Israeli and Palestinian Literature Exam 1

Topic: BusinessAccounting
Sample donated:
Last updated: May 1, 2019
A Room on the Roof
Savyon Liebrecht

Returning to Haifa
Ghassan Kanafani

The Lemon Tree
Sandy Tolan

“Prayer”
Haiim Gouri

“Behold, Our bodies Are Laid Out”
Haiim Gouri

“A Squad in the Land”
Hillel Omer

“Splendor from the Splendid”
Uri Zvi Greenberg

“Poem of Blessing”
Uri Zvi Greenberg

“And My Brother Was Silent”
Amir Gilboa

“The Prisoner”
Yizhar Smilansky

“Nomad and the Viper”
Amos Oz

“Against”
Rashid Husain

“Raise Your Arms”
Harun Hashim Rasheed

“Commando”
Ibrahim Tuqan

“Here We Shall Stay”
Tawfiq Zayyad

Song of Becoming
Fadwa Tuqan

1858 Ottoman Land Reform
required land owners to register ownership

Kibbutz
intentional community of Jews who came to the Holy Land to work the land and share the project of Zionist resettlement

Theodore Herzl
visionary behind modern Zionism and the reinstitution of a Jewish homeland

1897 First Zionist Congress
formulated a Zionist platform, known as the Basel program, and founded the Zionist Organization

1917 Balfour Declaration
declared Great Britain would support the creation of a Jewish state in the Middle East

1922 Hussein-McMahon Correspondence
declared that the Arabs would revolt in alliance with the United Kingdom, and in return the UK would recognize Arab independence

1936-1939 Arab Uprising/Riots
nationalist uprising by Palestinian Arabs in Mandatory Palestine against British colonial rule, as a demand for independence and opposition to mass Jewish immigration

1946 Bombing of King David Hotel
attack carried out by the militant right-wing Zionist underground organization the Irgun on the British administrative headquarters for Palestine, which was housed in the southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem

1948 Deir Yassin
members of the Jewish terrorist group, the Irgun, attacked the city of Deir Yassin, killing roughly 107 villagers

May 14, 1948
Israeli Declaration of Independence creates state of Israel

1948 Kfar Etzion
massacre of Jewish soldiers that took place after a two-day battle between Jewish settlers and soldiers of Kibbutz Kfar Etzion and a combined force of the Arab Legion and Arab villagers, the day before the Israeli Declaration of Independence.

The surrendering fighters are said to have assembled in a courtyard, only to be suddenly fired upon, and that many died on the spot, while most of those who managed to flee were hunted down and killed.

1948 Al-Dawayima
killing of civilians by the Israeli Army (IDF) that took place in the Palestinian Arab town of al-Dawayima on October 28, 1948 during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War

David Ben-Gurion
first Prime Minister of Israel and widely hailed as the State’s main founder

1987 First Intifada
Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories, which lasted from December 1987 until the Madrid Conference in 1991

1982 Sabra and Shatila
slaughter of civilians, mostly Palestinians & Lebanese Shiites, by a Lebanese Christian militia

1979 Camp David Accords
agreement between Israel and Egypt; Israel agreed to return the Sinai to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip

1972 Munich Olympics Massacre
11 members of the Israeli Olympic team, who were taken hostage and eventually killed, along with a German police officer, by the Palestinian group Black September

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
group of communist, anti-Zionist, Palestinian Nationalists; terror group

1916 Sykes Picot Agreement
secret agreement between the governments of the United Kingdom and France, with the assent of Russia, effectively divided the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire outside the Arabian peninsula into areas of future British and French control or influence

1967 6 Day War
war with Israel against Syria, Jordan and Egypt. The Israelis defended the war as a preventative military effort to counter what the Israelis saw as an impending attack by Arab nations that surrounded Israel.

1956 Kafr Qasim
Israel imposed 5 pm curfew on the Arab village; 49 villagers were shot & killed on their way home from work

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