Introduction limitation is directed on “how to get


            The second theorist video I chose to
watch is “Madeleine Leininger – Transcultural Nursing Care.” In this video,
Leininger discovered the importance of the quality of caring in nursing. She
believes that “caring is the modality of nursing” (Madeleine Leininger – Transcultural Nursing Care video file,
2012). Leininger experienced what she described as “cultural shock” when she
began to work as a children clinical specialist where the children that came to
this setting came from many different cultures and expressed their behavior and
needs in different ways. Leininger then realized that something is missing in
nursing and this something is culture. This is how she came to developed the
Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory. Her goal is to provide care to
patients consistent with their cultural values and beliefs.

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or Disagree with Theorist

            In the video, Leininger stated that
in order “to understand patients, the nurse must understand their cultural
background” (Madeleine Leininger –
Transcultural Nursing Care video file, 2012). I agree with her because
nurses who understands and values their patients’ cultural background will be
able to provide a more specific quality of care that is individualized and
meaningful to patients with diverse cultural background. In addition, in
nursing practice, nurses provide holistic care. This means planning care that
meets our patient’s individual needs. To do so, nurses must understand their
patient’s cultural differences in their care plans. Leininger mentioned that
tying culture and care plans together will provide nurses with quality specific
care based on patient’s culture and needs. It is important for nurses to be
culturally competent to make their patients feel being known for and cared for
as an individual in this culturally diverse population.


            It was interesting to find out from
this video about the limitation of Leininger’s theory. She stated that the
limitation is directed on “how to get nurses to be comfortable” or prepared for
culture care nursing (Madeleine Leininger
– Transcultural Nursing Care video file, 2012). She mentioned that if
nursing fails to recognize the cultural aspects of the patients, nursing
practice will be less effective and patients will not be satisfied with their
care. To Leininger, “care is the essence and heart of nursing” (Madeleine Leininger – Transcultural Nursing
Care video file, 2012). There is no cure without caring and with caring
there is a cure. The purpose and goal of Leininger’s theory is for nurses to
understand diverse cultural backgrounds in regards to health and well-being of
patients. Attaining knowledge and skills, that are culturally based, can help
nurses provide culture specific care. In order to do or become a culturally
competent nurse, the nurse must first have the interest to become competent
culturally before he or she can take the next necessary steps to attain it.


would definitely recommend watching “Madeleine Leininger – Transcultural
Nursing Care” to my colleagues and other nursing students. In this video,
Leininger discussed the background of her theory and how she came to developed
it. Because of the “culture shock” she experienced as a children clinical
specialist, it gave her an idea to expand nurses’ knowledge and understanding
of diverse cultures that the healthcare field was lacking in the 1950s. With
Leininger’s theory, she intended to promote a better relationship between the
nurse and the patient because the nurse is the one who provides care and assist
the patient mainly while he or she is receiving care. Her objective is to
encourage nurses to culturally educate themselves to be able to provide
individualized, culture specific care to their patients.


video provided me a better understanding on how valuable culture is to
incorporate in providing care for our patients. United States is a country with
ever-increasing multicultural population. Being knowledgeable about different
cultures plays a very important role for nurses on how to provide care for
their patients. Nurses must understand their patient’s cultural background when
developing their plan of care. To most patients, their culture is what makes
them an individual and it affects their health tremendously, even their
response to treatment and care. With the help of Leininger’s theory, nurses can
truly see how a patient’s cultural background is connected to his or her health
then use this knowledge to develop a plan of care the will help the patient
recover quickly.


Leininger – Transcultural Nursing Care
video file. (2012). Retrieved from

Accessed on December 5, 2017.


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