Hearer, the Seer are all names of one god,Allah the Exalted. In terms of epithets each one of these names has a differentsignification then the others. That is his name, the Living has a differentmeaning then of the Hearer.The Third rulea) Confirmingthe name as one of Allah’s.
b) Confirmingthe attribute that the name signifies as one of Allah’s.c) Confirmingthe ruling of that name.TheFourth ruleWe cannot give Allah name’s that he has notnamed himself with, nor did his messenger, may Allah exalt has mention, namedhim with.TheFifth ruleThe names of Allah are not limited to a certainnumber. There is a hadith which is related to the prophet, may Allah exaltmention, signifying that Allah 99 names, but this does not mean he has no othernames.TheSixth ruleName’s and attributes of Allah should not besuspended or distorted.a. Theydeny some of these names, their signification or rulings.
b. Theyhold them to resemble human attributes.c. Theygive Allah names that he has not named himself. (Murad, 2006) 3. Tawheedal – IbadahIt isalso called as Tawheed al – Ululiyah.
This type is the dedication of all actsof worship, vows, rules, prayers, charity etc. to Allah alone. Oneness in worshipis that every form of worship should be for Allah only and no one else shouldbe joined in it.
In the Quran the word worship is used in two different meanings:-Firstly, in the form of worship.(41:37) Surah al Fussilat Verse no.37Prostratenot to the sun and the moon, but prostrate to Allah, who created them, if it ishim you wish to serve.
Secondly is used in the meaning ofobedience and subordination(36:60) Surah al Yaseen Verse no. 60Did notenjoin on you, O you children of Adam, that you should not worship Satan; forthat he was to you an enemy a vowed? ConclusionOne hasto maintain all three aspects of Tawheed to be considered a Muslim because itis the very first step a Muslim takes in the path of Islam. Every human beingis born with primordial nature of acknowledging Allah as his creator but hisparents turn him into Muslim or non – Muslim. Allah says in the hadeeth I havecreated all my creatures believing in my oneness, but devil leads them astray.
The whole Quran proves the oneness of Allah. The quranic chapters containinformation about Allah’s name’s and attributes for worshipping him andascribing no partner to him. They contain command and prohibition’s that areright’s necessitated by tawheed. Allah promises rewards to those who believe inhis oneness and punishment who do not believe. Testimony of faith is the keythat open’s the gate of Islam to enter it. Tawheed is essential for man aswater and air.
It is the religion of religion. Without this a person is lostand confused. Prophet Muhammed (SAW) was concerned throughout his life withstrengthening the Tawheed in the hearts of his companion. Quranic revelationfor the first 13 years during the Makkan period spoke mainly about one issuethat is Tawheed.
(Masumi, 2006) References Masumi, B. b. (2006). Islamic education series – Book 8. Riyadh. Murad, M.
R. (2006). The articles of faith. Riyadh.