Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Gregory Ford
Last updated: October 2, 2019
IntroductionTheobjective of general purpose financial statements is to provide financialinformation about a reporting entity that is useful to existing and potentialinvestors, lenders and other creditors in making decisions about providingresources to the entity.
The entity identifies the information necessary tomeet that objective by making appropriate materiality judgments’ aim of IFRSPractice Statement Making Materiality Judgements is to provide reportingentities with guidance on making materiality judgements when preparing generalpurpose financial statements in accordance with IFRS Standards. While some ofthe guidance in this Practice Statement may be useful to entities applying theIFRS for SMEs® Standard, the Practice Statement is not intended for those entities.Theaim of this IFRS Practice Statement Making Materiality Judgements (PracticeStatement) is to provide reporting entities with guidance on making materialityjudgements when preparing general purpose financial statements in accordancewith IFRS Standards. While some of the guidance in this Practice Statement maybe useful to entities applying the IFRS for SMEs® Standard, the PracticeStatement is not intended for those entities.
Information is material if omitting it or misstating it couldinfluence decisions that users make on the basis of financial information abouta specific reporting entity. General characteristics•The need for materiality judgements is pervasive in the preparation offinancial statements. A company makes materiality judgements when makingdecisions about presentation, disclosure, recognition and measurement. • Requirements in IFRS Standards need only beapplied if their effect is material. The Practice Statement also provides somegeneral guidance on identifying primary users and their information needs. theessential clients the organization ought further bolstering think about whensettling on materiality judgements need aid existing Furthermore possibilityinvestors, moneylenders What’s more other creditors, Likewise distinguished bythe applied schema.
•fiscal explanations do not, and cannot, provide every last one of majority ofthe data that elementary clients compelling reason. Hence, for get ready itsbudgetary statements, the organization ought point on meet the normal dataneeds from claiming its essential clients. Local laws andregulations:ThePractice Statement discusses the interaction between the materiality judgementsa company is required to make and local laws and regulations.ThePractice Statement clarifies that: the company’s financial statements mustcomply with requirements in IFRS Standards, including requirements related tomateriality, to state compliance with those Standards. Hence, a company thatwishes to state compliance with IFRS Standards cannot provide lessinformation than the information required by the Standards, even if local lawsand regulations permit otherwise. •providing additional information to meet local legal or regulatory requirementsis permitted by IFRS Standards even if, according to IFRS materialityrequirements, that information is not material. However, such information mustnot obscure material information.
The materiality processesAfour-step materiality process: The Practice Statement includes a description ofa four-step materiality process. The description provides an overview of therole materiality plays in the preparation of financial statements and focuseson the factors a company should consider when making materiality judgements. Theprocess illustrates one possible way to make materiality judgements andincorporates the materiality requirements a company must apply to statecompliance with IFRS Standards. Specifictopics: The Practice Statement includes specific guidance on how to makemateriality judgements on prior period information, errors and covenants, andin the context of interim reporting. Prior-periodinformation Assessing whether prior-period information ismaterial to current-period financial statements might lead a company to: •provide more prior-period information than was included in prior-periodfinancial statements, when that information is necessary to understandcurrent-period financial statements; or • provide less prior-period information thanwas included in prior-period financial statements, when that information is notnecessary to understand current-period financial statements.
Errors Materialerrors are omissions and/or misstatements in a company’s financial statementsthat individually or collectively could reasonably be expected to influencedecisions that primary users make. IFRS Standards require the company tocorrect all material errors. ThePractice Statement clarifies that the company assesses whether an error ismaterial by applying the same considerations as outlined in the materialityprocess. Information aboutcovenants ThePractice Statement explains that a company should consider both the consequencesof a breach of covenant and the likelihood of such a breach occurring whenassessing the materiality of information related to covenants.
Interimreporting The Practice Statement clarifies that, when preparing aninterim financial report in accordance with IAS 34 Interim FinancialReporting, a company considers the same materiality factors it considers inpreparing its annual financial statements. However, the company takes intoconsideration that the time period and the purpose of an interim financialreport differ from those of the annual financial statements. In particular, theinterim financial report is intended to provide an update on the latestcomplete set of annual financial statements. Effectsof the Practice StatementTheBoard is committed to assessing and sharing knowledge about the likely costs ofimplementing proposed new requirements and guidance—the costs and benefits arecollectively referred to as ‘effects’.TheBoard expects the Practice Statements • It enhance awareness of the role ofmateriality in helping to promote positive changes in behavior.•It encourage the companies to exercise judgement to a greater extent, leadingto a reduction in boilerplate disclosures and redundant information.•It provide a framework to assess the need for information in the financialstatements that is additional to the disclosure requirements specified by IFRSStandards.
• provide a reference point for discussionsbetween a company and its auditors and regulators on the assessment of materiality,helping those parties to reach agreement.The Board does not expect any significant costs associatedwith the application of the Practice Statement because it introduces no newrequirements and is not mandatory. However, companies that have previouslyrelied on a checklist approach when preparing their financial statements mightface some implementation costs when making the judgements discussed in thePractice Statement.
The Board concludedthat the benefits of higher-quality disclosures and easier access toinformation for primary users of financial statements exceed the implementationcosts companies might incur when applying judgement in preparing financialstatements, rather than following a checklist approach. Feedback Statement:Former on distributed thosepresentation Draft, the table undertook broad effort should evaluate ifdirection with respect to materiality if make created What’s more what oughtmake incorporated in that direction. The effort incorporated exchange for theIFRS consultative Council; the bookkeeping measures consultative gathering(ASAF); the universe Standard-Setters; those capital businesses report council(CMAC); those worldwide Preparers gathering (GPF); agents of the globalaccounting Furthermore certification principles table and the worldwideassociation from claiming Securities Commissions; What’s more a amount of otherbookkeeping professionals