Literary/Poetic Concepts

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: December 9, 2019

Alliteration
The repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable.

Climax
The moment of greatest emotional tension in a narrative, usually marking a turning point in the plot at which the rising action reverses to become the falling action.

Dramatic Irony
Dramatic irony creates a discrepancy between what a character believes or says and what the reader or audience member knows to be true.

External Conflict
A struggle between a character and another or between a character and another force outside him/herself

Flashback
A narrated scene that marks a break in the narrative in order to inform the reader or audience member about events that took place before the opening scene of a work.

Foreshadowing
The introduction early in a story of verbal and dramatic hints that suggest what is to come later.

Hyperbole
A boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis without in-tending to be literally true.

Internal Conflict
A problem occurring between a character and a nature

Metaphor
A metaphor is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using the word like or as.

Motif
A recurrent thematic element in an artistic or literary work.

Paradox
A statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense.

Personification
A form of metaphor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things.

Point of View
Refers to who tells us a story and how it is told.

Setting
The physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs.

Simile
A common figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two things by using words such as like, as, than, appears, and seems.

Situational Irony
Exists when there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension or control.

Symbolism
The use of people, objects, images, words, or events that evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than its literal significance.

Theme
The central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work.

Verbal Irony
A figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing but means the opposite.

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