Introduction To Poetry Terms

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Last updated: December 17, 2019

Simile
A comparison of two apparently unlike things using like, as, than, or resembles

Metaphor
To compare two apparently unlike things without using the words like, as, than or resembles; the description of one thing as it were another

Personification
Language that attributes human qualities to nonhuman things

Paradox
A situation that seems contradictory but actually expresses the truth

Onomatopoeia
The use of a word whose sound imitates the meaning

Imagery
Descriptive language used to create word pictures

Sensory language
Provides details relating to senses

Stanzas
Grouping of lines

Couplets
Two lines

Quatrains
Four lines

Sound devices
Used to achieve musical quality

Rhythm
The pattern created by stressed and unstressed syllables of words in sequence

Meter
A controlled pattern of rhythm

Rhyme
The repetition of identical sounds in stressed syllables

Rhyme schemes
A pattern of end rhymes

Free verse
Has no set meter or rhyme scheme

Alliteration
The repetition of initial consonant sounds of words

Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words

Consonance
The repetition of consonants in nearby words in which the separating vowels differ

Repetition
The use of any language element used more than once

Narrative poem
Writer tells a story in verses

Epic
A long narrative poem about gods or heroes

Ballad
A songbooks narrative about an adventure or romance

Dramatic poem
A writer tells a story using a characters own thoughts or statements

Lyric
Author expresses feeling of a single speaker

Haiku
Contains three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables

Sonnet
A fourteen line lyric poem

Simile
The morning sun is like a red rubber ball

Metaphor
The morning sun is a red rubber ball

Personification
The sea was angry that day

Paradox
The more things change, the more they stay the same

Onomatopoeia
Buzz and hiss

Alliteration
Dark days

Assonance
Child of silence

Consonance
Love and live

Figurative language
Expressing language in a creative and different way

Communication
An exchange of information that involves talking to otter people and can change us in different ways

River
Poetry is like a ______!

Pat Mora
A women who writes in two languages and wrote “uncoiling” and “a voice”

Because she loves the power and pleasures of words and her mom inspires her
Why is pat mora a writer?

Personification
In uncoiling she mainly uses

Theme
What a poem is really about

A tornado
What is the poem “Uncoiling” about?

It’s about Mora’s mother and how she spoke English and Spanish, but once couldn’t speak up in public, and is now passed down to her children as a “rule” to speak up.
What is the poem “a voice” about?

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