Language Techniques – Poetry

Topics: World

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Last updated: December 3, 2019

Alliteration
the repetition of a consonant at the start of several adjacent words

Allusion
referring to a well-known event or text

Assonance
the repetition of a vowel at the start of several adjacent words

Blank verse
verse comprised of unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter

Connotation
implied additional meaning or association with different meanings

Context
the circumstances in which an event occurs

Elegy
a poem composed as a lament for a deceased person

Enjambment
when a sentence flows on to the next line without clause or break (comma or full stop)

Euphemism
a mild or indirect way of saying something that is more severe is being implied

Hyperbole
gross exaggeration

Imagery
mental pictures created by colourful language features

Irony
the expression of meaning using words or phrases that imply the opposite

Metaphor
when one object, through comparison, becomes another

Motif
recurring theme or symbol

Onomatopoeia
the word of a sound: “whoosh”, “bang”

Pathetic fallacy
that attribution of human feelings or responses to inanimate things or animals

Personification
transforming a non-human object into a human through human qualities (mostly physical characteristics)

Perspective
the way or view from which a person sees themselves, others and the world

Purpose
an aim or goal

Rhythm
the poetic pace and flow created from a measure of balance and pattern within the language structure

Sibilance
repetition of the “s” sound

Simile
comparing two objects using “like” or “as”

Stanza
a division of a poem, composed of two or more lines with common characteristics

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