A comparison between two objects or people not using like or as.
A comparison using like, as, or than.
A giving of human or life-like qualities to something non-human.
A direct or indirect reference to something outside the work.
A concrete, sensual representation of an object or a perception. It may be literal or figurative.
A contradiction of meaning.
The organization of a story.
An unexpected turn at the end of the plot.
The tense anticipation aroused when reading a story.
A hint of what is to come.
A recollection of an earlier incident or period
A story within a story.
A characteristic arrangement of words.
A literary device used by an author to throw the reader and characters off the true direction of the plot.