Almost Every body has heard of Brazil but few people actually know anything about it. Most people when asked what images come to mind when you think of Brazil? Would probably say, coffee, Indians, football, the Amazon or perhaps Rio de Janeiro.
Brazil is actually quite difficult to describe. It is a very big country, bigger than the whole of Europe put together. Because of its size it has a great variety of physical features, climate and types of vegetation. There are also great variations in how people live, their wealth and overall quality of life. Brazil can best be described as a land of contrast.
Sao Paulo is the biggest and wealthiest city in the whole of Brazil. It’s just like any normal, modern city: crowded, busy, full of huge skyscrapers, shops, restaurants and plenty of nightlife. Many families in the city are well off and have a good standard of living.
But not everyone is as lucky though. Some people in the city are very poor and live a very difficult life.
On the outskirts of Sao Paulo there is a slum district just like many others in Brazil. They are also known as Favela’s. The houses are very basic; they are hand built by the families who live in them with any materials they can find. There are often only 1 to 3 rooms in a house. The smells are disgusting, sewers run down the streets and even under houses. The slums are very dirty and often filled with life threatening diseases. In some slums the council try to improve the conditions by inserting piped water or electricity but not always. Around half of the cities population live like this.
Some of the children are lucky enough to go to school but some aren’t as fortunate. Even those who do go to school probably only go once or twice a week and when they do go, most of the time they don’t have enough paper or pencils to write with. Many who do go to school often have to leave around the age of 12, to get a job, to make money for their families. If the children could get a job they would be lucky to get ï¿½1 a day.
This is Southern America; it is made up of 13 countries, Peru, Ecuador, Columbia, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Venezuela, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Uruguay, Argentina and the Largest of all BRAZIL.
* The population of Brazil is 159.1 million. That is almost three times that of the U.K.
* Brazil is a huge country with a variety of physical features.
* Much of the land is flat and there are few mountains.
* The Amazon is Brazils greatest river.
* Brazil is a mixture of people from al over the world.
* The south east of Brazil is the most densely populated.
* Population decreases towards the north and west.
The Amazon Rainforest covers the North and West of Brazil. It is the least populated region of the country but is home to many different Amerindian tribes.
Their homes are made up of a circle of small wooden buildings with palm leaf, thatched roofs. There is a usually a house in the middle of the circle which is only used by the men of the tribe. They meet here socially and make decisions that affect the whole village.
Most Amerindian people use face and body paint made from the juice of plants these are usually worn in red and black. Also on special occasions they wear headdresses, nosepieces and earplugs. The men often wear round, wooden discs between their chin and stretched lower lip. All of these body ornaments are made from materials found in the forest.
Living and eating
The Indians live by hunting, fishing and getting food from the forest.
The forest provides and excellent diet as there is a choice of over250 fruits and hundreds of vegetables, nuts and leaves. The Indians make their own ‘gardens’ in small forest clearings.
Developments in the rainforest have brought many benefits. They have provided jobs, brought money to the region and helped Brazils Industry and agriculture. However there have been problems. Large parts of the rainforest have been put under serious threat.
* Settlers have moved to the forest and brought diseases, death and illness with them.
* Violent cattle Ranchers forced Indians of bits of land and would then burn the trees to make space for their cattle, this ruins the soil and stops anything growing there in the future.
* Plants once used by the Indians to make medicines have disappeared.
* Many parts of the forest have been put under water and many Indians have lost their homes due to the hep scheme – hydro electric power
* Chemicals and mining waste have poisoned rivers.
* The amount of animals in the forest decreases as the trees are cut down.
* Roads have been cut through the forest again destroying the soil and the trees.
* Huge plots of land have been cleared for mining.
But one of the biggest problems is that the Indians that live in the forest don’t actually want development they just want to be left alone.
Places David Waugh
School Maps Philips
Brazil Roger Robinson
Rio de Janeiro is a global city. It is built on a mountainous indented coast. Governments have tried all kinds of developments – removing hills, filling in parts of bays and cutting motorways through hills.
Working class districts cluster around the port area of the north and dozens of favelas are scattered on any steeper slopes or derelict land.
The centre is full of life and skyscraper office blocks and there are some famous beaches like the Copacabana but the rich have moved far out to new affluent areas of the city.
I found it hard finding information about the teenagers of Brazil. In fact I didn’t find any thing. Luckily for me I can remember a little bit from my old high school where I learnt about Brazil. Joining together the facts from Sao Paulo – The rich and the poor and the things I can remember I think that a lot of the teenagers live a life like ours. They go to school and like to spend time with their friends. But also there are quite a lot of teenagers that live in poor families in favela’s, they go to work instead of school and many have got involved iv drug abuse. In conclusion many have been forced to live on the streets.
I quite enjoyed looking into the facts of Brazil as I have done this sort of thing in my old school. By choosing Brazil I had a ruff idea of what I was doing and where I was going to find all the information. Unfortunately I didn’t find as much information as I’d hoped to so my project turned out to be a lot smaller than I thought it would be, also I left a lot of it until the last minute and ended up having to rush it. Still I spent quite a lot of time at school and at home finding information. Although I didn’t take as long as id wanted to, to do my project and although it isn’t as long and hasn’t got as much information in as id hoped it would, I think it turned out all right. Still if I was to do it again id spread out the days in which I worked on it instead of doing it all at once.
By doing my Project I have found out loads of things about Brazil that I didn’t know. For example I thought the conditions poor Brazilians live in were bad but never thought that they could be as bad as they actually are, and I thought that cattle ranchers would be good to the Indians and maybe provide them with jobs but then I found out about how they burn down trees, force Indians of their land and some times even resort to murdering them.
But as well as finding out about bad things I found out about the good things. I found that many people in Brazil live a nice life in big cities, beaches, sun and shopping centres.
So Brazil is huge, exciting, interesting and colourful. It has forests and semi deserts. It has spectacular cities, areas of unexplored wilderness. It has Indian tribes and a population made up of people from all over the world.
But it is the contrast between the rich and the poor that people notice more than anything else. On one hand there is the appalling poverty of the favelas. On the other there is the high-class lifestyle of the wealthy. That is Brazils greatest problem and the one that is causing the most concern.