Presents topics the paper will address in an organized way and expresses the essay’s argument/opinion
the point or main idea of a literary work
the time, place, and social conditions in which literary work occurs
(from Sherwood Anderson) a person who takes one of the many truths, calls it his/his own, and tries to live by it; implies a character who is wounded, scarred, obsessed, who has tunnel vision about some aspect of life.
(from E.M. Forster) a character who has the emotional and psychological complexities associated with “real” people, a character who is capable of surprising the reader.
a “stock” or one-dimensional character, one who lacks the multifaceted qualities associated with real people, a character who is not capable of surprising the reader in a realistic way.
reptition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words
a brief, often casual reference to a work of art, person, place or thing
the reptition of vowel sounds
a pause in a line of poetry
the emotional associations of a word beyond its dictionary definition
a two-lined, usually rhymed stanza
“what’s going on” in a story, poem, play etc. the events, setting, and relationships that contribute to the piece
a moment of a sudden insight, a revelation
the way a poem is arranged on a page
a poem written in open form, without the constrictions of traditional rhyme and meter
traditionally a 17-syllable poem (5/7/5) that emphasizes imagery and conciseness
an overstatement, a statement containing exaggeration
sense experience expressed in language, a picture made with words
a direct comparison, a statement that one thing is another thing
a metaphor developed more subtley, throughout an entire work, a metaphor that uses neither a connective (like or as) or a form of the verb to be (is, am, are, was, were)
a “little song,” 14 line poem written in iambic pentameter
a sonnet that rhymes with the following pattern: abab cdcd efef gg (4 quatrains and a final couplet)
a sonnet that rhymes in one of the following patterns: abba abba (the octave) cdcdcd or cdecde or cdccdc
a poem that tells a story
when the sounds of the words in a line of poetry imitate an “actual sound”
the identity of “the speaker” in a poem, often different that the identity of the poet her(him)self
giving human qualities to non-human things
the study of metrical structures (rhythm) in poetry
the recurrence of stresses and pauses in poetry
the repetition of words, phrases, or lines in a poem or song
a comparision using like or as
a group of lines in a poem
a 19 line French form that emphasizes repetition. Uses the following rhyme pattern: aba aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines one and three repeat in their entirety throughout the poem!
the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs
“unconscious” writing , a stream of consciousness technique used to generate a great deal of content quickly; in automatic writing, writers record thoughts on paper as soon as they occur without analyzing them
a rapidly made list. When writers brainstorm they do not “second guess”
traditionally in the first paragraph of the analytic/argumentative papers.
It’s like, “the thesis statement for a paragraph.” Organizes the paragraph and prepares readers for both topic of the paragraph and the argument opinion that the paragraph will address
an artistic movement in the late 18th/early 19th centuries that emphasized the personal freedom of the individual. Includes such ideas/ideals as pantheism, the “noble savage,” the transcendent aspects of nature, and the idea that humans can find/know G-d directly.
a symbol, character, situation, or image that evokes a deep universal response
when poetry makes designs (shapes) out of letters and words
the conclusion, outcome, resolution of a story
a sadly mediatative poem (a lament) sometimes written on the occasion of death
words spoken when the actor is alone or in an aside (out of hearing range from the other actors); purpose: to reveal the character’s thoughts and/or other information essential for the audience to know
a thing (action, object, place gesture, etc.) that suggests more than its literal meaning
a play usually in 5 acts, meant to arouse the emotions of pity and fear in the audience and thus produce a catharsis (purging) of these emotions [from Aristotle]
the shortcoming in the tragic hero that contributes to his/her downfall