Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Pauline Houston
Last updated: September 21, 2019
Introduction Educationis measured as a basic constraint and a fundamental right for the citizens ofany nation. It is a powerful tool for reducing inequality as it can give peoplethe ability to become independent.
Women, who come across discrimination inmany spheres, have a particular requirement for this. Women Empowerment is aglobal problem and discussion on women political right are at the fore front ofmany formal and informal campaigns worldwide. It was introduced at theinternational women conference at NAROIBI in 1985. Education is regarded as an important milestone ofwomen empowerment because it enables them to face the challenges, to confronttheir traditional role and change their life. Education of women is the mostpowerful tool of change their position in the society. Still large womenfolk ofour country are illiterate, backward, weak, and exploited.
Education alsoreduces inequalities and functions as a means of improving their status withinthe family. Empowerment and capacity building provides women an avenue toacquire practical information and learning for their improved livelihoods.India can become a developed nation only if women contribute to the best of hercapacity and ability which is possible when she is educated and empowered.Literacyrate in India Year Persons Male Female 1901 5.3 9.
8 0.7 1911 5.9 10.6 1.
1 1921 7.2 12.2 1.8 1931 9.5 15.6 2.9 1941 16.1 24.
9 7.3 1951 16.7 24.
9 7.3 1961 24.0 34.4 13.0 1971 29.5 39.
5 18.7 1981 36.2 46.
9 24.8 1991 52.1 63.
9 39.2 2001 65.38 76.0 54.0 2011 74.04 82.14 65.46 Source: Census of India (2011)On observing the above table, we come to know thatat no point could the literacy rate of women match that of men.
As a result,even after 65 years of independence, women occupy a secondary position in oursocial hierarchy. Inspire of being aware of her position, women can’t transformthe situation due to lack of education. Therefore, women’s empowerment can’t beeffected unless we persuade the importance of women’s education.
Womenempowerment through education Women empowerment is the pivotal part in anysociety, state or country. It is a woman who plays a dominant role in the basiclife of a child. Women are an important section of our society. Education asmeans of empowerment of women can bring about a positive attitudinal change. Itis therefore, crucial for the socioeconomic and political progress of India.The Constitution of India empowers the state to adopt affirmative measures forprompting ways and means to empower women. Education significantly makesdifference in the lives of women. Women Empowerment is a global issue and discussionon women political right are at the fore front of many formal and informalcampaigns worldwide.
Education is milestone of women empowerment because itenables them to responds to the challenges, to confront their traditional roleand change their life. So we can’t neglect the importance of education inreference to women empowerment. To see the development in women education Indiais supposed to upcoming super power of the world in recent years. Theincreasing change in women education, the empowerment of women has beenrecognised as the central issue in determining the status of women.4 forbecoming super power we have mostly to concentrate upon the women’s education.
By which it will force on women’s empowerment. As per united national development fund for women(UNIFEM) the term women’s empowerment means: • Acquiring knowledge and understanding of genderrelations and the ways in which these relations may be changed. • Developing a sense of self-worth, a belief inone’s ability to secure desired changes and the right to control one’s life. • Gaining the ability to generate choices exercisebargaining power. • Developing the ability to organize and influencethe direction of social change, to create a more just social and economicorder, nationally and internationally. Thus, empowerment means a psychologicalsense of personal control or influence and a concern with actual socialinfluence, political power and legal rights. It is a multi level constructreferring to individuals, organizations and community.
It is an international,ongoing process centred in the local community, involving mutual respect,critical reflection, caring and group participation, through which peoplelacking an equal share of valued resources gain greater access to the controlover this resource.ConstitutionalProvisions, Special Laws And National Policies in Support of Women Empowerment The importance of women as an important humanresource was recognized by the Constitution of India which not only accordedequality to women but also empowered the State. A number of Articles of theConstitution repeated towards the socio-economic development of women andparticipation decision making. These are: Ø Article 14Men and women to have equal rights and opportunities in the political, economicvand social spheres. Ø Article 15(1)Prohibits discrimination against any citizens on the grounds of religion, race,vsex, caste etc. Ø Article 16Equality of opportunities in matter of public appointments for all citizens. Ø Article 39(d)Equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
v Ø Article 42The state to make provision for ensuring first and humane conditions of workand maternity relief. Ø Governmenthas also enacted specific laws to safeguard the interests of women and for upvgradation of their status. These are: Ø The Hindu Succession Act, 1956which provides for women the right to parental property.Ø The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961which declares the taking of dowry an unlawful activityvand thereby prevents the exploitation of women. Ø Equal Remuneration Act, 1976which provides payment of remuneration equal with men for work of equalvalue. Ø The Medical Termination ofPregnancy Act, 1971 which legalizes abortion conceding the rightof women to go for abortion on the ground of physical and mental health.
Ø The Criminal Law Amendment Act,1983which seeks to stop various types of crimesv againstwomen. Ø The Indecent Representation ofWomen (Prohibition) Act, 1986 which prohibits the vulgarpresentation of women in the media such as- newspapers, cinema, T.V. etc.
Ø The Protection of Women fromDomestic Violence Act, 2005 provides for more effectiveprotection of the rights of women guaranteed under the Constitution who arevictims of violence of any kind occurring within the family. The goal of National Policy for the Empowerment ofWomen, 2001 is to bring about the advancement, development and empowerment ofwomen. The policy states that: “Equal access to education for women and girlswill be ensured. Special measures will be taken to eliminate discrimination,universalize, education, eradicate illiteracy and create gender sensitiveeducational system, increase enrolment and retention rates of girls and improvethe quality of education to facilitate life-long learning as well asdevelopment of vocational or technical skills of women. Reducing gender gap insecondary and higher education would be a focus area. Specific time targets inexisting policies will be achieved, with special focus on girls and women, partcurly those belonging to weaker sections including theSC/ST/OBC/Minorities.”Educationalequality Another area in which women’s equality has shown amajor improvement as a result of adult literacy programs is the area ofenrolment of boys and girls in schools. As a result of higher participation ofwomen in literacy campaigns, the gender gap in literacy levels is graduallygetting reduced.
Even more significant is the fact that disparity in enrolmentof boys and girls in neo-literate households is much lowered compared to thenon-literate householders. The world has achieved equality in primary educationbetween girls and boys. But few countries have achieved that target at alllevels of education. The political participation of women keeps increasing. InJanuary 2014, in 46 countries more than 30% of members of parliament in atleast one chamber were women. In many countries, gender in equality persistsand women continue to face discrimination in access to education, work andeconomic assets, and participation in government.
12 Women and girls face barriersand disadvantages in every sector in which we work. Around the world 62 milliongirls are not in school. Globally, 1 in 3 women will experience gender-basedviolence in her lifetime. In the developing world, 1 in 7 girls is marriedbefore her 15th birthday, with some child brides as young as 8 or 9. Each yearmore than 287,000 women, 99 percent of them in developing countries, die frompregnancy and childbirth-related complications. While women make up more than40 percent of the agriculture labour force only 3 to 20 percent are landholders.
Putting women and girls on equal footing with men and boys have the power totransform every sector in which we work. The gender equality and women’sempowerment isn’t a part of development but at the core of development. To getrid of this we have to make some educational awareness programmes on genderequality and women empowerment for cementing our commitment to supporting womenand girls.ConclusionThere is a positive relationship between educationand woman empowerment.
Another important aspect in this regard is that, inthese societies the issue of women empowerment has been facing certain seriouschallenges, which are outcome of some certain evil norms and attitude such aschild labour, child marriage, illiteracy, superstition, partial attitude of theparents, female feticides, etc. and in such a situation women empowerment is anurgent necessity. In order to promote women’s empowerment, it is necessary tocreate an environment that will allow women to participate in educationalprograms and share the benefits. The educational and other policies for womenempowerment should be implemented in reality for empowering women in the world.Unless women are educated they will not be able to understand about theirrights and their importance.
Empowerment of women aims at striving towardsacquiring higher literacy level and education, better health care for women andtheir children, equal ownership of productive resources, increasedparticipation in economic and commercial sectors, awareness of their rights,improved standard of living and to achieve self reliance, self-confidence andself-respect among women.