Literature and Its Writers Vocabulary 8-12

poetic meter
the rhythms of poetry

accent
the emphasis put on the syllable of the word. They are what give the poem its rhythms

stressed
accented syllable (/)

unstressed
Unaccented syllable (u)

scansion
looking at the rhyme and accents to see how the poem achieves its effect

meter
the pattern set up by a regular rhythm of words in a poem

foot
one unit of the rhythmic pattern that makes up the meter

iamb
a rhythm based on a foot of one weak and one strong syllable

iambic meter
the name of the rhythm that has iambs

caesura
break in the meter

anacrusis
the unstressed syllable at the beginning which does not affect the overall meter

spondee
two strong accents together

pyrrhus
two weak accents together

rising meter
the two feet that begin with a weak syllable (iambic and anapestic)

falling meter
the two feet that begin with a strong syllable (trochaic and dactylic)

blank verse
if the lines are unrhymed

stanza
a series fo lines whose pattern of rhyme and meter is followed by a similar series of lines

anapest
two weak accents followed by a strong accent

dactyl
a strong accent followed by two weak accents

trochee
a strong accent followed by a weak one

figurative language

metaphor

simile

personification

apostrophe

metonymy

synecdoche

tone
the way that writers convey their unstated attitudes toward what they have written

denotative meaning
what the dictionary tells us the word means

connotative meaning
the meaning that is derived from the associations built up around the word

diction
the language that a writer has chosen to use in the poem

poetic diction
refers to the language of poetry from when Poetry was such a refined art that they needed fancy shmancy words

syntax
the order of the words in writing of any kind

visual images
things you can see

aural images
things you can hear

tactile images
things you can touch

abstraction
concepts that are described but aren’t tangible (beauty and truth)

imagery
describing physical images in a poem

figurative language (or figures of speech)
the poet has consciously chosen a word or a group of words that is literally inaccurate but it used to describe or define

literal language
each word is being used for its denotative meaning

personification
type of metaphor in which human characteristics are given to something inanimate, animal, or abstract

poetic language
structure, form, and unexpected ways or words explaining what a poem is about