Literary Terms & Ethos Pathos Logos

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: April 23, 2019

Metaphor
A comparison stating one thing is something else.

Simile
A comparison using like or as.

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Symbolism
Anything that stands for something else.

Verbal Irony
A person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.

Allegory
A story with two levels of meaning. First, there’s the surface of the story.

Then there’s the symbolic level which can be political or religious, historical or philosophical.

Imagery
The use of words that appeal to the senses.

Diction
Word choice and it helps to create tone.

Theme
The central message or insight about life in a literary work.

Tone
The writer’s attitude toward his/her audience or subject.

Alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds.

Foreshadowing
The use of clues to hint at what is coming in a story.

Oxymoron
A figure of speech that puts together two seemingly contradictory words or phrases that actually end up making a whole lot of sense. ex.

living dead, terribly good

Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate sounds.

Hyperbole
An obvious and deliberate exaggeration.

Flashback
Occur when whatever you’re reading breaks with chronology to give us a glimpse of the past.

Personification
Giving human characteristics to a nonhuman.

Ethos
credibility, ethics, the sense that the speaker “knows his/her stuff” know as the trustworthy factor

Pathos
emotional response whether it fear, anger, humor, amazement, inspiration etc.

Logos
logic and reason, often found in research and organization to get your audience on board

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