Keystone Literature Practice Terms

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: May 6, 2019

Plot
Series of related events that comprise a story

Point of view
Relationship between the narrator and the story he/she is telling

Narrator
The person, animal, or thing that is telling a story

Irony
The contrast between what the reader expects and what actually happens

Exposition
The part of the plot in which readers are introduced to the characters and setting

Climax
The part of the plot in which characters make a decision or take an action that brings about the resolution.

This is often the most intense part of the plot.

Resolution
The way in which the conflict of a story reaches a solution

Affix
One or more letters at a bound form attached to the beginning or end of a word that create the definition or form of the word

Alliteration
The repetition of initial consonant sounds in a series of wirds

Allegory
A story in which the characters and plot are metaphorically symbolic of ideas outside the story itself

Antonym
A word that is opposite in meaning to a given word

Bias
The presence of a subtle or obvious positive or negative attitude toward a subject

Characterization
An author’s methods for revealing characters and their various traits to the reader

Allusion
A direct or implied reference in a work of literature to an idea outside that work of literature

Context clue
Words or phrases that help a reader to understand the meaning of an unfamiliar word

Diction
The author’s choice or words, phrases and sentence structures to create a specific style

Drama
A genre of literature which is intended to be performed as a play, television show, or movie

Dialect
A variety of language that is distinct from the standard, accepted language. Often these are geographical in origin

Conflict
The struggle or clash among characters or ideas that is central to a narrative

Connotation
The range of emotions a reader associates with specific word choice

Fact
A piece if information presented objectively and accepted as true

Falling action
The part of the plot characterized by diminished conflicts and complications

Fiction
Any writing that is the product of an authors imagination

First person
A point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story

Foreshadowing
The author’s use of hints or clues that suggest what will happen later in the story

Flashback
An organization tool that reveals to readers events that happened at a time prior to the current point in time of the narration

Genre
A category used to classify works of literature

Hyperbole
Exaggeration or overstatement

Imagery
The use of words designed to appeal to the readers’ senses

Inference
A judgement based on reasoning rather than explicit information; reading between the lines

Metaphor
The direct comparison of two unlike things, not using any words of comparison

Motif
A recurring theme, idea or subject in a literary work

Monologue
An extended speech by a single speaker, not necessarily in the context of a play

Soliloquy
A speech by a character, alone on stage, that reveals his/her inner thoughts and feelings

Mood
The prevailing emotional impact or atmosphere or a literary work

Personification
The giving of human qualities to a non-human

Band-wagon
A propaganda technique that aims to convince people that “everyone else is doing it. “

Testimonial
A propaganda technique that uses a famous person to promote a product or idea

Red-herring
A propaganda technique that attempts to distract the reader by introducing unrelated ideas or arguments

Name-calling
A propaganda technique that acts as a personal attack on a person’s character

Biography
A written account of a person’s life

Setting
The time and place in which a story takes place

Symbolism
A literary device in which an object is used to represent an idea

Tone
The author’s attitude toward his subject, characters, and audience

Third person
A point of view in which the narrator is an outsider

Style
The author’s choice or words and sentence structures to create a specific effect

Synonym
A word very similar in meaning to a given word

Rising action
That part of the plot preceding the climax in which the plot becomes increasingly more complicated

Prefix
Group of letters added to the beginning of a word that change the meaning of the original word.

Speaker
The voice used by the author to narrate his/her story

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