a story, usually with supernatural significance, that explains origins of gods, heroes, or natural phenomena. Contain deep truths, esp, about nature of humankind
a poem that tells a story
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imperfect of incomplete correspondence of end syllable sounds
words that imitate sounds
a figure of speech that combines two contradictory words, placed side by side (bitter sweet)
a short story illustrating a moral or religious lesson
a statement or situation that at first seems impossible or oxymoronic, but which solves itself and reveals meaning.
repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence or a series of sentences. Emphasise what is said and underscores the meaning. / Two or more stories within a literary work that are told simultaneously and that reinforce one another.
a comical imitation of a serious piece with the intent of ridiculing the author/work
poem, play, story that celebrates and idealises the simple life of shepherds and shepherdesses. popular ’til 18th c.
/ Artistic work that portrays rural life in an idyllic or idealistic way
Quality which appeals to the readers’/viewers’ emotions (esp. pity, compassion, sympathy). Suffer though no fault of his or her own
a sentence that delivers its point at the end; usually constructed as a subordinate clause followed by a main clause (Between space and earth I stood)
the attribution of human characteristics to an inanimate obj. or to an animal
one in which the author’s primary purpose is to instruct, teach or moralise.
(story, speech, essay, play)
as exaggeration/ stretching of the truth to achieve a desired effect
(Poetry) running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza into the next without stopping at the end of the first
a short clever poem with a witty turn of thought
a brief quotation found at the beginning of a literary work. Reflective of theme
eureka! a sudden flash of insight/ Dramatic realisation
a novel in letter form written by 1+ characters. Can present varying 1-person POV and x need a narrator
a short composition on 1 topic expressing view/interpretation of the writer on that topic. Oldest prose forms
substitution of inoffensive word/phrase for harsh, offensive, embarrassing one. Sound better but usually more wordy (die -> pass away)
the quality of a pleasant/harmonious sound of a word(s) as an intended effect. Long vowels and some consonants (sh) (grey sea and the long black land)
a kind of comedy that depends on exaggerated/improbable situations,physical disasters, sexual innuendo to amuse.
uses figures of speech (metaphor, simile, metonymy, personification, hyperbole) to appeal to senses.
a character in the story tells the story (I). Limited POV. Can only relate to event sees/told about
interruption of a narrative by the introduction of an earlier event/image of a past experience.
simple 1D character who remains the same.
May symbols of “types” of people, stereotypical characters
a character whose contrasting personal characteristics draw attention to /enhance/ contrast with those of the main character. By displaying opposite traits, emph. certain aspects of another character
hints at what is to come. Sometimes noticeable only in hindsight but sometimes noticeable enough
poetry w/o regular rhythm or rhyme
category piece of writing can be classified.
each has own conventions and stds.
(Poetry) a rhymed couplet in iambic pentameter
tragic flaw that leads to his/her downfall (insolence, arrogance, pride)
extreme exaggeration for literary effect. x meant to be interpreted literally
most common metric food in Eng-lit poetry (??*5)
anything that affects/appeals to readers’ senses
in medias res
(Lit) work that begins in the middle of the story
(poetry, prose) reveals unspoken thoughts/feelings. Direct or Narrator
rhyme within a line, not end.
May be within 2 lines but more likely within line
a switch in the normal word order. Inverted Syntax. For emphasis or rhyme scheme
14-line poem div. into 2 parts (8: abbaabba, 6:cdcdcd)
negative understatement. opposite of hyperbole
a fairly short, emotionally expressive poem that expresses the feelings and observations of a single speaker
a radical change in a character. Physical or emotional
one thing is another thing.
Not just that one is like
rhythmical patter of a poem. Eng. potty uses 5 basic metric foot
a figure of speech that replaces name of sth with a word/phrase closely associated with it. similar to synecdoche (white house -> president/presidency)