Literary Terms (5th Grade )

Topics: EntertainmentEvents

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Last updated: May 15, 2019

plot
what happens in a story; includes a conflict, rising action, climax and resolution

conflict
the problem of the story

rising action
as the conflict builds

climax
when a problem or conflict is faced; the turning point int he story

resolution or solution
when the problem or conflict is solved

characters
the people or animals ina story

cause
what makes something happen

effect
what happens as a result of the cause

theme
the underlying meaning of a story

setting
where andwhen the story happened

sequence
the order that events happen in a story

author’s purpose
the main reason or reasons the author writes a story

compare or compare and contrast
tell how things are alike and different

fact
something that can be proved

opinion
cannot be proven and tells what someone things or feels

valid generalization
something that is true and covers all things or prople in the story; broad statements that apply to many examples

conclusion
a sensible decision you make after thinking about the details in what you read

main idea
most important idea about the topic

details
pieces of information that support or tell more about the main idea

prior knowledge
what you already knew before reading

graphic source
includes photographs, charts, graphs, maps or other illustrations that organize information and make it easy to see

predict
guessing what will happen in a story based on what you know

dictionary
lists words in alphabetical order and gives their meanings, pars of speech, and pronouneciations

thesaurus
a book containing a list of synonyms and antonyms

glossary
an alphabetical list of important words and their meanings that are used in a book/ located in the back of the book

atlas
book of maps

bibliography
located at the end of a book or paper that lists books, websites, magazines, or other sources that were used or referred to by the author

fiction
a story or book that is not true

non-fiction
a story or book that is true

fantasy
make believe story that could never happen in the real world

humorous fiction
tells the story of imaginary people who seem real. Story events are true to life and often funny

tall tale
a humorous story that tells about exaggerated or impossible events

expository non-fiction
informational text that tells a real life story and attempts to explain the nature of a person, thing, or idea

historical fiction
combination of imagination and fact with fictional characters and plot placed in a fictional historical setting

biography
tells about a real person’s life that is written by another person

fold tales
stories or legends that are told over and over from one generation to another

poetry
compostions arranged in lines; some poems have rhyme, some have rhythm, and some have both

play
a story written to be acted out for an audience

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