literature 6 elements of poetry

Topics: EnvironmentNature

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Last updated: December 3, 2019

poetry
a division of literature with rhyme and rhythm

lines
groups of words that help create rhythm and emphasis

stanza
a group of lines that work together to express a central idea

speaker
the voice that narrates a poem

sound devices
add a musical quality to poetry

rhythm
the beat created by its pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

stressed syllable
emphasized when it is spoken

unstressed syllable
not emphasized when it is spoken

rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

repetition
the use of any element of language-a sound,word,phrase,or sentence-more than once

alliteration
the repetition of similar consonant sounds at the beginnings of words

onomatopoeia
word when said aloud,say their sound

connotativemeaning
word meaning from association “the con man told me what it means”

denotative meaning
word meaning from the dictionary

tone
a writer’s attitude toward his or her subject

figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally

simile
compares two unlike things using words like or as

metaphor
compares two unlike things without using like or as

personification
gives human qualities to something that is not human

hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration

imagery
also known as sensory language;poets use it to create vivid word pictures for readers

theme
the message or insight about life that the poem conveys

narrative poem
tells a story in a verse;has elements similar to those in short stories

lyric poem
expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker,often in highly musical verse

concrete poem
shaped to look like its subject;the poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page

haiku
a Japanese form of poetry about nature;it’s made up of three lines;5,7,5 syllables

limerick
a humorous,rhyming five-line poem with a specific rhythm and pattern of rhyme

free verse poem
doesn’t have a strict structure,regular rhythm,or pattern of rhyme

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