lectricity is an essentialcommodity for human life, next to air andwater. Also, most of the modern technologies need electricity. PowerSector Development in India:In India,electricity was first introduced by the British in Calcutta (1879) todemonstrate electric bulb. Electric power was introduced in India 10 yearsafter London and 17 years after that in New York.
TheElectricity Act framed in 1910 encouraged many private companies to generateand supply electricity. In 1947, the totalinstalled capacity was only about 1362MW. The power sector evolution in Indiabegan after independence, when the Electricity Supply Act was passed in 1948.This marked the beginning of the State Electricity Boards (SEBs). The firstState Electricity Board to be set up was West Bengal State Electricity Board in1956. The SEB’s were unable to meet the growing electricity demand, Under thisact, the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) was formed for operating thegenerating facilities at the Central level. The central sector generatingagencies NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation), NHPC (NationalHydro-Electric Power Corporation), and NPCIL (Nuclear Power Corporation ofIndia Limited were established in 1976, when the Electricity Supply Act wasamended. In 1989, the NPTC, NationalPower Transmission Corporation was established.
This is one of world’s largesttransmission utility. It was set up for construction and maintenance of power gridsbetween states and the five regions. This was one of the major steps taken toconnect the entire country into a single regional grid.
This utility is now called asPOWERGRID Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL). In 1991, Regional Load DispatchCentre (RLDC’s) were established. The Ministry of Powerwas started to function from 2nd July, 1992. It is primarily responsible forthe development of electrical energy in the country.
In 1998, the ElectricityRegulatory Commissions Act was enacted and it established CERC & SERC. ElectricityAct 2003 has been enacted and came into force from 15th June, 2003. Theobjective of this act is to introduce competition, protect consumer’s interestsand provide power for all. Current Stats:· On31st December, 2013, with the commissioning of 765kV Raichur-SolapurTransmission line all the five regional grids were interconnected and Indiaachieves ‘One Nation’-‘One Grid’-‘One Frequency’.· During the year 2017-18, the Peak Demand isabout 164.1GW and the Installed Capacity is 326.
8GW (Fig. 1) with generationshare of Thermal (66.2%), Hydro (13.6%), Renewable (18.2%)and Nuclear (2.
0%). · Asper the report of CEA, the per capita electricity consumption which was a mere 16.3units in 1947, has increased to 1122 units in 2017 Conclusion:India isself-sufficient in technical expertise in the field of power systems and thiswill also lead the country on the path of sustainable development, a game changerfor converting its status of a developing nation to a developed nation.