Introduction:To outsiders, Dissociative Identity Disorder may beviewed as a weakness when actually is it the exceptionally strong desire to endure.DID, also known as multiple personality disorder, is a psychological conditionwhich is a severe form of dissociation.
According to (Tracy, 2017) thisdisorder only affects 1% of the population, which is very rare. This is aflawed mental process that causes a shortage of connection in a person’sthoughts, emotional state, actions, or sense of identity. Essentially, it ischaracterized by two or more distinct characters, or the presence of multiplepersonality states in the effected person, that alternately take control of anindividual. These states are interchangeably exhibited in one’s behaviour, recollection,and cognizance (Dissociative Identity Disorder, 2005). So how does suffering with Dissociative Identity Disorderaffect daily life as well as interactions and relationships? Affected personsover time develop personality diversions in an effort to escape previoussituations, therefore the alternate personalities that emerge results in randomdissociations from others and in turn fail to foster normal relationships withthem. Multiple personality disorder isrelated to psychology, psychology mainly focuses on the human brain and how itfunctions, as well as concentrating on personal events.Symptoms:DID will often become noticeable in behaviouralsituations where differences willreflect on the affected individual.
Because the condition will present itselfin alternate character traits manifested in speech, attitudes, genderorientation, mannerisms, and physical tendencies, DID sufferers oftenexperience severe dissociation from others. According to Spring (2012) furtherdistinct indications are “two or more voices that converse or argue,persecutory voices that comment harshly, make threats, or commandself-destructive acts, posttraumatic flashbacks, and finding evidence of one’srecent actions.”Causes:Contrary to what one would intuitively believe,multiple personality disorder is not hereditary or an imbalance of the brain causedby an aberrant gene.
According to Tracy(2017), “People with DID tend to have personal histories of recurring,overpowering, severe and often life-threatening traumas such as physical orsexual abuse before the age of nine; which is thought to be a key developmentalage.” Overwhelming neglect and emotional abuse are also thought to be contributingfactors and similarly, DID is often a consequence of war, accidents or naturaldisasters. Similarly, signs of dissociation can also be a psychological reactionto serious environmental and interpersonal stressors. (Tracy, 2017) stated that”in order to survive this stress, a person separates his or her thoughts,feelings, actions and memories associated with the traumatic experience fromhis or her usual level of consciousness.
” It therefore becomes a behaviouralmanner of repressing recollections of traumatized memories and an evolved wayof escaping unfortunate past occurrences Impacts:It seems as though living an ordinary life is almostimpossible with DID. The distressing symptoms can heavily affect a person’sfamily life, social life, romantic life, and employment. The differentcharacters may exhibit differences in speech, mannerisms, attitudes, thoughts,gender orientation, and even physical properties such as right-or-lefthandedness.
A regular day for manybattling DID may begin with the inability to just get out of bed after continuouslybeing interrupted from sleep by nightmares. Everyday activities such as simply starting the shower may trigger theupset thoughts of past abuses. Each dayis filled with the processes of making consideration to shelter the once youngbut injured self from the contemporary realities of carrying on within society.These challenges exist and are carried from one day to the next even while thestruggles to cope with them go largely unnoticed. The sudden changes incharacter can make social interactions difficult, in that the person willgenerally try to avoid communication in the first place rather than subjectothers to conversations that suddenly switch identities. With this cognizanceof the personality downfall, individuals will be inclined to withdraw frompersonal relationships due to others being intolerant of the peculiar symptoms. (Dissociative Identity Disorder andLiving Day-to-Day, 2016).
Treatment:Although there is no cure for DID and whiletreatment for this condition may take several years, it is effective. Withvarious different forms of therapy used to help eliminate certain behaviours,psychotherapy is regarded as the most effective and common way of treating it. After therapist treatments, patients developimproved relationships with people, which help with feelings they had beenunable to cope with and express normally prior to receiving assistance. Analternative method is using hypnosis, the purpose is to increase the controlover one’s character states by familiarizing them with their symptoms andidentities. Finally, medication can be prescribed to alleviate psychiatricissues such as depression, anxiety, anger issues, and impulse-control problems.The approaches outlined aren’t guaranteed to work, however they are each or insome combination demonstrably beneficial in assisting individuals overcome thisdisruptive condition (Dryden-Edwards, 2016).
Conclusion:In summary, the condition of multiple personalitydisorder has gained an increased awareness in the mental health field sheddingnew light on the causes and remedies. Theproblems of dissociation through research has come to light in those who had inmost cases suffered in childhood through serious emotional stress related to anincident or through neglect that brings continuous recurrence of agonizingmemories. As a person with Dissociative Identity Disorder will react insocietal environments by displaying alternate personality traits, the problemis exacerbated due to others engaged in the same social setting potentiallyavoiding interaction with affected individual. With developed remedies rangingfrom psychotherapy to prescribed medication, there is hope that an individual,while not entirely cured, however will be able to beneficially reduce these differentbehaviours and regain the capability to maintain productive relationships.